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Truth, Falsehood, And Reciprocity in Pindar and Aeschylus

Truth, Falsehood, And Reciprocity in Pindar and Aeschylus

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Published by: herodotean_fan on Apr 12, 2013
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03/28/2014

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 Truth, Falsehood, and Reciprocity in Pindar and AeschylusArum Park A dissertation submitted to the faculty of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillin partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in theDepartment of Classics.Chapel Hill2009Approved by:Advisor: Peter M. SmithReader: James J. O’HaraReader: Owen E. GoslinReader: Cecil W. WootenReader: Sharon L. James
 
 ii© 2009Arum Park ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
 
 iiiAAAA
BSTRACTBSTRACTBSTRACTBSTRACT
 ARUM PARK: Truth, Falsehood, and Reciprocity in Pindar and Aeschylus(Under the direction of Peter M. Smith)The numerous studies of truth and falsehood in Greek thought are quite varied inscope and methodology but tend to fall into one of two categories: detailed word-studiesthat identify and explicate terms for truth and falsehood, usually in the poetry of Homer and Hesiod, or general explorations of the nature of truth and the processes for itsformation across Greek literature.This study seeks to fill the gaps left by these two approaches by combiningmeticulous examination of Aeschylus’ and Pindar’s terms for truth and falsehood with a broader discussion of how truth and falsehood operate in their poetry. The focus is on passages that explicitly mention truth and falsehood, an approach that generatesconclusions both about the use of these terms and about the influence of these conceptson a poet’s self-conscious purpose. The major claims are that Aeschylean and Pindarictruth and falsehood are generically determined concepts and are incorporated inrelationships or cycles of reciprocity integral to each poet’s genre.Thus truth and falsehood cannot be understood without adequate consideration of genre and purpose. As a praise poet, Pindar’s aims are twofold: he must convince hisaudience of his devotion to the person he is tasked with praising (the
laudandus 
), and hemust persuade them that his claims about the
laudandus 
are accurate. He thusincorporates truth into the relationship he constructs between himself and the
laudandus 

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