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Functional Analysis

Functional Analysis

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Published by: Joshua Rocky Lizardi on Apr 11, 2013
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Lectures in Functional Analysis
Roman Vershynin
Department of Mathematics, University of Michigan, 530 ChurchSt., Ann Arbor, MI 48109, U.S.A.
E-mail address 
:
romanv@umich.edu
 
Preface
These notes are for a one-semester graduate course in Functional Analysis,which is based on measure theory. The notes correspond to the course
Real Analysis II 
, which the author taught at University of Michigan in the Fall 2010. The courseconsists of about 40 lectures 50 minutes each.The student is assumed to be familiar with measure theory (both Lebesgue andabstract), have a good command of basic real analysis (epsilon-delta) and abstractlinear algebra (linear spaces and transformations).The course develops the theory of Banach and Hilbert spaces and boundedlinear operators. Main principles of are covered in depth, which include Hahn-Banach theorem, open mapping theorem, closed graph theorem, principle of uni-form boundedness, and Banach-Alaoglu theorem. Fourier series are developed forgeneral orthogonal systems in Hilbert spaces. Compact operators and basics of Fredholm theory are covered.Spectral theory for bounded operators is studied in the second half of the course.This includes the spectral theory for compact self-adjoint operators, functionalcalculus and basic spectral theory of general (non-compact) operators, althoughthe latter needs to be expanded a bit.Topics not covered include: Krein-Milman theorem (although this can be donewith one extra lecture), unbounded linear operators, and Fourier transform. Mostapplications to ODE and PDE are not covered, however the integral operators serveas a main example of operators in this course.The material has been compiled from several textbooks, including Eidelman,Milman and Tsolomitis “Functional Analysis”, Kirillov and Gvishiani “Theoremsand problemsin functional analysis”, Reed and Simon “Methods of modern mathe-matical physics. I. Functional analysis”, V. Kadets “A course in functional analy-sis” (Russian), and P. Knyazev, “Functional analysis”. Minor borrowings are madefrom Yoshida “Functional analysis”, Rudin “Functional analysis”, and Conway “Acourse in functional analysis”. For some topics not covered, one may try R. Zimmer“Essential results of functional analysis”.
Acknowledgement.
The author is grateful to his students in the Math 602course
Real Analysis II 
, Winter 2010, who suggested numerous corrections for thesenotes. Special thanks are to Matthew Masarik for his numerous thoughtful remarks,corrections, and suggestions, which improved the presentation of this material.
 
Contents
Preface ivChapter 1. Banach and Hilbert spaces 11.1. Linear spaces and linear operators 11.2. Normed spaces 71.3. Banach spaces 151.4. Inner product spaces 191.5. Hilbert spaces 251.6. Fourier series 28Chapter 2. Bounded linear operators 392.1. Bounded linear functionals 392.2. Representation theorems for linear functionals 422.3. Hahn-Banach theorem 472.4. Bounded linear operators 56Chapter 3. Main principles of functional analysis 693.1. Open mapping theorem 693.2. Closed graph theorem 743.3. Principle of uniform boundedness 763.4. Compact sets in Banach spaces 833.5. Weak topology 873.6. Weak
¦ 
topology. Banach-Alauglus theorem 91Chapter 4. Compact operators. Elements of spectral theory 944.1. Compact operators 944.2. Fredholm theory 984.3. Spectrum of a bounded linear operator 1014.4. Properties of spectrum. Spectrum of compact operators. 103Chapter 5. Self-adjoint operators on Hilbert space 1105.1. Spectrum of self-adjoint operators 1105.2. Spectral theorem for compact self-adjoint operators 1135.3. Positive operators. Continuous functional calculus 1165.4. Borel functional calculus. Spectral theorem for self-adjoint operators 122Bibliography 126Index 127
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