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Pioneer Review, Thurs., April 18, 2013

Pioneer Review, Thurs., April 18, 2013

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Includes Tax
A Publication of Ravellette Publications, Inc., Philip, South Dakota 57567. The Official Newspaper of Haakon County, South Dakota. Copyright 1981.
Number 34Volume 107
April 18, 2013
Market Report
12 Pro Winter Wheat...................$6.92Any Pro.....................................$6.3214 Pro Spring Wheat...................$728Milo..............................................$6.02Corn..............................................$6.16SFS Birdseed.............................$20.75New Crop 12 Pro WW..................$6.9914 Pro SW.................................$716
by Del Bartels
As of Monday, April 8, ZachThomsen, is the new HaakonCounty and northern JacksonCounty wildlife conservation officerwith the South Dakota Game, Fishand Parks.“In layman’s terms, from theWhite River to the CheyenneRiver,” said Thomsen about thearea he covers within the two coun-ties. “Obviously, I can’t meet every-body in one week. I will try myhardest to get out there and meetlandowners. I’m looking forward tomeeting people and working in thearea,” said Thomsen.A 2005 graduate from Brandon Valley High School, he earned hisbachelors degree in wildlife andfisheries science from SouthDakota State University in 2009.During college, he held two internpositions with the GF&P in SiouxFalls, and after graduation workedtwo seasonal positions; all four as awildlife damage technician indepredation control. The beginningof 2012 he was working full time asa regional program assistant.“When I applied the academy, Iapplied for Philip specific,” saidThomsen. “The job for Philip cameopen, and I knew I would not mindcoming here. It’s a good station;I’ve heard nothing bad. The peopleare great. It’ll be a good district towork in.”The South Dakota Law Enforce-ment Academy in Pierre is 13weeks of training required for alllaw enforcement personnel, policedepartments, sheriff offices, high-way patrol troopers and conserva-tion officers. Thomsen then didthree weeks of post academy learn-ing in Pierre. Then he wentthrough four months of field train-ing; eight weeks in the Chamber-lain area followed by seven weeksin the Spearfish area.“It was kinda nice. I got to makecontacts in the prairie and thehills, nice to meet in the middle onthese,” said Thomsen.Though raised in the city, hespent a lot of time on the farm. Hisgrandparents had a farm in south-eastern South Dakota, and hisuncle and aunt also have a farmthere. He also did some work on afarm outside Brandon.“The reason I got involved withthis kind of job was I grew up hunt-ing and fishing,” said Thomsen.This was mostly with his dad. “I’vealways wanted to be a game war-den. I love the outdoors. I likeworking with landowners, giving ahelping hand in trying to conservethe habitat and providing theyouth with as much hunting as Ienjoyed when I was their age.”“A nice thing about my job is it’snot all about law enforcement. I doa lot with landowners, and withhabitat, wildlife and fisheries man-agement,” he said.“I like this, you don’t get thatanywhere else. Small town atmos-phere; really big in my part. Defi-nitely different than the big city,”said Thomsen. “It’s awesome, Idon’t know how else to say it.”His first day was mostly spentgetting his equipment and workingwith Brian Meiers, wildlife conser-vation officer supervisor for theGF&P out of Rapid City. Thomsenstill took care of local business bytaking a barn owl, wounded whengetting caught in a fence, to theraptor center in Rapid City.“I have been watching Zachprogress through the law enforce-ment academy and am verypleased with his performance,”stated Mike Kintigh, regional su-pervisor for Region 1, S.D. GF&P.“I’m also familiar with his priorwork experience and interactionswith public and coworkers. All thisleads me to believe we are develop-ing a fine young officer for thePhilip district.” For the last fewyears, the district had been in-cluded in the responsibilities of Of-ficer Josh Brainard out of the Walloffice.
Thomsen is new conservation officer
Zach Thomsen is the new Haakon County and northern Jackson County WildlifeConservation Officer for the South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks.
