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Table Of Contents

Introduction
A. MYSTICAL AGENTS
(ii) Witchcraft and sorcery
(x) Economic effects of witchcraft
c. Diviners and witch doctors
(i) Ritual contamination
(ii) Dreams and superstitions
C. CULT Of ThE ANCESTOR
D. LUYIA PERCEPTION Of GOD
A. PROTECTIVE MAGIC
(i) Divination
C. SUPPLICATION TO ANCESTRAL SPIRITS
(i) family sacrifices
(ii) Sacrificial shrines
(iii) Crying Stone of Ilesi
(i) Pregnancy
(xii) Weak and sickly infants
(xiii) Attitudes toward albinism
A. ORIGINS Of CIRCUMCISION
(iii) Circumcision legends
B. INITIATION RITUALS
1. Precircumcision rites
2. Day of circumcision
4. Graduation from the circumcision hut
5. Postinitiation visits
C. CIRCUMCISION AGE-GRADES
(v) Modern trends in circumcision
A. MATRIMONIAL MOTIVES
(i) Primary marriages
(i) Courtship
(ii) Dowry negotiations
(v) Traditional Luyia wedding
(vi) Consummating traditional matrimony
(vii) Economics of Luyia marriages
D. ANNULMENT OF MARRIAGE
A. PERCEPTION Of DEATh
(iv) Concept of heaven and hell
(v) Predeath rituals
B. fUNERAL RITES
(ii) Cultural significance of funeral bonfire
(v) The grave
(viii) Burial of unusual and special cases
f. Funeral oration (kumuse)
(iv) Widows’ mourning rituals
D. ECONOMICS Of LUYIA fUNERALS
(v) Calabashes
(vi) Basketry and weaving
(x) Modern crafts
B. hUNTING AND TRAPPING
reFerenCes
index
P. 1
Luyia of Kenya

Luyia of Kenya

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Published by Trafford
The Luyia, like other Africans subsumed by imperialist conquest, are groping in the dark to find new meaning to their lives. By emigrating from tribal territory to towns, Luyia tribesmen lost strong communal links that bonded traditional society in which security of the individual was assured. The real danger, however, is the infiltration of neo-capitalism in the remotest villages, sweeping away what little is left of the culture of a bygone era. The need to preserve our cultural resources for future generations is critical. Colonial institutions radically altered traditional governance, economic and magico-religious structures. Clan elders, hitherto the pseudo-legal centers of political authority, were either conscripted into colonial administration as chiefs or simply shunted aside. Supplication to cult of the ancestor was replaced by Christianity where clergy rather than sacrificial priests became principal representatives of the deity. And where men spent the day hunting to secure a family meal, they now had to seek waged employment and pay taxes. Although these forces of Western acculturation introduced positive benefits to traditional technological processes, they were largely responsible for uprooting a people from an environment they had lived for generations and adapted to suit their needs to one driven largely by opportunism and uncertainty.
The Luyia, like other Africans subsumed by imperialist conquest, are groping in the dark to find new meaning to their lives. By emigrating from tribal territory to towns, Luyia tribesmen lost strong communal links that bonded traditional society in which security of the individual was assured. The real danger, however, is the infiltration of neo-capitalism in the remotest villages, sweeping away what little is left of the culture of a bygone era. The need to preserve our cultural resources for future generations is critical. Colonial institutions radically altered traditional governance, economic and magico-religious structures. Clan elders, hitherto the pseudo-legal centers of political authority, were either conscripted into colonial administration as chiefs or simply shunted aside. Supplication to cult of the ancestor was replaced by Christianity where clergy rather than sacrificial priests became principal representatives of the deity. And where men spent the day hunting to secure a family meal, they now had to seek waged employment and pay taxes. Although these forces of Western acculturation introduced positive benefits to traditional technological processes, they were largely responsible for uprooting a people from an environment they had lived for generations and adapted to suit their needs to one driven largely by opportunism and uncertainty.

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Published by: Trafford on Apr 12, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781466983304
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09/16/2014

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9781466983304

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