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Auckland Harbour Bridge SkyPath Cycle/Walking project: Important information on the structural integrity of the Auckland Harbour Bridge from NZTA

Auckland Harbour Bridge SkyPath Cycle/Walking project: Important information on the structural integrity of the Auckland Harbour Bridge from NZTA

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Published by George Wood
Worth a read as it points out that all is not plain cycling, at this stage.
Worth a read as it points out that all is not plain cycling, at this stage.

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: George Wood on Apr 12, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/14/2013

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Item8.1A
AucklandHarbourBridgePathwayStructuralFeasibilityStudySummary
ThePathwayWorkingGroup(PWG)hasproposedasharedfootway/cyclewayontheAucklandHarbourBridgetobesupportedfromtheeasternsideofthesouthboundextensionbridge.NZTAcommissionedBecatoassessthestructuralimplicationsoftheproposedPathwayonthebridgeseekingtofindafeasiblesolutionthatmaybetakenforwardfordesigndevelopment.PWGmembers,AireyConsultantsandCopelandAssociatesArchitectsdesignedthePathway.Becahasassessedtheloadeffectsontheboxgirderextensionbridge.ThissummaryoutlinesthescopeofthestructuralfeasibilitystudyandthekeyfindingsfromtheloadassessmentidentifyingfurtherstepsthatwillbenecessarytodevelopthePathwayproposal.Section1.0describesthestructuralloadassessmentcarriedoutinJune2011usingNZTAstandards.ThefindingsoftheassessmentwerethatunrestrictedloadingonthePathwaywouldexceedtheload-carryingcapacityofthebridgeoveraproposed20yearoperatingperiod.Section2.0describesapedestrianloadmanagementproposalbythePathwayWorkingGroupthatwouldallowusebylimitednumbersofpedestriansifNZTApermittedthisdeparturefromloadingstandards.TrafficloadingfromaSeptember2011studyandhistoricloaddatawasusedtopredictfuturetrafficloadgrowth.Theestimatesofallowablepedestriannumberswerebaseduponfutureloadgrowthpredictions.Section3.0describesthesensitivityoftheassessmenttopossiblevariationsinloadingandoutlinesfurtherdesigndevelopmentthatwillberequiredtotaketheprojectforwardtopreliminarydesignstage.Acrosssectionoftheproposedfootway/cyclewayisshowninFigure1below.
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Figure1.CrosssectionofAHBextensionbridgesupportingtheunder-slungPathway
1
3910504/AHBPathwayStructuralFeasibilityStudySummaryRev8(April2012)
 
1.0Scope
of
StructuralAssessment
ThepurposeoftheassessmentwastodeterminewhethertheboxgirderstructureswerecapableofcarryinglocalandglobalPathwayloadstogetherwithsouthboundtrafficloadingandtofeedbackfindingstothePathwayWorkingGroupsothatafeasiblesolutionsatisfyingNZTA'srequirementscouldbeidentified.ThestructuralloadassessmentwascarriedouttoNZTAstandardsascoveredbytheNZTABridgeManual.PathwaydeadloadswereprovidedbyAireyConsultantsbasedontheconceptdesign.Trafficloadingfortheassessmentwastakenfromabridgespecificassessmentliveloadforsouthboundtrafficfrom2005increasedby10%toaccountforchangesinheavyvehiclecontentandloadingsincethen.TheAssessmentLoadingwasappliedforthepurposesofthisstudybeforetheupdatedloadstudywasavailable.PedestrianliveloadswerederivedfromstandardBD37/01inaccordancewiththeBridgeManualasapplicabletosteelboxgirderbridges.LocalcrossgirderssupportingthePathwaywereassessedforshearandbendingeffectsusingpreviouslycalculatedgirderload-carryingcapacities.Globalloadeffectswerecalculatedandcomparedwiththecapacityofthebridgewhichwasstrengthenedin2010.Themostcriticalareasofthebridgeweretypicallythosethathadpreviouslybeenstrengthenedasmuchaspossible,andthesewerecheckedforanyincreaseinloadeffectsfromthePathwayloads.NZTArequiresatleast20yearsofforwardtrafficloadgrowthmarginforthesouthbound extensionbridgetoallowunrestrictedtrafficmovement.Toinvestigatepotentialfuturetraffic loadingin2031apredictionoffuturetrafficloadgrowthwasmadebyextrapolatingforwardfromhistoricalsouthboundtrafficloaddataandreportedintheSouthboundExtensionBridgeTrafficLoadStudy2011.Itwasfoundthatthe2031loadingcorrespondedtoapproximately10%trafficloadgrowthabovetheAssessmentLoading.ThefullscopeandfindingsoftheassessmentwasreportedintheAHBPathwayConceptStructuralAssessmentTechnicalReport.Asummaryisgivenbelow.
1.1StructuralAssessmentFindings
Arangeoffootway/cyclewayoptionswereassessedstartingwiththeproposed4mwidesharedusefootway!cycleway,followedbyasimilarfacilityreducedto3.2mwideoverthenavigationspanandadjacentspans,anda2.5mwideoption.Thecrossgirderswereassessedtohavesufficientlocalcapacitytosupportalloptions.Pierbracketswhichsupporttheboxgirderatpiers4,5and6werefoundtorequirestrengtheningtocaterforincreasedloadingsfromtrafficandPathwaycombined,Theboxgirderbridgestructurewasfoundtobemostcriticalinthemid-spanregionofthenavigationspanandalsotohavelimitedcapacityatpiers1and2.Piers3,4,5and6werealsofoundtohaveloadeffectsthatinsomeareaswereanticipatedtoexceedcapacities
23910504/AHBPathwayStructuralFeasibilityStudySummaryRev8(April2012)
 
