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Cheat Sheet

Cheat Sheet

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Published by Breena Blake
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Published by: Breena Blake on Apr 09, 2013
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05/13/2014

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Mythic or Fairy Tale Romance
Kidnapping
(Persephone)
Taming of the savage male
(Beauty and the Beast)
Transformaon
(Pygmalion)
Rags to Riches
(Cinderella)
Awakening, emoonal rebirth
(Sleeping Beauty)
1. Supplicaon [Benefacon]2. Deliverance [Sojourn]
3. Vengeance for a crime
[Rehabilitaon]
4. Vengeance: kin upon kin
5. Pursuit [Flight]6. Disaster [Miracle]7. Falls prey cruelty or misfor
-
tune [Becoming fortunate]8. Revolt [Support]
9. Daring enterprise
[Healing journey]10. Abducon [Reunion]11. The enigma [Invenon]12. Obtaining [Leng go]13. Enmity of kin [Hero to kin]14. Compeon [Concession]15. Murderous adultery16. Madness [Genius]17. Fatal imprudence18. Involuntary crimes of love
 
[Sacrice for Love]
Conict:
Hero versus...1. nature, a situaon,or hosle environment
2. self, 3. other, 4. god5. tech
(machines)
6. others in conict
20 Master Plots
01. Quest02. Adventure03. Pursuit04. Rescue05. Escape06. Revenge07. The Riddle
08. Rivalry
09. Underdog
10. Temptaon11. Metamorphosis12. Transformaon13. Maturaon14. Love15. Forbidden love16. Sacrice17. Discovery
18. Wretchedexistence19. Ascension20. Descension
12 Steps to Inmacy
(Desmond Morris)01. Eye to body02. Eye to eye
03. Voice to voice
04. Hand to hand
05. Arm to shoulder06. Arm to waist
07. Mouth to mouth08. Hand to head09. Hand to body10. Mouth to breast11. Hand to genitals
Lovers Kept Apart by Baggage, by
Internal Forces, or by Similaries
Inability to trust
(the opposite sex)
Fear of commitmentEmoonal detachmentEmoonal scars
(abuse, incident)
Blames lover for hurt
A secret that threatens love
Must rst solve problem
(nd self)
Lied about something importantCan’t forgive awLovers in a bale of willsOnly one lover can reach shared goalFear of abandonment
Sense of unworthiness
Lover feels doesn’t belong, tLovers engage in bale of wills
Classic Romanc Plots
 
Lovers’ dierences keep them apart
(social, religious, ethnic, opinions, loyales,business compeon, personalies, age)
Unrequited love
Enforced inmacy
(hero protector; marriage of convenience; or arranged or forced or pretend; matchmaker setup; stranded; shared oce/home)
Baby, pregnancy, adopon
(secret, arranged, accidental, lost, threatened)
Platonic friends fall in loveEx-sweethearts are reunited
The healing/redempve power of loveMistaken/hidden identy
(drag, masquerade, twins)
Lover rehabilitates, cures
(physical, mental illness; amnesia, alcoholism)
Eight Sequence Structure
Character aw triggers→ Conict, triggers→ Problem, triggers→ Strategy→ Emoonal event→ Major acon→ Misstep→ Bale→ Final challenge
Work Backwards
... MC’s situaon inspires→ Goal that creates→ Problem, causes→ Event, causes→ Dialog, triggers→ Search nds→ Physical clue→ Place, where→ Final Reveal ←
start here
A pain, shock, surprise or
delight for the MC.
The Seven-Point System
0. Cold open, prologue
1. Hook
(story’s promise)
2. Plot Turn 1
(call to acon)
3. Pinch 1
(what goes
wrong? an aack; peace fails;new villain; forced to acon)
4. Midpoint
(move fromreacon to acon)
5. Pinch 2
(jaws of defeat;loss of mentor, everything)
6. Plot Turn 2
(snatch vic
-
tory from jaws of defeat)
7. Resoluon
(start here)
Throughout: Try/fail (withconsequences)Also: Subplots (if long story)
Outlining order: 7, 1, 4, 2 + 6, 3 + 5, 0
Relaonship types
(Pinker)
Dominance
(boss, authority)
Communality
(kin, spouse, friends)
Reciprocity
(business)
Basic Sequence
ExposionRising Acon
Climax
Falling Acon
Denouement
Seven Basic Plots
(Booker)
Overcoming the Monster;Rags-to-Riches; The Quest;Voyage & Return; Comedy;Tragedy; Rebirth
Propps Folktale Funcons
0 Inial Situaon1 The Absentaons2 The Interdicon3 Violaon
4 Reconnaissance
5 Delivery6 Trickery7 Complicity8 Villainy9 Meditaon10 Beginning counteracon
11 Departure
12 First funcon of donor13 Protagonist reacon14 Acquision of Magical Agent
15 Transference16 Struggle
17 Branding18 Victory19 Liquidaon
20 The Return21 Pursuit22 Rescue23 Unrecognised24 Unfounded Claims
25 Dicult Task26 Soluon27 Recognion
28 Exposure
29 Transguraon
30 Punishment31 The Wedding
Increasing Suspense & Tension
 
