of various human rights groups) cites 955 victimsof EJES between 2002-2007. The group estimates 236killings between July 2006 and June 2007. TheUNHCHR and human rights groups say this representsa sharp increase over the period 2000-2002, but thelack of detail regarding these case, especially inearlier years, makes this hard to document. Thehuman rights groups charge that many victims arecommunity leaders, and link the perceived increaseto the paramilitary demobilization. UNHCHRofficials and Fiscalia Human Rights unitprosecutors say they have no evidence to supportthese contentions, noting that most victimsconstitute young, poorly educated peasants. Still,UNHCHR says some EJE victims appear to have linksto the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia(FARC), Army of National Liberation (ELN) or othercriminal groups.
¶4. (C) Multiple factors account for EJES. TheUNHCHR 2006 annual human rights report voicedconcern that senior commanders' demands for"results" against illegally armed groups and theArmy's emphasis on combat kills (bajas) as ameasure of success encourage such killings. A 30%increase in forces since 2002, as well as atripling of combat operations and weak militarydisciplinary controls, also contribute. Thedifficulties in applying Colombia's civilian legalsystem to detainees in rural areas--or in manycases the lack of any civilian judicial presence at