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Be a citizen-voter before, during and after elections

Be a citizen-voter before, during and after elections

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Published by BlogWatch.ph
The Institute for Political and Economic Reform (IPER) suggests some action points for citizen-voters before, during and after elections
The Institute for Political and Economic Reform (IPER) suggests some action points for citizen-voters before, during and after elections

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Published by: BlogWatch.ph on Apr 11, 2013
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06/17/2014

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 Your Vote. Our Future.
Citizen Voter’s Education Module
 
1 2
I. The Right of Suffrage
The human right to vote is embodied in three instruments: Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR); the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; and in the 1987Philippine Constitution. The Philippines is governed by these three documents whichsimilarly mandate
universality of the right
;
equality in access to public service
; and
secrecy of votes
.
Article 21 (1-3) of theUniversal Declaration of Human Rights(December 10, 1948)Art.25 (a-c) of InternationalCovenant on Civil and PoliticalRights, (March 1976)Art. V, Sec. 1-2 of The1987 Philippine Constitution
1 Everyone hasthe right to takepart in thegovernment of hiscountry, directly or through freelychosenrepresentatives.2 Everyone hasthe right to equalaccess to publicservice in hiscountry.3 The will of the people shallbe the basis of the authorityof the government; this willshall be expressed inperiodic and genuineelections, which shall be byuniversal and equal suffrageand shall be held by secretvote or by equivalent freevoting procedures.Every citizen shall have theright and the opportunity,without any of the distinctionsmentioned in article 2 andwithout unreasonablerestrictions:(a) To take part in theconduct of public affairs,directly or through freelychosen representatives;(b) To vote and to beelected at genuineperiodic elections whichshall be by universal andequal suffrage and shallbe held by secret ballot,guaranteeing the freeexpression of the will of the electors;(c) To have access, ongeneral terms of equality, to publicservice in his country.1 Suffrage may be exercisedby all citizens of thePhilippines not otherwisedisqualified by law.2 The Congress shallprovide a system for securingthe secrecy and sanctity of ballot as well as a system for absentee voting by qualifiedFilipinos abroad. Thecongress shall also design aprocedure for the disabledand the illiterates to votewithout the assistance of other persons.3 Until then, they shall beallowed to vote under existinglaws and such rules as theCommission on elections maypromulgate to protect thesecrecy of the ballot.
The people’s right to suffrage is the foundatio
n of the electoral process. If people are notallowed to vote freely, then the whole process of elections becomes absurd andsuperfluous.
 A person holding a printed copy of thedeclaration of human rights
 –
the UDHR wasadopted by the United Nations on December 10, 1948.
The 1987 Philippine Constitution, it contains the right tosuffrage on section 1, article 5.
 
 Your Vote. Our Future.
Citi
zen Voter’s Education Module
 
3 4The first Philippines Assembly of 1907,under the auspices of the
 
 Americans.Photo from:http://blogs.gmanews.tv/alecks-pabico/archives/21-Still-not-very-reresentative.html
(Suffrage
: “The right to vote, or the exercising of that right.” 
 
 –
 Andrew Heywood; Politics (Second Edition); p. 432 
.)
The right to suffrage, as a human right, is related to the concept of democracy and
people’s sovereignty.
Sovereignty is often defined as the principle of absolute and unlimited power. Under thedemocratic 1987 Constitution, it is the people alone who can exercise sovereignty. Theycan therefore make decisions that are binding on all individual citizens, groups andinstitutions
including the selection of leaders who will run the government.
Art. II, Sec. 1 of The 1987 Philippine Constitution
: “The Philippines is a
 democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in the people and 
all government authority emanates from them.”)
 
Qualifications and Disqualifications of a Voter 
 All citizens of the Philippines, eighteen years of age or over, and residents of thePhilippines for one year and for at least six months in the city or municipality whereinhe/she proposes to vote immediately preceding the election are qualified to vote.The following shall be disqualified from voting:
Any person who has been sentenced by final judgment to suffer imprisonment for notless than one year. However, he/ she may reacquire the right to vote upon expirationof five years after service of sentence.
Any person who has been adjudged by final judgment by competent court or tribunalof having committed any crime involving disloyalty to the duly constituted governmentsuch as rebellion, sedition, violation of the anti-subversion and firearms laws, or anycrime against national security, unless restored to his/her full civil and political rightsin accordance with law: Provided, That he/she shall regain his right to voteautomatically upon expiration of five years after service of sentence.
Insane or incompetent persons as declared by competent authority.In addition, RA 9189 or the Overseas Absentee Voting Law entitles all Filipino citizensoverdisqualified by law, and immigrants and permanent residents with affidavit of intent toresume residence in the Philippines, to vote for elective positions on the national level:President; Vice-President; Senators; and Party-List Representatives.

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