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Buku Ajar Taksonomi Tumbuhan

Buku Ajar Taksonomi Tumbuhan

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Published by Nurkholis
Buku Ajar Taksonomi Tumbuhan
Buku Ajar Taksonomi Tumbuhan

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Published by: Nurkholis on Apr 11, 2013
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DAFTAR ISI
DAFTAR ISI........................................................................................................................1............................................................................................................................................3PENDAHULUAN...............................................................................................................41.1. DEFENISI DAN RUANG LINGKUP.....................................................................41.2. TUJUAN...................................................................................................................41.3. HUBUNGAN DENGAN ILMU BOTANI LAIN....................................................51.4. TAHAP PERKEMBANGAN...................................................................................5DETERMINASI..................................................................................................................72.1. CARA MENDETERMINASI TUMBUHAN..........................................................72.2. ATURAN PEMBUATAN KUNCI DETERMINASI..............................................82.3. MENGGUNAKAN KUNCI DETERMINASI.........................................................92.4. JENIS-JENIS KUNCI DETERMINASI TUMBUHAN..........................................92.5. MEMBUAT CONTOH KUNCI DETERMINASI SEDERHANA.......................10TATA NAMA (NOMENKLATUR).................................................................................123.1. SEJARAH TATANAMA TUMBUHAN...............................................................123.2. NAMA UMUM......................................................................................................133.3. NAMA ILMIAH.....................................................................................................143.4. PRINSIP DAN PERATURAN TATANAMA TUMBUHAN...............................143.5. KOMPOSISI NAMA ILMIAH..............................................................................153.6. TINGKAT KESATUAN TAKSONOMI...............................................................163.7. TIPE TATANAMA TUMBUHAN........................................................................173.8. SATU TAKSON SATU NAMA............................................................................18KELAS CHAROPHYCEAE (CHARACEAE).................................................................19(Ganggang karang).........................................................................................................19(Ganggang pirang).........................................................................................................215.1. Bangsa Phaeosporales.............................................................................................215.2. Bangsa Laminariles.................................................................................................225.3. Bangsa Dictyotales..................................................................................................245.4. Bangsa Fucales........................................................................................................25(Ganggang merah).........................................................................................................276.1. Anak kelas BANGIEAEA (PROTOFLORIDEAE)...............................................276.2. Anak kelas FLORIDEAE.......................................................................................27(Lumut Kerak)...............................................................................................................307.1. Kelas ASCOLICHENES........................................................................................317.2. Kelas BASIDIOLICHENES (HYMENOLICHENES)..........................................31DIVISI BRYOPHYTE.......................................................................................................33(Tumbuhan Lumut)........................................................................................................338.1. KELAS HEPATICAE (LUMUT HATI)................................................................348.1.1. Bangsa Anthocerotales (Lumut Tanduk).............................................................348.1.2. Bangsa Marchantiales..........................................................................................358.1.3. Bangsa jungermaniales........................................................................................358.2. KELAS MUSCI (LUMUT DAUN)........................................................................368.2.1. Bangsa Andreaeales.........................................................................................388.2.2. Bangsa Sphagnales ( lumut gambut )...............................................................381
 
8.2.3. Bangsa Bryales.................................................................................................39PTERIDOPHYTA.............................................................................................................43(Tumbuhan Paku)...........................................................................................................43KELAS PSILOPHYTINAE..............................................................................................48(Paku Purba)...................................................................................................................4810.1. Bangsa Psilophytales (Paku Telanjang)................................................................4810.2. Bangsa Psilotales..................................................................................................49KELAS LYCOPODINAE.................................................................................................51( Paku Rambat atau Paku Kawat ).................................................................................5111.1. Bangsa Lycopodiales............................................................................................5111.2. Bangsa Selaginellales (Paku Rane, Paku Lumut).................................................5311.3. Bangsa Lepidodendrales.......................................................................................5411.4. Bangsa Isoetales....................................................................................................56KELAS EQUISETINAE...................................................................................................58(Paku Ekor Kuda)..........................................................................................................5812.1. Bangsa Equisetales................................................................................................5812.2. Bangsa Sphenophyllales.......................................................................................6112.3. Bangsa Protoarticulatales......................................................................................61KELAS FILICINAE..........................................................................................................63(Paku Sejati)...................................................................................................................6313.1. Leptosporangiate (Filices)....................................................................................6313.2. Anak Kelas Hydropterides (Paku Air)..................................................................70PRIMOFILICES................................................................................................................74FITOGRAFI.......................................................................................................................7515.1. KORMUS DAN BAGIAN-BAGIANNYA..........................................................7515.2. AKAR (Radix)......................................................................................................7515.3. BATANG (CAULIS)............................................................................................8015.4. DAUN (Folium)....................................................................................................85BATANG, DAN DAUN..............................................................................................10915.6. ALAT PERKEMBANGBIAKAN (Organum Reproductivum).........................11315.6.1. BUNGA (FLOS)..........................................................................................11315.6.2. Bagian-bagian Bunga...................................................................................11915.7. BUAH (Fructus)..............................................................................................12615.8. BIJI (Semen)...................................................................................................13015.9. Lembaga (Embryo).........................................................................................132DESKRIPSI.....................................................................................................................13516.1. DEFENISI DAN KEPENTINGAN....................................................................13516.2. BENTUK DAN ISI DESKRIPSI.......................................................................135PENCIRIAN....................................................................................................................13617.1. DEFENISI...........................................................................................................13617.2. MACAM SIFAT TAKSONOMI........................................................................136SUMBER BUKTI TAKSONOMI...................................................................................13718.1. PERANAN SUMBER BUKTI TAKSONOMI..................................................13718.2. BEBERAPA SUMBER BUKTI TAKSONOMI................................................137KLASIFIKASI.................................................................................................................14019.1. DEFENISI DAN TUJUAN.................................................................................1402

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