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Drinking Water Protection

Drinking Water Protection

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04/22/2013

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4/8/20131
DRINKING WATERPROTECTION
Minnesota Department of HealthRandy EllingboeChris Elvrum
Contaminants in drinking water create potential fordisease
Chemicals
Pathogens (bacteria, protozoans, viruses)
The Good News:
MN Public water supplies are doing a good job at protecting publichealth, and compliance with the Safe Drinking Water Act is veryhigh (>99%)
Majority of private wells provide a safe adequate supply
The Bad News:
Some private water supplies at risk –knowledge limited
Number of potential contaminants increasing, most unregulated
Pressing need to evaluate impacts on public health
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Groundwater and Public Health
 
4/8/20132
PublicWater:SurfaceWater1.3 millionPrivateWells1.2 million
Minnesota’s Drinking Water Sources
Public Water Supply:Groundwater2.7 million people
73 % from groundwater 
Wells in Minnesota
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Public Water SupplyWells serve 2.7 millionpeople11,000+ Public WellsPrivate Wells serve 1.2million people~250,000 Private Wellsin operation
 
4/8/20133
GW Quality for Drinking Water
Groundwater sources across the state vary widely inquality, from those sources that require no treatment tothose that are much like surface water sources
Surface water and groundwater under the influence ofsurface water always requires a substantial amount oftreatment
Groundwater Quality
Contaminants naturally-occurring& anthropogenic
Microbiological
Bacteria, Viruses etc.
Chemical
Arsenic, Nitrate, PFCs
Radiological
Radium
Contaminants of Emerging Concern
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