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TRIGONOMETRI I

# TRIGONOMETRI I

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04/28/2013

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Malang Study Club
Modul Matematika Kelas X Trigonometr

TRIGONOMETRI I

Pengertian Sinus, Cosinus, dan Tangen

Dalam koordinat Cartesius
sin A
yr
=

cos A
xr
=
sin ATan Acos A
yx
= =

Dalam segitiga siku – sikusin A
yr
=
cos A
xr
=
sin ATan Acos A
yx
= =
Ingat !!!
222
r x y
= +

Cosecan, secan, dan cotangen
-

1cosec Asin A
=

-

1sec Acos A
=

-

1cotan Atan A
=

-

0
π
=

-

0
π
=

Perbandingan Trigonometri Sudut – sudut Istimewa
Sudut 0
0
30
0
45
0
60
0
90
0
Sin 0
12

12
2
12
31Cos 1
12
3
12
2
12
0Tan 0
13
313

AryxP(x,y)Ayxr

Malang Study Club
Modul Matematika Kelas X Trigonometr

Perbandingan Trigonometri Sudut Berelasi

0
= cos xCos (90 - x)
0
= sin xTan (90 - x)
0
= cotan x

0
= sin xCos (180 - x)
0
= - cos xTan (180 - x)
0
= - tan xSin (90 + x)
0
= cos xCos (90 + x)
0
= - sin xTan (90 + x)
0
= - cotan x

0
= - sin xCos (180 + x)
0
= - cos xTan (180 + x)
0
= tan xSin (270 - x)
0
= - cos xCos (270 - x)
0
= - sin xTan (270 - x)
0
= cotan x

0
= - sin xCos (360 - x)
0
= cos xTan (360 - x)
0
= - tan xSin (270 + x)
0
= - cos xCos (270 + x)
0
= sin xTan (270 + x)
0
= - cotan xSin (-x) = - sin xCos (- x) = cos xTan (- x) = - tan xSin (x + k.360
0
) = sin xCos (x + k.360
0
) = cos xTan (x + k.360
0
) = tan x
Persamaan Trigonometri Sederhana
Sin f(x) = sin af(x) = a + k.360
0
atau f(x) = (180 – a)
0
+ k.360
0
Cos f(x) = cos af(x) = a + k.360
0
atau f(x) = - a + k.360
0
Tan f(x) = tan af(x) = a + k.180
0
(90-x)
0

(90+x)
0
Atau(180-x)
0
(270-x)
0
Atau180+x
0
(270+x)
0
Atau360-x
0
x

y

Semua (+)Sin (+)Tan (+) Cos (+)
AtauAtauAtau

Malang Study Club
Modul Matematika Kelas X Trigonometr

Koordinat Cartesius dan Koordinat Polar

Koordinat Cartesius/Cartesian (x,y)

Koordinat kutub/polar (r,
α
)

Hubungan :
-

x = r cos
α

-

y = r sin
α

-

22
r x y
= +

-

tan
yx
α
=

Identitas Trigonometri
Sin
2
a + cos
2
a = 11 + tan
2
a = sec
2
a1 + cotan
2
a = cosec
2
a
Aturan Segitiga

Aturan sinussinsinsin
a b cA B C
= =

Aturan cosinus
222
2cos
a b c bc A
= +

222
2cos
b a c ac B
= +

222
2cos
c a b ab C
= +

Rumus luas segitiga
111222
sinsinsin
ABC
L ab C ac B bc A
= = =
abcABC