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TRIGONOMETRI I

TRIGONOMETRI I

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Published by Jogor Sinaga

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Published by: Jogor Sinaga on Mar 24, 2009
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04/28/2013

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Malang Study Club
Modul Matematika Kelas X Trigonometr
 
TRIGONOMETRI I
 
Pengertian Sinus, Cosinus, dan Tangen
 
Dalam koordinat Cartesius
sin A
yr
=
 
cos A
xr
=
 sin ATan Acos A
yx
= =
 
 
Dalam segitiga siku – sikusin A
yr
=
 cos A
xr
=
 sin ATan Acos A
yx
= =
 Ingat !!!
222
r x y
= +
 
 
Cosecan, secan, dan cotangen
-
 
1cosec Asin A
=
 
-
 
1sec Acos A
=
 
-
 
1cotan Atan A
=
 
Radian
Hubungan derajat dan radian
-
 
0
radian180
π 
=
 
-
 
0
1 radian180
π 
=
 
Perbandingan Trigonometri Sudut – sudut Istimewa
Sudut 0
0
30
0
45
0
60
0
90
0
 Sin 0
12
 
12
2
12
31Cos 1
12
3
12
2
12
 0Tan 0
13
313 
 
AryxP(x,y)Ayxr
 
Malang Study Club
Modul Matematika Kelas X Trigonometr
 
Perbandingan Trigonometri Sudut Berelasi
 
Pengertian Kuadran
 
Kuadran ISin (90 – x)
0
= cos xCos (90 - x)
0
= sin xTan (90 - x)
0
= cotan x
 
Kuadran IISin (180 – x)
0
= sin xCos (180 - x)
0
= - cos xTan (180 - x)
0
= - tan xSin (90 + x)
0
= cos xCos (90 + x)
0
= - sin xTan (90 + x)
0
= - cotan x
 
Kuadran IIISin (180 + x)
0
= - sin xCos (180 + x)
0
= - cos xTan (180 + x)
0
= tan xSin (270 - x)
0
= - cos xCos (270 - x)
0
= - sin xTan (270 - x)
0
= cotan x
 
Kuadran IVSin (360 - x)
0
= - sin xCos (360 - x)
0
= cos xTan (360 - x)
0
= - tan xSin (270 + x)
0
= - cos xCos (270 + x)
0
= sin xTan (270 + x)
0
= - cotan xSin (-x) = - sin xCos (- x) = cos xTan (- x) = - tan xSin (x + k.360
0
) = sin xCos (x + k.360
0
) = cos xTan (x + k.360
0
) = tan x
Persamaan Trigonometri Sederhana
Sin f(x) = sin af(x) = a + k.360
0
atau f(x) = (180 – a)
0
+ k.360
0
 Cos f(x) = cos af(x) = a + k.360
0
atau f(x) = - a + k.360
0
 Tan f(x) = tan af(x) = a + k.180
0
 dengan k adalah bilangan bulat
Kuadran I
(90-x)
0
 
Kuadran II
(90+x)
0
 Atau(180-x)
0
Kuadran III
(270-x)
0
 Atau180+x
0
Kuadran IV
(270+x)
0
 Atau360-x
0
x
 
y
 
Semua (+)Sin (+)Tan (+) Cos (+)
AtauAtauAtau
 
Malang Study Club
Modul Matematika Kelas X Trigonometr
 
Koordinat Cartesius dan Koordinat Polar
 
Koordinat Cartesius/Cartesian (x,y)
 
Koordinat kutub/polar (r,
α
)
 
Hubungan :
-
 
x = r cos
α
 
-
 
y = r sin
α
 
-
 
22
r x y
= +
 
-
 
tan
yx
α 
=
 
Identitas Trigonometri
Sin
2
a + cos
2
a = 11 + tan
2
a = sec
2
a1 + cotan
2
a = cosec
2
a
Aturan Segitiga
 
Aturan sinussinsinsin
a b cA B C
= =
 
 
Aturan cosinus
222
2cos
a b c bc A
= +
 
222
2cos
b a c ac B
= +
 
222
2cos
c a b ab C
= +
 
 
Rumus luas segitiga
111222
sinsinsin
ABC
L ab C ac B bc A
= = =
 abcABC

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