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ACLU Amicus Brief

ACLU Amicus Brief

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Published by: mary eng on Apr 09, 2013
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04/09/2013

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No. 12-30205 _________________________________________________________________ UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALSFOR THENINTH CIRCUIT _________________________________________________________________ UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,Plaintiff-Appellee,v.EZEQUIEL CASTRO-INZUNZA,Defendant-Appellant.Appeal under FRAP 9(a) and Circuit Rule 9-1.1 from theUnited States District Court for the District of OregonBRIEF OF
 AMICI CURIAE 
THE AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNIONFOUNDATION AND AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION OFOREGON IN SUPPORT OF APPELLANT _________________________________________________________________ 
Kevin DiazAMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIESUNION OF OREGONP.O. Box 40585Portland, OR 97240(503) 227-6928KDiaz@aclu-or.orgMichael Tan
* admitted in NY Counsel of Record 
Cecillia WangAMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIESUNION FOUNDATIONImmigrants’ Rights Project39 Drumm StreetSan Francisco, CA 94111(415) 343-0779mtan@aclu.orgcwang@aclu.org
Case: 12-30205 07/06/2012 ID: 8240555 DktEntry: 4-2 Page: 1 of 32
 
i
CORPORATE DISCLOSURE STATEMENT
There are no corporations involved in this case.
Case: 12-30205 07/06/2012 ID: 8240555 DktEntry: 4-2 Page: 2 of 32
 
ii
TABLE OF CONTENTSCORPORATE DISCLOSURE STATEMENT ..................................................... i
TABLE OF CONTENTS ....................................................................................... ii
TABLE OF AUTHORITIES ................................................................................ iii
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................... 1
INTEREST OF
 AMICI CURIAE 
............................................................................3
ARGUMENT ............................................................................................................ 4I. UNDER THE FEDERAL BAIL STATUTE, THE EXISTENCEOF AN ICE DETAINER AND REINSTATEMENT ORDER DOES NOT BAR A DEFENDANT’S RELEASE ON BAIL ............... 4A. A Noncitizen Defendant Must Be Treated like Any OtherDefendant for Bail Purposes Unless the Government Electsto Forgo His Criminal Prosecution in Favor of RemovalProceedings. ......................................................................................... 4B. Because the Government Is in Full Control of Whether theDefendant Is Removed from the United States, That FactorIs Not Relevant to the Consideration of Flight Risk. .......................9C. Even Assuming the Consideration of Flight Risk IncludesDefendant’s Possible Detention and Removal, theGovernment Is Fully Capable of Ensuring Defendant’sAvailability for Criminal Prosecution. ............................................ 131. The Government May Obtain a Departure ControlOrder to Delay Removal Until the Conclusion of theCriminal Case. ........................................................................... 142. Even Without a Departure Control Order, theGovernment Has Complete Control Over aDefendant’s Removal. ............................................................... 18II. NEITHER AN ICE DETAINER NOR A REINSTATEMENTORDER MEANS AN INDIVIDUAL WILL BE HELD INIMMIGRATION DETENTION OR REMOVED FROM THEUNITED STATES. .................................................................................. 22CONCLUSION ....................................................................................................... 24
CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE .................................................................. 25
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE ............................................................................26
Case: 12-30205 07/06/2012 ID: 8240555 DktEntry: 4-2 Page: 3 of 32

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