2. MILLING MACHINE
Milling is the process of removing metal by feeding the work piece through arotating multipoint cutter. Milling machine can be used for machining flat surfaces,complex and irregular areas, surface of revolution, external and internal threads, gear cutting, helical surface of cross sections.The different parts of a Milling machine have been illustrated in Fig (3.0).They are as follows:
Arbor Fig (2) shows the parts of a standard Milling Machine.
It is the foundation of the machine and is that part upon which all parts aremounted. It gives the machine rigidity and strength.
It is the main supporting frame. The motor and other driving mechanisms arecontained with in it.
The knee projects from the column and slides up and down on its face. Itsupports the saddle and table and partially supported by the elevating screw whichadjusts its height.
The saddle supports and carries the table and is adjustable transversely onways on top of the knee. It is provided with graduations for exact movement andoperated by power or hand.
The table rests on ways on the saddle and travels longitudinally in ahorizontal plane. It supports the works piece, fixtures and all other equipments.
The spindle obtains its power from the motor through motors. Cutters aremounted directly in the spindle nose.