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II sem (csvtu) Mathematics Unit 5 (Theory of Equations )Solustions

II sem (csvtu) Mathematics Unit 5 (Theory of Equations )Solustions

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Published by Mrityunjoy Dutta
Previous Years Solutions from 2006-2012 for both summer and winter
Previous Years Solutions from 2006-2012 for both summer and winter

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Published by: Mrityunjoy Dutta on Apr 16, 2013
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04/16/2013

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 Prepared by Mrityunjoy Dutta
Unit V – Theory Of EquationsApril -May, 2006
1.
 
If O, A, B, C are the four point on a straight line such that the distance of A, B and C fromO are the roots of the equation
32
330
ax bx cx d
. If B is the middle point of AC s
 
howthat
33
320
a d abc b
 Ans . Let us assume
,,
 
are the roots of the equation
32
330
ax bx cx d
and
,,
OA OB OC
 
 
According to the given condition
   
 
2
 
--------------
(1) 
According to the property of roots
Now,
3
ba
 
--------------
(2)
3
ca
 
------------
(3)
da
 
-------------
(4)From 2 and 3 we will have
33
b ba a
 
-------------
(5)
 
33
c ca a
 
 From 1
22
3322
c b ca a a
 
 
22
32
c ba a
 
-------------
(6)
 
 Prepared by Mrityunjoy Dutta
again from 4 we have
da
 
 
da
 
 
From 5 and 6 we have
22
32
b c b da a a a
 By solving above we will have
22
32
ca bb da
 Hence we will have
33
320
a d abc b
 
2.
 
Solve by Cardan’s method of equation
32
330
x x
.Ans:
32
330
x x
--------------
(1)
Here we can remove second term of equation (1) by diminishing its roots by
3131
bhna
 We can diminished each root by 1 by synthetic division methodHence the transformed equation is
3
310
y y
---------
(2)where
1
y x
 Let
1/31/3
y p q
be the solution of equation (2).
 
 Prepared by Mrityunjoy Dutta
31/31/31/31/3
3
y p q p q p q
 
31/31/3
3
y p q p q y
 
 
31/31/3
3()0
y p q y p q
-------------
(3)By comparing equation (2) and (3) we get
1/31/3
1,()1
p q p q
 
1,()1
pq p q
 So, p and q are the roots of the equation
2
10
t t
 
1141322
it
.So, let
1313,22
i ip q
.So roots of given cubic equation (1) are(i)
 
1/31/31/31/3
131322
i ip q
 
1/31/3
2222cossincossin3333
i i
 
 
2222cossincossin9999
i i
 
 
 
22cos9
 
 (ii)
 
1/31/31/321/3
131313132222
i i i iwp wq
 
4/34/3
131322
i i
 

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