Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
4Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
MFT - II Lab Manual

MFT - II Lab Manual

Ratings: (0)|Views: 615|Likes:
Published by Mohan Prasad.M
Anna University - Syllabus
Anna University - Syllabus

More info:

Published by: Mohan Prasad.M on Apr 17, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/05/2014

pdf

text

original

 
1
1.0 STUDY OF DRILLING, MILLING, SHAPER, GRINDING ANDGEAR HOBBING MACHINES1. DRILLING MACHINE
The drilling machine is one of the most important machine tools in a workshop.In a drilling machine holes may be drilled quickly and at a low cost. The hole isgenerated by the rotating edge of a cutting tool known as the drill, which exerts largeforce on the work clamped on the table.The different parts of a radial drilling machine have been illustrated in Fig(1.0).They are as follows:
1.
Base,
2.
Column,
3.
Radial arm,
4.
Drill head
5.
Spindle speed and feed mechanism
1.1 BASE
The base of a radial drilling machine is a large rectangular casting that isfinished on its top to support a column on its one end and to hold the work table atthe other end. In some machines T-slots are provided on the base for clamping work when it serves as a table.
1.2 COLUMN
The column is a cylindrical casting that is mounted vertically at one end of the base. It supports the radial arm which may slide up or down on its face. An electricmotor is mounted on the top of the column, which imparts vertical adjustment of thearm by rotating a screw passing through a nut attached to the arm.
1.3 RADIAL ARM
The radial arm that is mounted on the column extends horizontally over the base. It is a massive casting with its front vertical face accurately machined to provide guide ways on which the drill head may be made to slide. The arm may beswung round the column. In some machines this movement is controlled by aseparate motor.
 
2
1.4 DRILL HEAD
The drill head is mounted on the radial arm and drives the drill spindle. Itencloses all the mechanism for driving the drill at multiple speeds and at differentspeed. All the mechanisms and controls are housed within a small drill head, whichmay be made to slide on the guide ways of the arm for adjusting the position of drillspindle with respect to the work.
1.5 SPINDLE DRIVE AND FEED MECHANISM
A constant speed motor is mounted at the extreme end of the radial arm, which drivesa horizontal spindle, which runs along the length of the arm, and the motion istransmitted to the drill head through bevel gears. By train of gearing within the drillhead, the speed of the spindle may be varied. Through another train of gearing withinthe drill head, different feeds of the spindle are obtained. In some machines, a verticalmotor is fitted directly on the drill head and through gearbox multiple speed and thefeed of the spindle can be obtained..
Fig (1.0) Radial drilling machine
1.Base, 2.Column, 3.Radial arm, 4.Motor for elevating the arm, 5.Elevating screw,6.Guide ways, 7.Motor for driving the drill
 
3
 
2. MILLING MACHINE
Milling is the process of removing metal by feeding the work piece through arotating multipoint cutter. Milling machine can be used for machining flat surfaces,complex and irregular areas, surface of revolution, external and internal threads, gear cutting, helical surface of cross sections.The different parts of a Milling machine have been illustrated in Fig (3.0).They are as follows:
1.
Base
2.
Column
3.
Knee
4.
Saddle
5.
Table
6.
Spindle
7.
Arbor Fig (2) shows the parts of a standard Milling Machine.
2.1. BASE:
It is the foundation of the machine and is that part upon which all parts aremounted. It gives the machine rigidity and strength.
2.2. COLUMN:
It is the main supporting frame. The motor and other driving mechanisms arecontained with in it.
2.3 KNEE:
The knee projects from the column and slides up and down on its face. Itsupports the saddle and table and partially supported by the elevating screw whichadjusts its height.
2.4. SADDLE:
The saddle supports and carries the table and is adjustable transversely onways on top of the knee. It is provided with graduations for exact movement andoperated by power or hand.
2.5. TABLE:
The table rests on ways on the saddle and travels longitudinally in ahorizontal plane. It supports the works piece, fixtures and all other equipments.
2.6. SPINDLE:
The spindle obtains its power from the motor through motors. Cutters aremounted directly in the spindle nose.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->