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An Explanation of the Four Rules Regarding Shirk

An Explanation of the Four Rules Regarding Shirk

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Published by Mountainofknowledge
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Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vI0-ltznoFU

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Published by: Mountainofknowledge on Apr 16, 2013
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Page | 1 - Explanation of the Four Rules Regarding Shirk: Shaykh
Sālih bin Muhammad Al
-
Luhaydān
 
Explanation of the Four Rules Regarding Shirk
Of Imām Muhammad bin 'Abdul
-
Wahāb By
 
Shaykh Sālih bin Muhammad Al
-
Luhaydān:
 
Translation adapted from Al-Ibaanah Book Publishing
 
All prai
se is due for Allāh. We praise H
im, we seek His assistance and ask for His forgiveness.
And we seek refuge with Allāh from the evils of ourselves and the evils of our actions. WhoeverAllāh
guides, there is no one that can lead him astray, and whoever is led astray, there is noguide for him.
I bear witness that there is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except Allāh alone and
with no partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad
is His slave, close friend and
Messenger. He was the most sincere of creation towards Allāh's creatures and the most pious of them in every statement and action. May Allāh
send His peace and praises upon him, his family,his Companions and those who follow them in goodness until the Day of Resurrection.
We Ask Allāh by His Names and Attributes to make us all from those who follow him
 sincerely and love him and his Companions, and ask that He grant us benefit due to this in thisworldly life as well as in the Hereafter. All praise is for
Allāh the Lord of the Ālamīn
.
The Imām, the Reviver Imām Muhammad ibn 'Abdul
-
Wahāb
-
May Allāh have mercy on him
-said:
"With the Name of Allāh, the Most 
-Gracious the Most-Merciful.
 
I ask Allāh, the Most 
-Generous, Lord of the Great Throne to protect you in this world and the Hereafter, and tomake you blessed wherever you may be. And (I ask) that He make you from those whowhen they are given they are thankful; when they are tested they are patient; and whenthey sin, they se
ek forgiveness (from Allāh). For Indeed these three characteristics are
the true signs of prosperity."
 
With the Name of Allāh, the Most 
-Gracious the Most-Merciful. This is a supplication from theShaykh ul-
Islām
 
and reviver of the Call, which is due to the Grace of Allāh
and then hisefforts in propagating; the first country upon a Salafi Creed was formed in the Arab Peninsula.
 
As I indicated previously, there was never a day whether in the times of the Days of Ignorance
or after Islām that there existed an independent country in the area of Najd. Instead, during the
time of the rightly-
guided caliphates, control of it was connected to Madīnah and during the ruleof 'Alī there was no real stability there,
even though it was under the Caliphate.
 
Afterward,
control of it was passed onto Basrah or to the ruler of 'Irāq since Al
-
Hajāj held authority over Al
-
Yamāmah and all the regions that it covered.
But due to this pure Call, which invites to the Way of the Salaf, a country was established that 
called to Tawhīd and taught people to worship Allāh alone. This came at a time when Shirk was
widespread throughout the Arabian Peninsula since people would seek blessings from graves
and ask false gods besides Allāh t 
o fulfil their requests in many instances.
 
This was when Allāh
saved Najd and the whole Arabian Peninsula in general.
 
Page | 2 - Explanation of the Four Rules Regarding Shirk: Shaykh
Sālih bin Muhammad Al
-
Luhaydān
 
Afterward, this blessed Call was conveyed to areas outside of the Arabian Peninsula. So it 
reached India, Shām, 'Irāq and the far West (i.
e. Morocco and Spain) and it had a great effect onthem.
 
And all praise is for Allāh, the impact of this Call continued to have an effect in these
regions. Every time a ruler would leave and his dynasty would dwindle or disappear, even if fora short while
, such that there would be no ruler for this country of Tawhīd, the effect if the
Creed would continue to remain within the rural and urban areas of the Peninsula.
 
So theShaykh,
Imām,
reviver,
may Allāh have mercy on him, had a great effect.
 In his introduction to these four rules he asks his Lord to make the student of knowledge fromamong those who when they are given something are thankful. Being thankful for one's blessingleads to the continuity of these blessings and the receipt of more of them, while it's opposite,which is being ungrateful for one's blessings, leads to their termination.
 
Allāh says,
"Andremember when your Lord proclaimed: 'If you give thanks (by accepting Faith and
worshipping none but Allāh)
, I will give you more. But if you are ungrateful, verily My
punishment is indeed severe'." [Surah Ibrāhīm
: 14:7].
The author mentions three traits and they are (1) being grateful for one's blessings, (2) patient during times of tribulation, and (3) seeking forgiveness for one's sins. And
he asks Allāh to grant 
you these three characteristics.
If Allāh blesses someone with a healthy body or removes a hardship
from him or gives himsome provision, offspring, marriage or any other desirable thing that is permissible, he shouldknow that it c
omes from Allāh's bounty and generosity and rush to thank and praise Him for
having blessed him.
 
This is since no one brings about good except for Him and no one repelsevil except for Him and no one repels evil except for Him. So he should give thanks to his Lord.
 
