the two objects.Newton’s equations also took into account thefact that objects have two kinds of masses: inertialmass that resists motion and gravitational mass thatencourages motion. He wrote another equationillustrating that for any object, the two types of masses—gravitational mass and inertial mass—areequal. Einstein would return to this idea in hisgeneral theory of relativity, wherein he made theequality of inertia and gravitational masses a keypoint. The curious behavior of objects in space capsules,which we call weightlessness, works on the sameprinciple. The astronaut, his sandwich, and his drinkall float together, apparently without gravity. Butgravity is still pulling on the astronaut, and thecapsule, and the sandwich. They respond accordingto their inertia, and the two effects cancel each otherout.Newton’s work was vital to the evolution of modern physics.Newton's third law-" To every action, there is equaland opposite reaction".
Wave Phenomena in General
When we speak of waves, we generally think of thosewe see in the water, but there are in fact twodifferent kinds. We have already discussed this in thecontext of the transmission of seismic waves throughthe Earth’s interior but it is so important that I repeatsome of that discussion here.
which I demonstratedwith a `slinky toy' in class, consist of