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IGCSE History - League of Nations

IGCSE History - League of Nations

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Published by: kieranthedictator on Apr 17, 2013
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08/19/2014

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 IGCSE HISTORY
THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
Revision Notes
CONTENT OUTLINE
§
Birth of the League of Nations
§
The United States, Isolationism and the League of Nations
§
Work of the League
§
The League in the 1920s
§
Working for a Better World
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The League and Economic Depression
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The League and the Invasion of Manchuria, 1931
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The League and the Invasion of Abyssinia, 1935
§
The Failure of Disarmament
 
IGCSE HistoryLeague of NationsRevision Notes
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IGCSE HistoryLeague of NationsRevision Notes
3
Birth of the League of Nations
 
 After the First World War, everyone wanted to avoid the repeat of such a destructive andhorrifying conflict. At the Treaty of Versailles, it was agreed that a League of Nations, anorganisation to resolve international problems without resorting to armed conflict, would beset up to achieve this. However, there were disagreements as to the nature and the work of this proposed League of Nations.
 
US President Woodrow Wilson wanted the League of Nations to be like a worldparliament where representatives of all nations could come together regularly to discussand decide on matters that affected them all.
Many British leaders felt it would be best if the League of Nations was an organisationthat only meet and take action in emergencies.
The French, having borne the brunt of the First World War’s destruction, wanted a strongLeague with its own standing army to intervene in conflicts.President Wilson’s vision of a League prevailed. He insisted that discussions about theLeague to be part of the peace treaties, and in 1919, he personally took charge of drawing upplans for the League. In February 1919, he had proposed an ambitious plan.
All major nations would join the League.
All nations would disarm
All disputes between countries would be taken and resolved by the League, and itsdecisions were to be accepted and respected.
A Covenant was to be set up, and should any nation break the covenant and go towar, other nations were to cease economic relations with it and send troops tointervene if necessary.There were several concerns raised about Wilson’s plan. Some were worried about hisidealistic approach towards international relations. These detractors felt that nations wouldnot act in the way he suggested in the event of war, or that the League’s decisions would notbe accepted by nations in the event of conflict. However, many people in Europe were willingto give Wilson’s plan a try. They hoped that the threat of economic sanctions and militaryintervention imposed by major powers in the name of the League was a strong deterrent for countries to go to war. By 1919, there was hope that the League of Nations would be apowerful peacemaker, with the United States in the driving seat.

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