by Del Bartels
The Midland Drama Club willperform this year’s comedy “War-ren’s Peace” Friday and Saturday, April 26-27, at 7:00 p.m., and Sun-day, April 28, at 2:00 p.m.Written by Marc and Kathy Hol-land, this situational comedy hasdialogue that could come from anysmall town community. The barbs,insults and zingers seem almosttoo natural and believable. Theconflicts are between a marriedcouple, a long-forlorn ex-boyfriendwho lost his high school sweet-heart, and two ladies who seem-ingly hate each other’s guts ... andthey’re sisters.The first of two acts lights thewick that could set off a 20-year-oldpowder keg of animosity betweenthe five characters. The poor dupewho holds the match is a NationalGuard representative sent to putup a banner, stage some public re-lations photos and maybe give ashort, halfhearted speech on WorldPeace Day.An unprecedented year of peaceprompts the government to hold asmall ceremony at each placewhere its armed forces have everbeen deployed. Long ago, the speckof a town called Crickwater actu-ally threatened to leave the Unionand join with Canada. This almostmissed footnote in the records be-comes a public relations nightmarefor officer Warren, who is stuckwith the drab task since he missedhis division’s trip to Germany anda prolonged party.Matthew Jones plays the part of the poor slacker. He walks into alove triangle that has been simmer-ing to blow since three formerclassmates’ senior year. The town’smayor, played by Lawrence Strop-pel, parades around his trophywife, played by Brenda Jensen, justto dig the knife deeper into herhigh school sweetheart, played byDennis Sinkey, who is the town’spubic works director. All the while,the characters played by AudreyJones and Rayma Reimann haveabsolutely nothing good to sayabout each other. The zingers areexceedingly comical, yes, thoughunrelenting. This terrible peacewill eventually resolve itself intowar.The action takes place in a court-house room where half is the publiclibrary and, across an imaginaryline in the carpet, is the city hall.For your own sake, do not let thatline waver. Somehow the embar-rassing history has been let out of the bag, and reporters are crowdedoutside the courthouse. Even theimpromptu political speech is up-roarious. The big question is, willthere be cake?Directed by Jensen, the castmakes the banter and volatile situ-ations flow toward the play’s cli-max. The audience had better be-ware not only the flying barbs, butmay itself become cannon fodder.
Midland comedy “Warren’s Peace”
The slack-off National Guardsman is warned about the former Army Ranger who“can kill a man with pocket lint.” The mayor and librarian are more interested inthe show than in the visitor’s safety. You could say the poor guy is saved by adead deer on the road into town. Shown, from left, are actors Dennis Sinkey,Matthew Jones, Lawrence Stroppel and Audrey Jones.
Photos by Del Bartels
“Are you keeping something from me?” “Usually!” ... “I’ve got a feeling you’re mak-ing fun of me!” “Well, go with that feeling!” ... “You treat strangers better thanme, and you don’t treat them nice either.” ... “Around here we try not to judge aman by the color of his neck.” ... “Youthink some daywe can look backon all this and notpuke?” ... “Believeme, you put the“F” “U” in FUN!” ...“I’d be honored, if I were an idiot.”Actors RaymaReimann, left, andAudrey Jones playthe part of smalltown sisters.Come to the Mid-land play andwatch the long-brewing war breakout into “Warren’sPeace.”
by Del Bartels
The Haakon School DistrictBoard of Education came out of anexecutive session during its April15 meeting to vote to give one-time$300 bonuses to all its certified,classified and administrative per-sonnel.The 2013 South Dakota legisla-ture had allocated certain amountof one-time money to the state’sschool systems. The Haakon sys-tem received $13,500. The localboard decided that the funds wouldbe best used if awarded to the 45full time personnel who are in oneof these three categories.In other business, the board de-cided to offer contracts to its certi-fied and classified employees fornext school year. Contracts will beoffered at the current salary andterms, in an effort to determine anymovement and hiring needs. Also,contracts were offered now becausethe school year will be over by thetime the board meets again in May. After negotiations are completed,contracts will be reissued with anynew fiscal year 2014 changes. Asfar as the administrative contracts,all have been signed and returned.Those salaries and terms will alsobe negotiated at a later date.Steve Leithauser, Cottonwood,has been hired as the new mainte-nance director and custodial super-visor. He will finish out the fiscalyear, then at the beginning of Julywill be under full contract.For the month of March, pay foran equivalent of 27 days of substi-tutes came to a total of $1,860.Hourly wages for 2,072.2 hours to-taled over $22,607.The board approved a valuationstudy that is required every threeyears. The study is supposed toidentify the cost of other post em-ployment health benefits offered toretirees. The last such study wasdone in fiscal year 2010 at a cost of $2,000. Business Manager BritniRoss said that not having the valu-ation done would be similar to aperson having a very bad mark ontheir credit report.Elementary, high school andstaff handbooks have been ap-proved for next school year. Thespecial education Title programsection has been completely up-dated, but otherwise only twochanges of note have been imple-mented. The prom has been specif-ically included on the list of extracurricular activities that a studentmay not participate in if theirgrades dictate that the student isineligible. Also, instead of theschool district footing the bill, stu-dents will now be responsible forthe cost of taking most make upcourses in the alternative educa-tion program.