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The Capital Structure Decisions of New Firms

The Capital Structure Decisions of New Firms

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According to this Kauffman Foundation study, nearly 75 percent of most firms' startup capital is made up in equal parts of owner equity and bank loans and/or credit card debt, underscoring the importance of liquid credit markets to the formation and success of new firms.
According to this Kauffman Foundation study, nearly 75 percent of most firms' startup capital is made up in equal parts of owner equity and bank loans and/or credit card debt, underscoring the importance of liquid credit markets to the formation and success of new firms.

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Published by: The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation on Mar 23, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/20/2011

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November 2008
Prepared By:
 Alicia M.Robb
UC Santa Cruz
David T.Robinson
Duke University
Second in a series of reports usingdata from the Kauffman Firm Survey
The Capital Structure
Decisions of New Firms
Kauffman
Firm Survey
The
 
The Capital StructureDecisions of New Firms
Second in a series of reportsusing data from the Kauffman Firm Survey
November 2008
© 2009 by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation. All rights reserved.
The authors are grateful to the Kauffman Foundation for generous financial support and to the participantsat the Kauffman/Cleveland Federal Reserve Bank Entrepreneurial Finance Pre-Conference for helpfulcomments on an earlier draft. The usual disclaimer applies.
Kauffman
Firm Survey
The
 
KAUFFMAN FIRM SURVEY 2:THE CAPITAL STRUCTURE DECISIONS OF NEW FIRMS1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
This paper investigates the capital structure choices that firms make in their initial year of operations, using restricted-access data from the Kauffman Firm Survey. Contrary to manyaccounts of startup activity, the firms in our data rely heavily on external debt sources, such asbank financing, and less heavily on friends and family-based funding sources. This striking factholds even when we purge each firm’s credit score of variation due to demand-side creditcharacteristics. The heavy reliance on external debt underscores the importance of well-functioning credit markets for the success of nascent business activity.
Section I:Introduction...........................................................................................................................................2Section 2:An Analytical Framework.....................................................................................................................4Section 3:The Kauffman Firm Survey..................................................................................................................6
Table 1: Business Characteristics......................................................................................................6Table 2: Cash Flow Characteristics of Startups in the KFS.................................................................7Table 3: Business Owner Demographics..........................................................................................8
Section 4:A New Pecking Order?.........................................................................................................................9 A detailed look at capital structure...............................................................................................................9Credit worthiness,technology,and pecking order......................................................................................9
Table 4: Sources of Financing for 2004 Startups.............................................................................10Table 5: A New Pecking Order?......................................................................................................11
Separating credit supply from credit demand...........................................................................................11
Table 6: Sources of Financing for 2004 Startups (Model 1 and Model 4)........................................13Table 7: Pecking Order Differences Between High-Access and Low-Access Firms.........................14
Section 5:Conclusions ........................................................................................................................................15References.............................................................................................................................................................16
 ABSTRACT

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