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II sem (csvtu) Mathematics Unit 5 (Theory of Equations )Solustions

# II sem (csvtu) Mathematics Unit 5 (Theory of Equations )Solustions

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Previous Years Solutions from 2006-2012 for both summer and winter
Previous Years Solutions from 2006-2012 for both summer and winter

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04/16/2013

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Prepared by Mrityunjoy Dutta
Unit V – Theory Of EquationsApril -May, 2006
1.

If O, A, B, C are the four point on a straight line such that the distance of A, B and C fromO are the roots of the equation
32
330
ax bx cx d
. If B is the middle point of AC s

howthat
33
320
a d abc b
Ans . Let us assume
,,

are the roots of the equation
32
330
ax bx cx d
and
,,
OA OB OC


According to the given condition
  

2

--------------
(1)
According to the property of roots
Now,
3
ba

--------------
(2)
3
ca

------------
(3)
da

-------------
(4)From 2 and 3 we will have
33
b ba a

-------------
(5)

33
c ca a

From 1
22
3322
c b ca a a


22
32
c ba a

-------------
(6)

Prepared by Mrityunjoy Dutta
again from 4 we have
da


da


From 5 and 6 we have
22
32
b c b da a a a
By solving above we will have
22
32
ca bb da
Hence we will have
33
320
a d abc b

2.

Solve by Cardan’s method of equation
32
330
x x
.Ans:
32
330
x x
--------------
(1)
Here we can remove second term of equation (1) by diminishing its roots by
3131
bhna
We can diminished each root by 1 by synthetic division methodHence the transformed equation is
3
310
y y
---------
(2)where
1
y x
Let
1/31/3
y p q
be the solution of equation (2).

Prepared by Mrityunjoy Dutta
31/31/31/31/3
3
y p q p q p q

31/31/3
3
y p q p q y
 

31/31/3
3()0
y p q y p q
-------------
(3)By comparing equation (2) and (3) we get
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1,()1
p q p q

1,()1
pq p q
So, p and q are the roots of the equation
2
10
t t

1141322
it
.So, let
1313,22
i ip q
.So roots of given cubic equation (1) are(i)

1/31/31/31/3
131322
i ip q

1/31/3
2222cossincossin3333
i i


2222cossincossin9999
i i

 

22cos9

(ii)

1/31/31/321/3
131313132222
i i i iwp wq

4/34/3
131322
i i