Parker 1Angelica Parker Professor JaimezPshyc 1 MW 2-3:304 March 2009Exam #1 Essay Questions:
A scientific attitude is the attitude that scientists use as their approach to the scientificmethod for getting answers and developing theories. Three essential components of thisattitude are curiosity, humility, and skepticism. Curiosity is a passion to explore andunderstand all aspects of whatever it is that needs to be studied. Curiosity is important ingathering evidence that will be examined in the scientific method. Next, humility is anawareness of our own human error, and having an openness to sometimes be wrong and getcorrected. Humility respects the evidence collected and is willing and able to use allevidence whether or not it supports any preconceptions. Lastly, skepticism is a willingness tochallenge any doubts by putting them to the test. Skepticism allows for corrections to bemade and new discoveries to be discovered.It is important to approach the scientific method with a scientific attitude. All of thecomponents of the scientific attitude allow for evidence to be gathered, a willingness to becorrected, and a willingness to challenge any doubts. In addition, some of the components of the scientific attitude can also be put together for an even greater effect. For example,curiosity and skepticism can be put together to form curious skepticism. Curious Skepticismis always seeking, asking, and dwelling on questions like whatdo you mean and how? Thesetwo components and many of the other components together work in such a way that thescientific method is truly effective.
The body’s second and slower chemical communication system is the endocrine system,which uses a set of glands to secrete hormones into the bloodstream. These secretedhormones effect and influence human influence in things like sex, food, and aggression. Inaddition, other aspects of human lives such as growth, metabolism, mood, and responding tothings like stress are involved with the endocrine system. Hormones travel though the bloodstream and affect other tissues, glands, and the brain. The glands that are infected byhormones are the pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands. Moreover, the hypothalamus in the brain, the parathyroid’s, and testis/ovary are also a part of the endocrine system.The most influential gland in the system is the pituitary glad that regulates growth andcontrols other endocrine glands. The hypothalamus is the region inside the brain thatinfluences and controls the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is a pea-sized gland that islocated in the core of the brain. The adrenal glands are located on the top of the kidneys andare responsible for helping in triggering the “flight or fight” response. The thyroid glandaffects metabolism and other aspects, and the parathyroid’s help regulate the level of calciumin the bloodstream. The pancreas regulates the level of sugar in the blood.
Twin and adoption studiesare used to understand the effect of genetic contribution tohuman behavior. These studies allow scientists to separate the influences of environment and