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Makalah Inggris Tenses

Makalah Inggris Tenses

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Published by: Meizar Noorrizal Wiriadinata on Apr 16, 2013
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11/27/2013

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Tenses
Present Continuous & Future (will/shall) + going to
10G : Alvin Septian (3) ; Hansen Kristian (15) ; John Kevin (19)
 
Tenses | Present Continuous & Future (will/shall) + going to Page 1
Present Continuous Tense
Base Form :Examples:
 
You
are watching
TV.
 
Are
you
watching
TV?
 
You
are not watching
TV.The present continuous tense (real present), is a better introduction to the verb than the simplepresent. The verb
be
is already known the
 –
ing
form of the verb is regular, and statements andquestions in this tense have immediate practical value. It is obvious that the form
Do you write? Doyou catch the chalk? Do you go to the door? 
cannot be easily practiced, whereas the form Are youwriting, going to the door, speaking, etc., can.Key Differences from Present Simple TensePresent Simple Present ContinuousHabitual actions, General truths The real presentNot necessarily NOW Occurs NOW, in this momentNote : The
present continuous tense can also be used when explaining an event which aren’t being
done at the time of speaking but being done and the process is still continuing (not happening atthat time, but the process is still effective), example :
I’m now workin
g at a mall. (You can say this sentence anytime as long as you still work there)He is reading a novel called Twilight at the time being. (Maybe he is not reading at the timeof speaking, but he is currentlyreading the novel)Uses of Present Continuous Tense can be varied into 5 uses, which are :
1.
 
Events which occurs now (At the time of speaking)
Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happeningnow, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.
Subject + am/is/are (to be) + Verb
-ing 
 
 
Tenses | Present Continuous & Future (will/shall) + going to Page 2Examples:
 
You
are learning
English now.
 
You
are not swimming
now.
 
Are
you
sleeping
?
 
I
am sitting
.
 
I
am not standing
.
 
Is
he
sitting
or
standing
?
 
They
are reading
their books.
 
They
are not watching
television.
 
What
are
you
doing
?
 
Why
aren't
you
doing
your homework?
2.
 
Longer Actions in Progress Now
 In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on.Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer actionwhich is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second.Examples: (All of these sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant.)
 
I
am studying
to become a doctor.
 
I
am not studying
to become a dentist.
 
I
am reading
the book
Tom Sawyer.
 
 
Are
you
working
on any special projects at work?
 
Aren't
you
teaching
at the university now?
3.
 
Near Future (Also called Present Progressive)
Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happenin the near future.

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