Item8.1Awithinthefuture20yearperiod,however,itisrecognisedthattheseareascanbestrengthenedfurthertoincreaseload-carryingcapacity.Foralloptionsmostareasofthebridgewerefoundtohavesufficienttrafficloadgrowthmargins.However,thestructuralcapacityofcentreofthenavigationspanwasthelimitingfactorandassessmentfindingsdescribedinthissummaryrelateonlytothatcriticalareaofthebridge.The4.0mand3.2mwideoptionswerefoundnottosatisfyassessmentstandardsusingfullunrestrictedpedestrianloading.The2.5mwideoptionwasassessedtohaveatrafficload growthmarginrepresentingapproximately10yearsofestimatedtrafficloadgrowth.Thisoption,however,wasdeemedunacceptablebythePathwayGrouponaestheticsandoperationalsafetygrounds.Tosummarisetheassessmentfindingsforanunrestrictedaccesspathway: 4mwidepathwaywasfoundtohaveashortfallinbridgecapacityofapproximately
8%
ofAssessmentLoadingandashortfallof
18%
fortheanticipatedtrafficloadsin20313.2mwidepathwayoverspans1,2and3wasfoundtohaveashortfallinbridge capacityofapproximately1
%
ofAssessmentLoadingandashortfallof11
%
fortheanticipatedtrafficloadsin20312.5mwidepathwaywasfoundtocomplywithstandardsfortheAssessmentLoading buttohaveashortfallincapacityofapproximately4%fortheanticipatedtrafficloadsin2031Inconclusiontheboxgirderstructurewasfoundtohaveinsufficientcapacitytocarrythe AssessmentLoadingsforunrestrictedpedestrianuse.InordertofindanacceptablefeasiblesolutionthatprovidedtherequiredmarginforNZTA'sunrestrictedfutureoperationoftheAHBareductioninPathwayloadingwasfoundtobenecessary.
2.0PathwayGroupProposalforPedestrianLoadManagement
ThePathwayWorkingGroupproposeda4mwidePathwaywithcontrolofpedestrianloadingonthebridgebymanagingthetotalnumberofpeoplethatcanaccessthewalkway/cyclewayfacilityatanygiventime. ThePathwayisproposedtohavetollgatesandsecuritystaffcontrollingentryandexitfrom thebridge.ThetollgateswouldcountthenumberofpeopleonthePathwayandrestrict accessifthemaximumnumberwerereached.Itisproposedthatthefacilitywouldhave rules,signageandclosedcircuitTVinplacetoensurethatusersdonotcongregatein locationsotherthanonproposedobservationdecksatpiers. ThePathwaywouldhavetailsafesystemsenablingittobeclosedoffcompletelyatboth endsinextremeweathereventsorifotherissuesarose.
3
3910504/AHBPathwayStructuralFeasibilityStudySummaryRev8(April2012)

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