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3 Early Visual Works of Art in Other Countries

3 Early Visual Works of Art in Other Countries

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Published by xreney
My report in Humanities entitled Early Visual Works of Art in Other Countries. Chapter 3 in the book of Abad, Jao, Santos-- Introduction to Humanities
My report in Humanities entitled Early Visual Works of Art in Other Countries. Chapter 3 in the book of Abad, Jao, Santos-- Introduction to Humanities

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: xreney on Mar 25, 2009
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06/12/2013

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3 EARLY VISUAL WORKS OF ART IN OTHERCOUNTRIES
The nature of early art works particularly in Asia and in Europe is briefly discussed here.It is neither comprehensive nor an exhaustive treatment, since only a few representative areas are presented where ancient art evolved.
Aim:
1.To provide background information about the early contributions of various peoplesto the world of art.2.To discuss the nature of early visual works of art in other countries particularly inAsia and in Europe.
What is Visual Arts?Visual arts
areart formsthat focus on the creation of workswhich are primarilyvisualin nature, such asdrawing,painting, photography,printmaking, andfilmmaking. Those that involve three-dimensional objects, such assculptureandarchitecture, are calledplastic arts. Many artistic disciplines (performing arts, language arts,textile arts, andculinary arts) involve aspects of  the visual arts as well as other types, so these definitions are notstrict.
History of visual arts
The great traditions inarthave a foundation in the art of one of the ancient civilizations, such asAncient Egypt,GreeceandRome, China, India,Mesopotamia and Mesoamerica. Ancient Greek art saw a veneration of the human physical form and the development of equivalent skills to show musculature, poise, beauty and anatomically correct proportions.Ancient Romanart depicted gods as idealized humans, shown with characteristic distinguishingfeatures (i.e.Zeus' thunderbolt).InByzantineandGothic art of theMiddle Ages, the dominance of the church insisted on the expression of biblical and not material truths. TheRenaissancesaw the return to valuation of thematerial world, and this shift is reflected in art forms, which show the corporeality of the human body, and the three-dimensional reality of landscape.Eastern art has generally worked in a style akin to Western medieval art, namely a concentrationon surface patterning and local colour (meaning the plain colour of an object, such as basic redfor a red robe, rather than the modulations of that colour brought about by light, shade andreflection). A characteristic of this style is that the local colour is often defined by an outline (acontemporary equivalent is the cartoon). This is evident in, for example, the art of India, Tibetand Japan.ReligiousIslamic art forbids iconography, and expresses religious ideas through geometry instead. The physical and rational certainties depicted by the 19th-century Enlightenment wereshattered not only by new discoveries of relativity byEinstein
 and of unseen psychology byFreud,
but also by unprecedented technological development. Increasingglobalinteractionduring this time saw an equivalent influence of other cultures into Western art.
 
 The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizableartistic paintings in theWestern world.

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