Global 9HPeter Straubinger Period 2Throughout written history, vast changes in social, political, and economicestablishments have been sparked by extraordinary people or conditions. Often, thesechanges mark a turning point in the progress of civilization as new ideas are formed, newgovernments raised, or new discoveries put to use in the interest of progress. Whether these pivotal moments in history may be due to a single nonconforming person or a vast,radical multitude, each turning point has certain specific influences and outcomes whichshaped the world for innumerable years.On of history’s most major changes occurred in the 1500s, through the work of aman named Martin Luther. A devout German monk, Martin Luther eventually sparkedone of the most major religious reformations in history. However, while Martin Luther’sactions were the flame to the proverbial powder-keg, there were numerous influencesleading up to his actions. Since long before Luther’s time, many Catholic popes hadgrown increasingly concerned with financial and or political issues, as opposed tospiritual ones. Understandable, this undermined the faith of many in the Catholic church’sleadership. In addition to the declining religious conduct of the various popes, clergy of lower rank began to abuse their privileges, or outright ignore many of the church’steachings and requirements. Nationalism, too, was on the rise throughout Europe; as people became more and more concerned with the affairs of their countries rather thanthose of the church. The Popes began to lose their sway on Europe’s people. Lastly, theinvention of Gutenberg’s printing press allowed the spread of revolutionary andnonconformist ideals which would previously have been quashed by the Catholic church.