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Outline of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013

Outline of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013

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Published by evanmajor
This is the long version of the Senate bill outline.
This is the long version of the Senate bill outline.

More info:

Published by: evanmajor on Apr 16, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/28/2014

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1
Outlin
e
of th
e
Bord
e
r S
ec
urity
,
E
c
onomi
c
Opportunity
,
and Immigration Mod
e
rnizationA
c
t of 2013Bord
e
r S
ec
urityA
.
 
Goal for Bord
e
r S
ec
urity
We will establish the following goal for border security--to achieve and maintain effectivecontrol in high risk border sectors along the Southern border. This will be done in two ways:1)
 
Persistent surveillance in High Risk Sectors along the Southern Border; and2)
 
An Effectiveness Rate of 90% in a fiscal year for all High Risk Sectors along theSouthern Border 
³
Effectiveness Rate
´GHILQLWLRQ² 
The number of apprehensions and turn backs in a specificsector divided by the total number of illegal entries.
³
High Risk Border Sector 
´² 
Border sectors where apprehensions are above 30,000 individuals per year.
B
.
 
Bord
e
r S
ec
urity Fund and Bord
e
r F
e
n
c
ing Fund
x
 
180 days after the date of the enactment of the bill, the Secretary shall submit a strategy, to
 EHNQRZQDVWKH³&RPSUHKHQVLYH6RXWKHUQ%RUGHU6HFXULW\6WUDWHJ\´
for achieving andmaintaining effective control in all high risk border sectors along the Southern border.
x
 
Our bill will appropriate $3 billion to implement this strategy. This money will be used for acquiring, among other things:
o
 
Surveillance and detection capabilities developed or used by the Department of Defense;
o
 
Additional Border Patrol agents and Customs and Border Protection officers at and between ports of entry along the Southern border;
o
 
Fixed, mobile, and agent portable surveillance systems; and
o
 
Unmanned aerial systems and fixed-wing aircraft and necessary and qualified staff and equipment to fully utilize such systems.
x
 
180 days after the date of the enactment of the bill, the Secretary shall establish a strategy, to
 EHNQRZQDVWKH³6RXWKHUQ%RUGHU)HQFLQJ6WUDWHJ\´
to identify where fencing, includingdouble-layer fencing, infrastructure, and technology should be deployed along the Southern border.
o
 
Our bill will appropriate $1.5 billion to implement this strategy.
 
2
C
.
 
Bord
e
r S
ec
urity Trigg
e
r
s
 1
.
 
Trigg
e
r to Initial Adju
s
tm
e
nt of Statu
s
 
 No immigrant in undocumented
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(RPI) legal status until the Secretary has submitted to Congress the Notice of Commencementupon completion of each of the Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy and theSouthern Border Fencing Strategy
2
.
 
Trigg
e
r to Adju
s
tm
e
nt of Statu
s
from R
e
gi
s
t
e
r
e
d Provi
s
ional Immigrant Statu
s
 to Lawful P
e
rman
e
nt R
e
s
id
e
nt Statu
s
 
Except for immigrants who are eligible for the DREAM Act and the Agricultural legalization,aliens in RPI status shall not be eligible to adjust to Lawful Permanent Resident status until theSecretary of Homeland Security submits a written certification to the President and the Congress, based on analysis by and in consultation with the Comptroller General, that each of the followingmeasures has been achieved:
x
 
the Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy has been submitted to Congressand is substantially deployed and substantially operational;
x
 
the Southern Border Fencing Strategy has been submitted to Congress, implemented, andis substantially completed;
x
 
the Secretary has implemented a mandatory employment verification system to be used by all employers to prevent unauthorized workers from obtaining employment in theUnited States; and
x
 
the Secretary is using an electronic exit system at air and sea ports of entry that operates by collecting machine-readable visa or passport information from air and vessel carriers.
D
.
 
Pro
ce
ss
for Cr
e
ating Bord
e
r S
ec
urity A
cc
ountability
x
 
If an Effectiveness Rate of 90% or higher for all High Risk border sectors is reachedduring the first 5 years after the bill is enacted
 ²WKH³%RUGHU6HFXULW\*RDO´KDVEHHQ
achieved.
x
 
If an Effectiveness Rate of 90% or higher for all High Risk border sectors has not beenreached during the first 5 years of the bill, a
³6RXWKHUQ%RUGHU6HFXULW\&RPPLVVLRQ´
 shall be established.
x
 
The Border Commission will be a bipartisan commission composed of the four border state governors (or their appointees) and border security experts appointed by thePresident and by the Majority and Minority Leaders in the U.S. Senate and the U.S.House of Representatives.
 
3
x
 
The Border Commission shall issue
D³5HSRUWDQG5HFRPPHQGDWLRQ´WKDWVSHFLILFDOO\
recommends the manpower, technology, and resources it believes is necessary to achievea 90% border effectiveness rate in all high risk border sectors.
x
 
The bill will appropriate up to $2 billion for DHS to implement the recommendations onmanpower, technology, and infrastructure made by the Border Commission.
x
 
This $2 billion will not become available for expenditure until the issuance of the
&RPPLVVLRQ¶V5HSRUWDQG5HFRPPHQGDWLRQV,IWKLVPRQH\LVQRWQHFHVVDU\EHFDXVHWKH
90 percent efficiency rating has been met, the appropriation will expire and the funds will be available for other immigration enforcement uses as recommended by the U.S. Senateand House Appropriations Committees.
x
 
,IWKH³%RUGHU&RPPLVVLRQ´KDVQRWLVVXHGD5HSRUWDQG5HFRPPHQGDWLRQZLWKLQWKH
required 180 days, the appropriation will transfer to DHS for its use in creating and
LPSOHPHQWLQJDQHZ³6RXWKHUQ%RUGHU6HFXULW\3ODQ´GHVLJQHGWRD
chieve a 90% border effectiveness rate in all high risk border sectors.
E
.
 
Additional Bord
e
r S
ec
urity R
e
s
our
ce
s
 
x
 
Provid
e
funding for 3
,
500 additional Cu
s
tom
s
ag
e
nt
s
(OFO Offi
ce
r
s
) nationwid
e
 
x
 
Provid
e
Authorization for th
e
National Guard to b
e
d
e
ploy
e
d to th
e
Southw
e
s
tbord
e
r
for the following purposes:
 
(1) to construct fencing, including double-layer and triple-layer fencing;(2) to increase ground-based mobile surveillance systems;(3) to deploy additional unarmed, unmanned aerial systems and manned aircraft sufficientto maintain continuous surveillance of the Southern Border;(4) to deploy and provide capability for radio communications interoperability betweenU.S. Customs and Border Protection and State, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies;(5) to construct checkpoints along the Southern border to bridge the gap to long-term permanent checkpoints; and(6) to provide assistance to U.S. Customs and Border Protection, particularly in rural,high-trafficked areas, as designated by the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
x
 
Authoriz
e
and fund bord
e
r
c
ro
ss
ing pro
s
ec
ution
s
 
and related court costs in the TucsonSector at a level sufficient to increase the average number of prosecutions from 70 a dayto 210 a day ($50 million from the $3 billion Border Security Fund).
x
 
Provid
e
in
c
r
e
a
s
e
d funding for Op
e
ration Ston
e
gard
e
n
to assist state and local lawenforcement to help prevent illegal activity along the border.
x
 
Provid
e
additional funding for additional bord
e
r patrol
s
tation
s
and forwardop
e
rating ba
s
e
s
to interdict individuals entering the United States unlawfully

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