Chapter 1Introduction to Work Psychology, Organizational Behaviour and Human ResourceManagementOrigins in PsychologyBasic Psychology and Work Psychology
The 5 basic areas of psychology must necessarily map onto the many areas defined in terms of application. These include: clinical [biggest branch], occupational [second biggest branch],educational, health, forensic, legal, sport etc.. Similarly, each of the main applications areascan be mapped onto these basic 5 areas, as shown in table 1 for work/occupationalpsychology.
Table 1: 8 work psychology areas mapped onto 5 basic psychology areas in terms of levelof relevance.
basic psy 1 physiol 2 cognitive 3 develop 4 social 5 pers/IDareas of work psya selec/assess't basic lots none lots lotsb training basic lots some lots lotsc appraisal/career none some some lots lotsd OD/change none some some lots lotse human-machinesome lots none some somef counselling none some some some someg work design lots lots none lots lotsh employeerelationsnone lots none lots lotsSome examples of this mapping include:* anthropometry in equipment design; perception of noise at work [1g]* aptitude or personality testing at work [2a, 5a]* conflict resolution at work using OD techniques [4d, 5d]* sensitivity and social awareness training for managers [3b, 4b, 5b]Similarly, the main traditions in psychology have some relevance to areas of application inwork psychology, examples are given below, with comments:
BINAYAK SHANKAR, MPMIR, BHU.Page 3