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2013-04-12 Ellipses

# 2013-04-12 Ellipses

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08/10/2013

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Name:_______________________ Date assigned:______________ Band:________Precalculus | Packer Collegiate Institute Circles & Ellipses
Warm Up:
Sketch the graphs below. [This is going to get you thinking about our next topic, parabolas.]
2
2
y x

2
2
x y

2
2 3
y x

2
2 3
x y
The graphs on the left and on the right are: _________________________________ because:

xy

xy

xy

xy

Section 1: Circles and Ellipses
1.

We know the equation for a unit circle is
2 2
1
x y
.
Graph that on the grid below.
2.

When we write
22
112
x y
, we see that the
12
is affecting the [circle one: x / y ] coordinate.The x- intercepts of this are going to be: ___________ and ____________.The y-intercepts of this are going to be: ___________ and ____________.We see that it is secretly a circle which is [stretched / shrunk ] in the __________ direction.
Graph it below.
3.

When we write
22
2 1
x y
, we see that the
2
is affecting the [circle one: x / y ] coordinate.The x- intercepts of this are going to be: ___________ and ____________.The y-intercepts of this are going to be: ___________ and ____________.We see that it is secretly a circle which is [stretched / shrunk ] in the __________ direction.
Graph it below.
Graph this on the grid below.4.

When we write
22
13 14
y x

, we see that the
14
is affecting the [circle one: x / y ] coordinate and the
3
is affecting the [circle one: x / y ] coordinate.The x- intercepts of this are going to be: ___________ and ____________.The y-intercepts of this are going to be: ___________ and ____________.We see that it is secretly a circle which is [stretched / shrunk ] in the __________ direction
and
[stretched / shrunk ] in the __________ direction.
Graph it below.

These oval shapes are called
ellipses
. When centered at the origin, their standard form is written:
2 2
1
x y
  

,where and are numbers. Because of that, you know a
circle
is a special type of ellipse (just as a square is a specialtype of rectangle).This form is quite nice because you can read off x- and y-intercepts easily. Try to find the x- and y-intercepts for
2 2
11/43
x y
  
. The x-intercepts are: ____ and _____. The y-intercepts are ____and ____.Then decide if the ellipse is going to look more like or . .

See if you can rewrite the following in standard ellipse form. List the x- and y- intercepts.1.

2 2
1(2 ) ( ) 13
x x
circle one:2.

2 2
116 125
y x
circle one:3.

2 2
99
x y
circle one:4.

2 2
9 2 1
x y
circle one:5.

2 2
2 16 9
x y
circle one:6.

2 2
6 7 13
x y
circle one:

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