“We’re enabling them is what weare doing,” said SuperintendentKeven Morehart. “We are trying tohold the kids accountable.” The al-ternative education program is forstudents to work at their own paceto make up a failed class. It ismostly for students who have faileda semester and need the full creditin order to graduate.Secondary Principal Mike Baersaid, “The course might be offered,but not where it can fit their sched-ule. And, we don’t want a senior ina freshman class.” He added, “If they were struggling, and they areworking and getting help, they willpass.” He said, “Biggest thing is thestudent paying for it.”Baer’s principal’s report beganwith, “Keep your eyes on the calen-dar because there have been a lotof changes.” As Morehart’s super-intendent’s report echoed, the re-cent snow storm has canceled orpostponed many spring sportsevents, and some things have beenshifted to accommodate.Scottie Fest will be Thursday, April 18, as will the local elemen-tary spelling bee. April 22 will bethe annual preschool screening.Also on April 22, the NationalHonor Society will hold its induc-tion ceremony. Baer said they arechanging the event to make it moreof a big deal. Jerry Rhodes will bethe guest speaker.This year’s freshman core safetyevent (mock traffic accident) will beheld at Douglas on April 24. Workis being done to try to get the eventto again be more local and includeWall, Kadoka Area and Philip as ithas been in previous years.The second annual Science Daywill be April 25. This began lastyear in place of the track and fieldday for the elementary students.“We’ve got some pretty good peoplelined up,” said Morehart of the dif-ferent stations that the kids will at-tend.The regional elementary spellingbee will be April 29.An awards banquet will be heldMay 9 in the Fine Arts Building.The intention is to make the eventa little nicer and recognize all thestudents in one spot. The coachesand advisors are not to rehash theentire season. As a connected sidenote, Baer said that the variouscoaches will have monthly meet-ings for networking and mentoring,and to try to get a team atmos-phere for all coaching.May 11 will be the high schoolgraduation, with the eighth gradegraduation on May 14.As of the February 22 petitiondeadline, only one incumbent,Doug Thorson, had filed for his seatfor a three-year term. A new filer,Brad Kuchenbecker, will fill a seat,also for a three-year term. VondaHamill and Mark Nelson did notfile for their seats, which will leavea seat open. That seat will be filledwith a one-year appointment madeby the remaining board membersat the annual meeting in July.The next regular meeting for theHaakon School District 27-1 Boardof Education will be at 7:00 p.m.,Monday, May 20.
Bonuses given by school board
All of Jessica Wheeler’s third grade students got to watch Miles Wheeler dissecta cow eye. Then, if the students were brave enough, they got to hold the lens andsee how it magnified words on paper, pick up and touch all of the parts of theeye, find the optic nerve on the back, and look at the muscles to see how theyhelped move the eye. “I was the only one who was not brave enough to pick upor touch the eye,” admitted J. Wheeler. The hands-on materials for this part of the class’s unit on the senses were donated by Philip Custom Meats so the kidscould learn about the parts of the eye. Shown, from left are Addie Johnson, BrinHeltzel, Reghan Bloomquist, Allison Williams, Copper Lurz and Alec Crowser.
Courtesy photo
And the eyes have it
The trophy wife from high school days,played by Brenda Jensen, catches theeye of the public works director, playedby Dennis Sinkey. The mayor, played byLawrence Stroppel, watches andgloats over his former buddy’s loss of his high school sweetheart. Mean-while the poor slacker, played byMatthew Jones, comes in to try tomake peace. He will need to use thecannon he brought.
E-MAIL ADDRESSES:ADS: ads@pioneer-review.comNEWS: newsdesk@pioneer-review.comSUBSCRIPTIONS: subscriptions@pioneer-review.com
Ravellette Publications is happy to receive letters concerning comments on any newsstory or personal feeling on any subject. We do reserve the right to edit any offensive ma-terial and also to edit to fill the allotted space. We also reserve the right to reject any or allletters.Our deadline for insertion in the Thursday issue is the preceding Monday at 5:00 p.m.Letters intended for more than one Ravellette Publications newspaper should be mailedor hand delivered to each individual newspaper office. All letters
bear the originalsignature, address and telephone number of the author.
No political letters are to run the two weeksprior to an election.The “Letters” column is intended to offer readers the opportunity to express their opin-ions. It is not meant to replace advertising as a means of reaching people.This publication’s goal is to protect the first amendment guarantee of free speech. Your comments are welcomed and encouraged.
