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II sem (csvtu) Mathematics Unit 2 (Linear Differential Equation )Solustions

# II sem (csvtu) Mathematics Unit 2 (Linear Differential Equation )Solustions

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Previous Years Solutions from 2006-2012 for both summer and winter
Previous Years Solutions from 2006-2012 for both summer and winter

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04/16/2013

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Prepared by Mrityunjoy Dutta
Unit II – Differential Equations of higher order
April -May, 2006
1.

Solve:
2232
2cos2
x x
d yy xe e xdx

Ans:
223
2cos2
x x
D y xe e x
-----------
(1)
Here Auxiliary equation is
2
202
D D i
So,
cos2sin2
h
y A x B x

232
1..cos22
x xp
PI y xe e xD

3222
11cos2(3)2(1)2
x xp
y e x e xD D

3222
11cos211236111
xxp
ey x e xD DD D

3222
11cos2611423111
xxp
ey x e xD DD

23223222
6662131...cos2111112113314169
xxp
D D D De D D Dy x e xD

3222
61362131...cos21111111214169
xxp
e D Dy D x e xD

3222
6472131...cos2111112144169
xxp
e D Dy D x e x

32
6472132200...cos21111121233
xxp
e Dy x x e x
   

32
12944sin213cos21111121233
x xp
e x ey x x x
So, Solution
h p
y y y

32
1294cos2sin24sin213cos21111121233
x x
e x ey A x B x x x x

Prepared by Mrityunjoy Dutta
2.

Solve:
323232
12210()
d y d yx x y xdx dx x

Ans:
323232
12210
d y d yx x y xdx dx x
-------------
(1)
Let

log
z
x e z x

So,
232323
','('1),'('1)('2)
dy d y d yx D x D D y x D D D ydx dx dx
where
'
dDdz
Putting all these values in (1) we get
'('1)('2)2'('1)210()
z z
D D D D D y e e

32
''210()
z z
D D y e e
   
-------
(2)Its auxiliary equation is
32
20
m m

2
(1)(22)0
m m m

241,2
m
 

1,1
m i
So,
..cossin)
z zh
CF y Ae e B z C z

..cos(log)sin(log)
h
AC F y x B x C xx
-------------
(3)Now,
32
1..10()''2
z zp
PI y e eD D

3232
111010''2''2
z zp
y e eD D D D

3232
111010(1)112('1)('1)2
z zp
y e eD D

2
1510(1)'('4'5)
z zp
y e eD D D

Prepared by Mrityunjoy Dutta
12
1415101''(1)5'55
z zp
y e e D DD

14521'.....(1)'5
z zp
y e e DD

152(1)'
z zp
y e eD

52
z zp
y e ze

2log5
p
xy xx
So, Solution
h p
y y y

2logcos(log)sin(log)5
A xy x B x C x xx x
(Ans)

3.

Solve the following simultaneous equation:
2,2,2
dx dy dzy z xdt dt dt

(Ans.) The given equation is:
2
dxydt
………..(1),
2..........(2)
dyzdt
,
2..........(3)
dzxdt
Differentiating (1)w . r. “t.”, we get
22
22(2)
d x dyzdt dt
using(2)Differentiating again w. r. t. “t”,, we get
33
44(2)
d x dzxdt dt

332212321232321233212
(8)0,80(2)()24)02,13cos(3)1212cos(3)3sin(3)222coscos(3)sinsin(3)33cos3
t tt t tt tt t
dD x whereDdtD or D D DD ix ce ce t cdxydtce ce t c c e t cce ce t c t cce ce t

3
23
c