Gratitude is expressed through speech and action. One can show thanks through speech by
praising and thanking Allāh for what He has given him, and through action by giving away
money if he has it, hoping that it will increase his wealth since charity does not decrease one'swealth.
And if the blessing he has is knowledge, he should teach people good things, hoping that Allāh
will reward him for it. He should pass on to others the good that he enjoys since a person doesnot truly believe until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.If the blessing he has comes in the form of a healthy body, he should spend his free time doing
good things that Allāh loves and is pleased with. This is so that he will not be from among those
who take their blessings for granted. The Prophet 
said,
"Free time and good health are
two blessings (from Allāh) that many people take for granted." [Bukhārī: 6412]
 So when a servant praises and thanks his L
ord, he will be blessed in what Allāh gives him from
wealth, knowledge, health, family and children. When his sins, he knows that he will be heldaccountable for it and that he has a Lord that will Judge him for his sins, so he rushes to Him andseeks His forgiveness.
 
And what comes in the [Qudsī] Hadīth [Allāh says],
"My servant commits a sin and knows
 
that he has a Lord that will recompense the
 
sin, so he seeks Hisforgiveness & He forgives
 
him." [Bukhārī: 7507 and Muslim: 2758]
 Forgiveness is one of the greatest things a servant can achieve. No person sits in a gatheringwhich ends in seeking forgiveness for one's sins except that it serves as expiation for his sins.That is if that gathering was for a social occasion, but if the gathering was a gathering of goodthis seeking of forgiveness at the end serves as a seal, which is stamped upon him to the point that there will be no harm upon him. So when he sins, he seeks forgiveness.Look at the example of the Prophet 
.
 
Even
though Allāh forgave his past and future sins, the
Companions estimated that he
 
would seek Allāh's forgiveness and repent to Him a hundred
 
Page | 3 - Explanation of the Four Rules Regarding Shirk: Shaykh
Sālih bin Muhammad Al
-
Luhaydān
 
times in one sitting. [Reported by At-
Tirmithī: 3434, Ibn Mājah: 3814 and Shaykh Al
-
Albānī said
it was authentic].
 
If a person is tested by some predicament, calamity or misfortune befalling him, he should know
that this is due to Allāh's Divine Decree and Pre
-Ordainment. And he should know that no one
can remove this trial except Allāh.
 
He must acknowledge that he belongs to Allāh and thus
humble himself with patience, and speak with words that Al
lāh will reward with good, such as:"Verily, we belong to Allāh and to Him we shall return" and "We are part of His creation and
dominion and the Owner whose dominion is unrestricted is not to be asked concerning what Hedoes with His dominion. To him belongs the administration of the affairs of this dominion."
 
The dominion and ownership of human beings is limited. People do not own and controlsomething unrestrictedly. It is restricted, similar to a slave. A slave owns his food so that he caneat it, but t 
his ownership is limited. As for the creation, all of them are slaves of Allāh.
And as forHis dominion and what He owns, He is not to be asked about what He does, whereas His
servants will be questioned. However, Allāh is the All
-Wise, the One whose administration andmanagement of the affairs of His creation is not haphazard and arbitrary, but rather, based onprofound wisdom and knowledge that encompasses everything.
 
Shaykh al-
Islām says,
"...when they are tested they are patient; and when they sin they seek 
forgiveness (from Allāh)." These things will allow you to achieve complete happiness andprosperity. So we ask Allāh, the Most Generous, that all of us may be from those who Allāh
relieves from trials and tribulations and from those who He gives to. We
ask Allāh to grant us
the ability to be grateful for what He has given us. And we ask Him to grant us the ability tocontinuously seek His forgiveness so that we may achieve what He has prepared for those whoseek His forgiveness.
"Know, may Allāh direct 
you to His obedience, that the pure and upright religion of 
Ibrāhīm is that you worship Allāh alone, making the Religion sincere for only Him, as Allāh says, "And I (Allāh) did not create the Jinn and Mankind except to worship Me
(Alone)." [Surah Adh-
Dhāriyāt: 51:56]
 
The pure and upright religion of Ibrāhīm (Hanīfiyyah) is that which has not deviation in it. It isan open Hanīfiyyah, which means that people worship their Lord alone without associating any
partners with Him.
So Hanīfiyyah means to worship Allāh alone and not associate partners with Him, since whoeverassociates partners with Allāh whilst performing a deed, Allāh abandons him and his Shirk.
As
He says in a (Qudsī) Hadīth:
"I am the most free of all partners from Shirk (polytheism).Whoever performs a deed in which he associates Me with others, I abandon him and hisShirk." [Muslim: 2985].
 Furthermore, Shirk poses a great danger as it is a sin that is not forgiven unless one repents tohis Lord for it before he dies. If one dies upon major Shirk there is no hope that he will beforgiven; he will reside in Hell forever. It is possible for every sin to be forgiven except Shirk.[
Allāh says,
]
"Verily Allāh does not forgive that partners be set up with Him (in worship),
but He forgives what is less than that to whom He Wills." [Surah An-
Nisā': 4:48].
 [And He says,]
"Verily, whoever sets up partners (in worship) with Allāh, Allāh has
forbidden Paradise to him, and the Fire will be his abode. And the wrongdoers will haveno supporters." [Surah al-
Mā'i
dah: 5:72].
 No Messenger was sent during any period of time in which human beings existed except that he
ordered the people to worship Allāh alone and forbade them from Shirk, ever since the time of (Prophet) Nūh, since Shirk only came about after Ādam and
 
lasted for as long as Allāh willed. So
when the people fell upon Shirk 
, Allāh sent Nūh to call them to Allāh's Religion. The story of Nūh

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