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The Flow of Unaccompanied Children Through the Immigration System

The Flow of Unaccompanied Children Through the Immigration System

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Published by Patricia Dillon
Vera Institute: Illegal immigration is dropping, but not so with under 18 year olds fleeing drug violence or trafficking yet who have no right to counsel if apprehended in the U.S .
Approximately 40 % of children admitted into ORR (Office of Refugee Resettlement) custody are identified as eligible for a form of
legal relief from removal (such as asylum, special immigrant juvenile status, or visas for victims of crime or
trafficking).
>> Fewer than 1 percent of children are granted relief from removal during their stay in ORR custody.
Vera Institute: Illegal immigration is dropping, but not so with under 18 year olds fleeing drug violence or trafficking yet who have no right to counsel if apprehended in the U.S .
Approximately 40 % of children admitted into ORR (Office of Refugee Resettlement) custody are identified as eligible for a form of
legal relief from removal (such as asylum, special immigrant juvenile status, or visas for victims of crime or
trafficking).
>> Fewer than 1 percent of children are granted relief from removal during their stay in ORR custody.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Patricia Dillon on Apr 11, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/12/2013

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   C   E   N   T   E   R   O   N    I   M   M   I   G   R   A   T   I   O   N    A   N   D   J   U   S   T   I   C   E
The Flow of UnaccompaniedChildren Through theImmigration System
A Resource or Practitioners,Policy Makers, and Researchers
MARCH 2012
Olga Byrne
Elise Miller
 
THE FLOW OF UNACCOMPANIED CHILDREN THROUGH THE IMMIGRATION SYSTEM
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MESSAGE FROM THE CENTER DIRECTOR
Vera’s Center on Immigration and Justice was created to address the chal-lenges o converging criminal justice and immigration systems—challengesthat aect thousands o immigrants and their amilies every day. Our workocuses on improving access to legal services or immigrants—in particular,or detained adults and unaccompanied children—and strengthening rela-tionships between law enorcement and immigrant communities.Unaccompanied immigrant children are an extremely vulnerable popu-lation. Whether they enter the United States by themselves, all prey tosmugglers or trackers, or nd themselves in government custody acingdeportation ater many years o living in the country, they are oten orced tonavigate the complex immigration enorcement system without a lawyer. Thethousands o children who encounter this system annually ace a bewilderingnumber o obstacles, as do the service providers whose job it is to assist them.For the past six years, Vera has administered a nationwide program to im-prove legal services or unaccompanied immigrant children who are or havebeen in the custody o the ederal Oce o Reugee Resettlement. Through ourwork, we have learned a great deal about the path unaccompanied childrentake through the immigration enorcement process. This report seeks to de-scribe the steps along the path and to disseminate that inormation to a wideaudience.Oren RootDirector, Center on Immigration and Justice
 
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Contents
5Introduction6Background8Apprehension by DHS and Reerral to ORR13Intake, Placement, and Care in ORR Custody17Reuniying with a Sponsor in the United States22Immigration Proceedings and Legal Services28Outcomes or Unaccompanied Children30Conclusion31Appendix

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