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Published by: toshugo on Apr 12, 2013
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Creating a Lines Plan with Rhinoceros 3D
 by Dave Murrin (November 2007)The following document describes a method for creating a lines plan using the commercial software package Rhinoceros 3D. A rudimentary knowledge of ship terminology is assumed.Rhinoceros 3D is a stand-alone, commercial NURBS-based modeling tool developed by RobertMcNeel & Associates. It is commonly used for Industrial design, Marine design, Automotive design,CAD / CAM, and rapid prototyping. An evaluation version of the software (that is good for 25 saves)can be downloaded from the Rhino3D website:http://www.rhino3d.com/download.htm
The process of developing a lines plan is not set in stone. For example, one student may find it easier tostart with a shear plan, while others find it easier to develop the lines from a series of sections. In theend, the boat is a three-dimensional object and the lines represent the three-dimensional lines projectedonto an orthographic surface. The order is not important, since each of the lines define the shape of thehull.The lines plan consists of projections of the intersection of the hull with a series of mutually perpendicular planes. The points of intersection of these planes with the hull are projected onto theBody Plan, the Half-Breadth Plan, and the Sheer plan, as shown in Illustration1.(Source:www.nadn.navy.mil/NAOE/courses/en200/)We will start this tutorial from the general shape of the plan deck and develop the hull in the followingsequence:Part One1.plan deck shape2.profile of bow and hull bottom3.sheer line4.max beam line
 Illustration 1: Boat lines
5.Rough SurfacePart Two: Lines planPart Three1.Fairing the lines plan2.lofting the surface3.fairing the hull surfacePart Four: HydrostaticsWe will also be loosely basing our design on a canoe with the following specifications:LWL = 5.0m BWL = 1.2m, Design draft = 0.15m, capacity = 190 kg.
Part One – The Rough Surface
Step 1: The plan deck First create the centerline from 0,0,0 out to the right.Use “curve > interpolate points to draw a shearline plan, as shown inIllustration 2Turn edit points on (in the sidebar) and remove extra points. This smooths out the line. The line canalso be approximated using edit > rebuild, and selecting a fewer number of control points. Note thatthis technique will be used later to fair the surface. Note: for boats with a transom, this line should terminate at some distance away from the centerline,and a separate transom line should be drawn.Step 2Change to the top view and lift the plan curve created in step 1 to some distance above the assumed
 Illustration 2: The shear plan curve
waterline (i.e. the freeboard distance).As shown inIllustration 3, use “curve > interpolate points” again to draw the bow and underbody profile. Smooth the curves as before.Optional stepCreate the shear line profile view of the plan curve created in step 1.Use “curve > curve from two objects” and select the plan and profile shear curves. This will interpolatethe deck edge. Delete the unwanted curves and keep the deck curve (seeIllustration 4)
 Illustration 3: Raised plan curve Illustration 4: Shear line profile (optional)

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