Stakes at the beginning
- high stakes (foresight)- movated villain
- show the danger is real 
Sympathec hero
- haunted by past failure- confronts fears/phobias
From within hero’s skin
- moment-by-moment
- recurring thoughts- weave in atmosphere
- world briey slow-mo
- use silence 
Complicate maers
- apply pressure- me constraints- never make it easy- drama before the crisis- misdirecon, red herrings- dilemmas (lose-lose)- circumstances beyond control- unpredictable (roll the dice)
- reversals of fortune
- clianger - nal twist
Three Act Structure
Act I:
seng, conict, characters, hook,promise, incing incident, quesonposed, idea, major themes
End of Act I:
cross threshold; have won(or lost) a bale, now ghng a war
Act II:
confrontaon; journey; conict;explore and develop quesons andtheme; try obvious idea rst; addsubplots, supporng characters
Mid Act II:
hopelessness; turning point;refocusing; from hunted to hunter
End of Act II:
sees path to resoluon
Act III:
dramac resoluon; quesonanswered; problem solved; dual; win!
Art of Story Telling
(Ira Glass)
Anecdote
(this led to this)
Suspense
(breathing)
Reecon
(why tell the story?)
Main Character:
 
who the story is about 
Viewpoint Character:
who we emapthize with
Protagonist:
has an arc
Hero:
moves story 
 
Narrator:
tells story 
Fulil the promise in an unex-pected ay.
  H a v e  t  h e  p r o t a g o n  i s t  w a n t  o n e  t  h  i n g   b u t   d o  a n o t  h e r
Sll too slow?
Cut to acon/interestHave business during exposion
Switch viewpoint
(to character in pain)
Introduce a new conict, goal, thought
process, focus, romance, punchline,
mystery, seng, side-character,sub-plot, parallel plot, suspense,the narrator, dramac irony, strangebedfellowsPostpone exposion
  K  i c  k   d o w n  a   d o o r
In late,out early
Pacing & Nonlinear Devices
Deadline
(me bomb);
In media res
(cold start);
Backstory
(eg ashbacks);
To-do list; Travel log;Objecve
(main, secondary);
Montage; Walk-and-talk;Flash forward; Periodically
return to an event 
  T r y  w r  i t  i n g  w  i t  h  y o u r  e y e s  s  h u t  W r  i t e  n o w ,  e  d  i t   l a t e r
Show,don’ttell.
Making Dialog Less Flat
Use quesons; Add speakers;Swap lines; Joke, irt, lie, compli
-ment, threaten, confess, suspect
  S t a r t  a   f  i g  h t
  T u r n  t  h e  e n v  i r o n m e n t   i n t o  a  c  h a r a c t e r
  B e  a  w  i n n e r :  w r  i t e   2  0  0  0  w o r  d s  e a c  h   d a y  W r  i t e  w  h  i c  h e v e r  s c e n e   i n t e r e s t s  y o u  r  i g  h t  n o w
Killacharacter
T  a  k  e   i  n  s   p  i  r  a  t  i  o  n   f  r  o  m   a   s  o  n   g   t  i  t  l  e  
  W r  i t e  w  i t  h o u t   d  i s t r a c t  i o n s
Pol’s Thirty-Six Dramac Situaons
[+ Schmidt]19. Slaying of kin unrecognized
 
[Convicon]20. Self-sacrice for an ideal,
21. for kin, 22. for passion
[Self-preservaon]23. Sacricing loved ones24. Rivalry of superior vs inferior25. Adultery
26. Crimes of love27. Dishonour of a loved one
28. Obstacles to love29. An enemy loved30. Ambion31. Conict with a god[Supernatural occurrence]32. Mistaken jealousy33. Erroneous judgement34. Remorse [Empathy]35. Recovery of a lost one36. Loss of loved ones
 
[Rescue of a loved one][37.] Odd couple [Fish out of water]
Big picture
Theme: implied statement about the human condion; moralStructure: story architecture,
e.g. three act, snowake, branching
Mof: a recurring or dominant element or ideaStory Goals: inspire, inform, give insight
Persuasion
 Promise Pic ture Proo f Push
EROOTS
Environment
RelaonshipsObjecvesObstaclesTaccs
Stakes
Reacon order
1. Cause
2. Emoonal
respose
3. Acon
4. Speech
 
Ending a scene
clianger; decision;queson; ah-hah moment;surprise, loaded look; tran
-
sion (to next sceen)
Imlwaysdoing tha t which Icannot do inordertolearn how todoit.Pa bloPica sso
“Ne ver blo wthe world upinthebeginningo f the sceneor you’llh veno wheretogo.”
Beginfromtheje welcenterof interestnd  writeoutwrds, s wimminginseofla ngua ge
Miraculous birthHero’s ordinary home
-town
(peaceful, waste
-land, or suburbia)
Dissased
(“I want”)
Call to adventureRefusal of call
(or jumps)
Supernatural aid
(from mentor)
Crossing rst theshold
(or down the rabbit hole)
Symbolic death
(Belly of the Whale)
Road of Trials: (
shapeshi 
-er, goddess, temptress,
atonement with father,leave-your-quest test)
Night sea voyageA breather before...
Apotheosis
Fight against Big BadUlmate Boon
Refusal of ReturnThe Return
(Magic Flight)
Rescue from withoutReturn threshold crossing
Master of two worldsFreedom to live
 
