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Climate Change Impacts to Natural Resources in South Carolina

Climate Change Impacts to Natural Resources in South Carolina

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Published by Richard Phelps
The SC Department of Natural Resources released this report April 9, 2013, after completing it in 2012.
The SC Department of Natural Resources released this report April 9, 2013, after completing it in 2012.

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Published by: Richard Phelps on Apr 10, 2013
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04/14/2013

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DNR
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTSTO NATURAL RESOURCES INSOUTH CAROLINA
 
This document is available on the Department of Natural Resources web site athttp:www.dnr.sc.gov/ 
 
 
2
FOREWORD
In recent years state natural resource agencies including the South CarolinaDepartment of Natural Resources (DNR) have been engaged in discussions aboutclimate change. Staff at DNR, and many of our counterpart state agencies, areroutinely asked some of the following questions:1. What might happen to our fish, wildlife and marine resources if climate changeshould have an effect on them?2. Are invasive and noxious species likely to be able to exploit subtle changes in aior water temperature or water quality or quantity?3. What impact might climate change have on water resources and its continuedavailability for both humans and fish and wildlife?4. What are some of the common-sense things we can do to adapt to climatechange if it begins to occur?5. How might recreational boating be affected if our lakes and reservoirs areimpacted by climate change?6. What monitoring programs are in place that will enable us to be able to predictimpacts to natural resources or recreational use before they occur?7. What technologies are necessary to enable science-based natural resourcemonitoring programs?These are just a few of the questions we must consider given our mandate to be thestewards of natural resources in South Carolina. In reality, there are many morequestions and none of them have easy answers. Facing complex issues and preparingfor an uncertain future are nothing new to the DNR. We utilize a sound, science-basedapproach and have been doing this for many decades. DNR does not have experts inthe field of climate change or personnel involved in pure climate change research.However, scientists, biologists, and other personnel from DNR have reviewed theavailable scientific literature on climate change and the possible impacts on the state'snatural resources and drafted a guidance document to help us navigate the pathforward.Over the past few decades scientists have documented melting glaciers, diminishingpolar sea ice, shifting of growing seasons, changes in migratory patterns of birds andfish, rising sea levels and many other climate-related phenomena. These changes andcountless more like them may have substantial consequences for both the environmentand the economy. Nationally, hunting, fishing and wildlife-related recreation alone add$122 billion to the economy each year. In South Carolina, natural resources areessential for economic development and contribute nearly $30 billion and 230,000 jobsto the state's economy. Access to abundant recreational opportunities and naturalassets play an important role in economic growth and quality of life at the local, regionaland state levels, so protection and enhancement of our natural resources can andshould be part of our overall economic development strategy. Any changes to our coastal environment could cause substantial economicconsequences. Shoreline changes affect property uses, land values, tourism, and
 
 
3natural resources management as well as traditional uses such as hunting and fishing,timber management and agriculture.Some have argued that natural variability and chance have the major influences over climate change, that this is a natural process, and that climate scientists have beenoverreacting. At DNR, we do not profess to know why all of these changes seem to beoccurring, but we do understand that we have a responsibility to stay abreast of thelatest science as we strive to make the best decisions possible in the management of the state's natural resources. All of these potential impacts require a science-based approach to decision making.Moving forward, we should develop an efficient strategy incorporating baselinemeasurements, monitoring, and data analyses to provide decision makers accurateassessments and predictions of future environmental changes. We know that we mustbe prepared for change should it occur.This report is a first step in the process of identifying and gathering publishedinformation on how climate change may affect wildlife, fisheries, water supply and other natural resources in South Carolina. We have identified some key adaptive stepsnecessary to respond to potential climate change in our state. This report is beingreleased for public review, and we invite our citizens and leaders to participate byproviding their comments. Public comments may be submitted electronically toclimatechange@dnr.sc.gov or by mail to Climate Change, PO Box 167, Columbia, SC29202. We will appreciate receiving your comments by May 24, 2013.Signature:
 
 Alvin A. Taylor Director 

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