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AC Motors

# AC Motors

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Decent writeup of AC (induction) motors. Complete in types and function of various standard designs.
Decent writeup of AC (induction) motors. Complete in types and function of various standard designs.

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02/27/2013

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1
Introduction..............................................................................2AC Motors................................................................................4Force and Motion.....................................................................6Energy...................................................................................11Electrical Energy...................................................................13AC Motor Construction.........................................................17Magnetism.............................................................................23Electromagnetism.................................................................25Developing a Rotating Magnetic Field..................................31Rotor Rotation.......................................................................37Motor Specifications.............................................................42NEMA Motor Characteristics................................................46Derating Factors....................................................................54AC Motors and AC Drives....................................................56Matching AC Motors to the Load.........................................61Enclosures.............................................................................67Mounting...............................................................................71Siemens Motors...................................................................78Above NEMA Motors...........................................................83Review Answers...................................................................88Final Exam.............................................................................89

2
Introduction
Welcome to another course in the STEP 2000 series,
S
iemens
T
echnical
E
ducation
P
rogram, designed to prepare ourdistributors to sell Siemens Energy
&
Automation productsmore effectively. This course covers
AC Motors
and relatedproducts.Upon completion of
AC Motors
you should be able to:
Explain the concepts of force, inertia, speed, and torque
Explain the difference between work and power
Describe the construction of a squirrel cage AC motor
Describe the operation of a rotating magnetic field
Calculate synchronous speed, slip, and rotor speed
Plot starting torque, accelerating torque, breakdowntorque, and full-load torque on a NEMA torque curve
Apply derating factors as required by an application
Describe the relationship between V/Hz, torque, andhorsepower
Match an AC motor to an application and its load
Identify NEMA enclosures and mounting configurations
Describe Siemens Medallion, PE-21 Plus, verticalpump, and IEC motors
Describe torque characteristics and enclosures ofSiemens above NEMA motors

3This knowledge will help you better understand customerapplications. In addition, you will be better able to describeproducts to customers and determine important differencesbetween products. You should complete
Basics of Electricity
before attempting
AC Motors
. An understanding of many ofthe concepts covered in
Basics of Electricity
is required for
AC Motors
. You may also want to complete
Basics of ControlComponents
which discusses the application of controldevices for start, stop, and thermal protection of AC motors.If you are an employee of a Siemens Energy
&
Automationauthorized distributor, fill out the final exam tear-out card andmail in the card. We will mail you a certificate of completion ifyou score a passing grade. Good luck with your efforts.Medallion and PE-21 Plus are trademarks of Siemens Energy
&
Automation, Inc.National Electrical Code
®
and NEC
®
are registered trademarksof the National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269.Portions of the National Electrical Code are reprinted withpermission from NFPA 70-1996, National Electrical CodeCopyright, 1995, National Fire Protection Association, QuincyMA 02269. This reprinted material is not the complete andofficial position of the National Fire Protection Association onthe referenced subject which is represented by the standardin its entirety.Underwriters Laboratories Inc. is a registered trademark ofUnderwriters Laboratories Inc., Northbrook, IL 60062. Theabbreviation UL shall be understood to mean UnderwritersLaboratories Inc.National Electrical Manufacturers Association is located at2101 L. Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037. Theabbreviation NEMA is understood to mean NationalElectrical Manufacturers Association.