The Hero’s Journey
(Campbell)
  A  l w a y s  c a r r y  a  n o t e  b o o  k
Sources:
Inkalicious, Suite101, WringChallengesPodcast, OnThe Page pod 
-
cast, epiguide, WringExcuses, TriumphalWring, Writershelper, FilmScript 
-
Wring, RonaldTobias, RichardHarlan, AlanFiske, DanWells, GailGaymer Marn, Writer’sGuide ToCharacter Traits(2ndEd),
Wikipedia
 ,
TVTropes
      y  
“Love conquers all”
M.I.C.E.
uoent
Milieu• Idea
Character
Event
"We know we ha  vereached the end of a story when weknowho w tofeelabouttheevents that makeit up." Kieran Egan
"A  ta lesha ll a ccomplish something nd rrive some where." MarkT wain
    "    W    h   a   t   c   o   u   n   t   s    i   s   n   o   t   w    h   a   t    i   s   s   a    i    d ,    b   u   t   t    h   e   e    f    f   e   c   t   o    f   w    h   a   t    i   s   m   e   a   n   t    "    S   o    l    S   t   e    i   n
"Don't tell metht the moon isshining; show me the glint olight onbroken glass."AntonChekov 
Dra w fro m  w hat you kno wResearc h  w hat you don'tI magine  w hat you can't
hp://
nowhitespace.org/wring
by @peter_halasz
v1.04
                                                                                                                                                                             “                                                                                                                                                                             E                                                                                                                                     v                                                                                                                                       e                                                                                                                                         r                                                                                                                                     y                                                                                                                                                                                          c                                                                                                                                                                                         h                                                                                                                                       a                                                                                                                                         r                                                                                                                                       a                                                                                                                                         c                                                                                                                                                                      t                                                                                                                                         e                                                                                                                                         r                                                                                                                                        s                                                                                                                                                                                         h                                                                                                                                       o                                                                                                                                       u                                                                                                                                                                                         l                                                                                                                                                                                     d                                                                                                                                        w                                                                                                                                       a                                                                                                                                         n                                                                                                                                                                    t                                                                                                                                          s                                                                                                                                         o                                                                                                                                         m                                                                                                                                       e                                                                                                                                                                      t                                                                                                                                                                                         h                                                                                                                                                                                       i                                                                                                                                       n                                                                                                                                       g                                                                                           ,                                                                                                                                                                              e                                                                                                                                       v                                                                                                                                       e                                                                                                                                         n                                                                                                                                                                                        i                                                                                                                                                                                      f                                                                                                                                                                                        i                                                                                                                                                                    t                                                                                                                                                                                          i                                                                                                                                       s                                                                                                                                         o                                                                                                                                         n                                                                                                                                                                                       l                                                                                                                                     y                                                                                                                                                                                          a                                                                                                                                         g                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            l                                                                                                                                       a                                                                                                                                         s                                                                                                                                         s                                                                                                                                         o                                                                                                                                                                                        f                                                                                                                                      w                                                                                                                                       a                                                                                                                                                                      t                                                                                                                                         e                                                                                                                                         r                                      .                                                                                                                                                                             ”                                                                                                                                                                             K                                                                                                                                     u                                                                                                                                         r                                                                                                                                                                    t                                                                                                                                                                                 V                                                                                                                                       o                                                                                                                                         n                                                                                                                                       n                                                                                                                                       e                                                                                                                                         g                                                                                                                                                                                          u                                                                                                                                                                      t  
Scene:
1. Goal2. Conict
3. DisasterSequel:
4. Reacon
5. Dilemma6. Decision
Scene andSequel
(Swain)
Eleven Master Structures
(Schmidt)
Three Act 
1. Roller coaster
2. Replay3. Fate
4. Parallel5. Episodic
6. Melodrama
Structured content 
7. Romance
8. Journey
 An-structure
9. Interacve con10. Metacon
11. Slice of life
"The maincharacterdoesn't alwa yshavetochange —aslong ashechangesthe worldaround him."Pilar Alessandra 
Styles
(Duotrope)
 
Absurdist, Dark, Experimental, Humorous,Literary, Mainstream, Minimalist, Pulp,Quirky, Realist, Sarical, Surrealist
PLOT
  S a v e  a   k e y  r e v e  l a t  i o n   f o r   l a t e r  S e c r e t s  a  d  d  s u  b t e x t  a n  d  r e v e a  l  c  h a r a c t e r   i m p e r  f e c t  i o n 
It  would  be a s ha me if you didnt use veiled or indirect speec h for  bri bes, t hreats, friendly requests, and solicitations. 
  P  l a y  w  i t  h  s c e n e  o r  d e r
 Ne w  frie nds  bo nd o ver a jo ke or a co m mo n e ne m y

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