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Reactors

Reactors

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Published by: Fransiska Adelia Froggers on Apr 16, 2013
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03/17/2014

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14/04/20111
Chemical ReactorsChemical Reactors
ICEICE 306306 –Process EquipmentsProcess Equipments
Department of Chemical EngineeringDepartment of Chemical EngineeringFaculty of Faculty of Industrial Technology Industrial Technology Parahyangan Catholic University Parahyangan Catholic University  April April 20112011
ChemicalBiochemicalConstant DensityVariable densityIsothermalNonisothermalSingleMultipleCatalyticNoncatalyticExothermicEndothermicElementaryNon-elementaryReversibleIrreversibleHomogenousHeterogeneousClassificationofReactions
 
14/04/20112
Type of ReactorsSingle PhaseMulti PhaseBatchPlug Flow CSTR Semi BatchSpecial ReactorFixed BedMoving BedFluidized BedTrickle BedRotary,BubbleMembraneReactorReactiveDistillationelectrochemical, bioreactor,etc..
Batch ReactorsBatch Reactors
BatchBatchreactorsreactors::ReactantsReactantsareare chargedchargedintointoaavessel vesselatatthethe  beginning beginningof ofthetheoperation,operation,andand productsproductsarearedischargeddischargedatatthethe endendof ofthetheoperationoperation.. TheThechemicalchemicalreactionsreactionstaketakeplaceplace overovertimetime.. TheThevessel vesselisisusuallusuallyagitatedagitatedtoto provideprovidegoodgoodcontactingcontactingbetween between thethereactantsreactantsandandtotocreatecreate uniformuniformconditionsconditions..
Uzi Mann_Principles_of_Chemical_Reactor_Analysis_and_Design__New_Tools_for_Industrial_Chemical_Reactor_Operations
 
14/04/20113
Batch ReactorsBatch Reactors
TheTheuseuseoofbatch batchreactorsreactorsinincommercialcommercialprocessesprocessesisis usually usuallymostmostsuitablesuitableforforsmallsmallvolume volumeproduction,production, particularly particularlyforforsituationssituationsininwhich whichswitchingswitchingfromfromoneone processprocessororproductproducttotoanotheranotherisisrequired,required,asasininthethe manufacturemanufactureof ofpharmaceuticalspharmaceuticals.. Typically,Typically,ininsuchsuchprocesses,processes,thethevalue valueof ofthetheproductsproductsisis relatively relativelylargelargecomparedcomparedwith withthethecostcostof ofproductionproduction.. ItItmamaybe beusedusedforforlargelargevolume volumeproductionproduction(with(with multiplemultipleunitsunitsininparallel)parallel)suchsuchasasthetheproductionproductionof of  “vinyl”“vinyl”(polyvinyl(polyvinylchloridechlorideororPVC)PVC)involvinginvolvingsuspensionsuspension polymerization,polymerization,andandof ofemulsionemulsion--polymerizedpolymerizedlatexlatex..
Missen-Introduction to Chemical Reaction Engineering & Kinetics
Batch ReactorsBatch Reactors
The advantages :The advantages :• Simple in construction,• Simple in construction,• Small instrumentation and cost,• Small instrumentation and cost,• Flexibility of operation.• Flexibility of operation.The disadvantages :The disadvantages :• Inherent downtime (filling,heating,• Inherent downtime (filling,heating,discharging and cleaning) between batchesdischarging and cleaning) between batches• High maintenance cost.• High maintenance cost.• Unsteady State operations• Unsteady State operations
Difficult toDifficult tocontrol heat transfer and product quality.control heat transfer and product quality.
Kayode Coker-Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design

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