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HX sol

HX sol

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Published by: Sathesh Varghese Philip on Apr 15, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The basis of classification of HX is as follows:
Contacting Technique
Flow arrangement
Surface Compactness2.
Four major applications are in
Waste-heat recovery
Metallurgical n Manufacturing apps3.
Surface area density must be greater than 700 m
Multi-pass HXs are preferred in day-to-day life because in theseexchangers pressure drop will be so high and give higher heat transfer coefficient as compared to single pass and this is desired for the proper functioning and usage of exchangers.5.
LMTD is used as a driving force in the cases where temperaturedistribution is not uniform with respect to time. Thats why an average parameter is introduced to ease the complexity of the operation of HXs.Limitations of LMTD are:
LMTD should not be used when U changes appreciably or whenthe temperature difference is not a linear function of q.
It is also incorrect when heat is transferred to or from a reactingfluid in a jacketed reactor.6.
Selection of the material for the shell depends on namely,
Corrosiveness nature of the working fluid
Working temperature and pressure7.
Refer book..can
t draw here..!!!
The heat transfer resistance offered by the formation of scale or a depositon a heat transfer surface is called fouling factor. The fouling factor iszero for a new heat exchanger. It increases over the period of operation,and the tubes have to be cleaned after certain time. While desigining, avalue of the fouling factor has to be included as an additional resistanceto heat exchanger.9.
A) Multi-pass HX B) Plate type C) Tubular D) Extended surface10.
Parallel flow is used in situations in which it is necessary to change thetemperature of one fluid very rapidly, such as when quenching a hot fluidfrom a chemical reactor to stop further reactions.11.
Baffle is a metal plate in the form of the segment of a circle having holesto accommodate tubes.Two important functions are as:
To cause changes in the flow pattern of the shell fluid creating parallel or cross flow to the tube bundle, thus increasing turbulence
To support the tubes12.
Counter-current flow is preferred in industries because from thetemperature profile it is clear that there is uniform rate of change in thetemperatures of the working fluids with respect to the distance in counter-current whereas in parallel flow the difference between the two curves isnot uniform signifying non-uniform rate of change in the temperatures.13.
Parallel flow
area required is
 Counter flow
area required is

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