This LSU studywasfundedbytheMineralsManagement ServicesU. S. Department of theInterior,Washington, D.C., under Contract Number 14-35-001-30749. This report hasbeenreviewedbytheMineralsManagement Serviceandapprovedfor publication. Approval doesnot signifythat thecontentsnecessarilyreflect theviewsandpolicyof theService, nor doesmentionof tradenamesor commercial productsconstituteendorsement or recommendationfor use.
large number of producing wells on the outer continental shelf (OCS) develop undesirable andsometimes potentially dangerous sustained pressure on one or more casing strings. Theobjectives of this study were to:
Compile information from MMS and operators on the magnitude of the sustained casingpressure problem,
Compile information from the literature and from offshore operators on various possiblecauses of sustained casing pressure,
Compile information from the literature and from operators on procedures for correcting ormanaging existing problems and reducing the number of future problems, and
assisting in the development of new technology for reducing the number of future problems.An MMS database on sustained casing pressure (SCP) was made available for confidential internal use bythe LSU research team. Database software was developed to assist with queries and data retrieval by theresearch team. Sustained casing pressure is seen in over 11,000 casing strings in over 8000 wells on theOCS. Reporting and record keeping requirements associated with sustained casing pressure requires amajor effort by both the offshore oil and gas industry and by the Minerals Management Service.Example areas were selected for further study from an analysis of the database. Procedures currentlyfollowed in industry for handling excessive casing pressure have been discussed with a number of operators. Members of the research team made several offshore trips to witness diagnostic test proceduresand various remediation procedures. Data were provided by several of the operators showing the results of the remediation attempts over an extended period. Meetings were also held with service companies thatwere conducting research aimed at identifying the causes of the problem and developing new technologyaimed at solving the problem.Industry experience with problems resulting from sustained casing pressure has shown that the mostserious problems have resulted from tubing leaks. When the resulting pressure on the production casing