500,000 undocumented aliens illegally cross the border every year into Mexico from Central America.Many nations throughout the world lack adequateresources, people, and effective programs to putmuch of a dent in this scourge without assistance.Their lack of action critically impacts neighboringnations.There are a myriad of reasons why people leave theirhomelands for what they perceive to be greenerpastures. For the most part this probably can besummed up in financial opportunities that are widely thought to exist. As well, many fleeoppressive government regimes, and there are thosethat flee for their lives due to crime, murder, torture,kidnapping, extortion, and related robberies andcrimes of violence.
Furthermore, ineffective policing and the lack of therule of law is a motivator for quick and neededchange.
It is fact that drug trafficking contributes to asignificant percentage of the border problems. Over65 percent of all cocaine leaving South Americapasses through Central America to Mexican andU.S. markets. But it is also fact that many other violent crimes for massive profits now rival much of the drug trade, this as cocaine profits may be spreadthinner and, in part at least, the result of anti-druglaw enforcement and military cooperationthroughout most of the Americas.Regarding gangs and gang violence, last year theU.S. State Department estimated the overall numberof gang members in Central America at possibly 85,000 MS-13 and 18th Street gangsters in thenorthern triangle countries (El Salvador,Guatemala, and Honduras), this up from 70,000 in2005. Furthermore, homicide rates in Central America, some of the highest in the world, havegrown to what the UN Office on Drugs and Crimerates at the "near crisis point."