Everyday and on the world is changing a lot. Science forging with big pace, newinventions important for human life, new technological advances occurring constantlyand so on. But if seen from communication point of view, this pace is faster and technology more exciting in telecommunications. In order to deliver new services such asvideo conferencing and video on demand, as well as provide more bandwidth for theincreasing volume of traditional data, the communications industry introduced atechnology that provided a common format for services with different bandwidthrequirements. This technology is
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
. As ATM developed, it became a crucial step in how companies deliver, manage and maintain their goods and services. This means that ATM is capable of transferring voice, video, and data through private networks and across public networks.
Computer networks represents the model where a large number of separatedcomputers are interconnected and can communicate between them. Under thiscommunication we should understand that they can exchange information. Computerscan be connected via cooper wire, fiber optics, microwaves, infrared, satellite etc. As timegoes on, computer networks are becoming more high-tech and also more complex. So, inorder to reduce their design complexity they are organized as stack of layers, each one built upon the one below it. This way every one of this layers ofers some service to thelayer above. The service can be connection-oriented or connectionless. In connectionlessservice the message to be sent carries the full destination address and it is independetlyrouted from other messages, from where we can see that this is modeled after the postalsystem. On the other hand in connection oriented service, to send any message, first weshould establish a connection, than use it and at the end release it. This service is modeledafter the telephone system. This service uses a single channel for passing messages,which means that all messages follow the same path and the packet that is send first will be first one received at the other end.In this group of connection-oriented networks we can find ATM Network (Asynchronous Transfer Mode). ATM is a protocol that transmits data as fixed sized packets . A sender and receiver on a network set up a fixed path between each other before sending data, and the information arrives to the receiver in the order it was sent.3