The Pioneer Review • P.O. Box 788 • Philip, SD 57567-0788(605) 859-2516 • FAX: (605) 859-2410
Ravellette Publications, Inc.
Letters Policy 
Opinion / Community
Thursday, April 18, 2013 • The Pioneer Review •
Page 2
Philip, SD U.S.P.S. 433-780
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website: www.pioneer-review.comEstablished in 1906.
The Pioneer Review, the official newspaper of Haakon County, the towns of Philip and Mid-land, and Haakon School District 27-1 is pub-lished weekly by Ravellette Publications, Inc.
Pioneer Review 
office is located at 221 E. OakStreet in Philip, South Dakota.
Phone: (605) 859-2516;FAX: (605) 859-2410;e-mail: ads@pioneer-review.comCopyrighted 1981:
Ravellette Publications,Inc. All rights reserved. Nothing may bereprinted, photocopied, or in any way repro-duced from this publication, in whole or in part,without the written consent of the publisher.
Display & Classified
Tuesdays at 11:00 a.m. (MT)
Fridays at 5:00 p.m. (MT)
Don Ravellette
Gen. Mgr. of Operations/Ad Design:
Kelly Penticoff 
Editor/News Reporter:
Del Bartels
Reporter/Ad Design:
Nancy Haigh
Ad Sales:
Beau Ravellette
Thursday:Overcast with a chance of snow. Highof 28F with a windchill as low as 9F. Breezy.Winds from the NNW at 20 to 25 mphwith gusts to 30 mph. Chance of snow20%. Thursday Night: Clear. Fog overnight.Low of 12F. Winds from the NW at 5 to 20 mph.Friday:Partly cloudy. Fog early. High of37F with a windchill as low as 3F.Winds from the WSW at 10 to 15mph. Friday Night:Mostly cloudy. Fogovernight. Low of 27F with a windchill aslow as 18F. Winds from the SW at 10 to 15 mph.Sunday:Overcast with a chance of rain.Fog early. High of 48F. Winds from theSouth at 5 to 10 mph. Chance of rain20%. Sunday Night:Partly cloudy with achance of rain. Low of 32F. Winds from the NNW at 10to 15 mph. Chance of rain 20%.Saturday:Overcast with a chance ofrain. Fog early. High of 52F. Windsfrom the West at 5 to 10 mph shiftingto the North in the afternoon. Chanceof rain 20%. Saturday Night: Mostlycloudy. Fog overnight. Low of 32F. Winds from theEast at 10 to 15 mph.Get yourcomplete &up-to-the-minutelocal forecast:
Lookin’ Around
by Syd Iwan
Not all oranges are createdequal. I learned this early in lifesince my mother thought I shouldstart each day with a glass of fresh-squeezed orange juice. She figuredit would be helpful in promotingmy health and well-being or somesuch thing. Most days this wasfine. Other days, not so much.For one thing, not all orangesare naturally sweet and tasty.Some are a bit sour or dull. Thenthere are those that have so muchpulp you almost need to eat the juice with a spoon instead of drink-ing it. Others have so many of those tiny little seeds that you areunlikely to get them all out short of using a strainer. This hasn’tchanged much over the years, andbuying oranges is still a trickybusiness. You’re never quite surewhat you’re getting.That situation is similar in buy-ing lots of other things. Apples areeasier than oranges, but you stilloccasionally get “lemons.” Ba-nanas, though, seem to all be fairlymuch the same. One is prettymuch like another although eatingthem at just the right degree of ripeness can be hard to schedule.Meat, though, is often tough, liter-ally, and hard to figure out. Oneknows that round steak is alwaysgoing to need good strong teeth if you don’t cook it a long time, butother steaks vary a lot concerningtenderness and flavor.That’s one of the difficult thingsabout life –trying to make wise de-cisions. This not only applies tothings you buy, but to what you doto support yourself, what friends tohave, and lots of other things. Ididn’t have much trouble choosingan occupation since I was raised ona ranch and was the only son. Mydad basically wanted me to takeover when I grew up, and that wasfine with me. I did have a chanceto go on and make a career as anofficer in the Navy since, to keepme from leaving when my timewas up, they dangled a tasty carrotin front of me. This had to do withthe promise of being assigned tothe staff of a really weird admiralwho was considered the father of the modern nuclear navy. It wouldprobably have been a real plus inmy record and a stepping stone tohigher rank. Weighing thatagainst ranching wasn’t much of acontest though. The rural life waswhat I wanted and what I chose. Ihave no regrets about that.I guess I never really set out tochoose good friends. I was just nat-urally drawn to those who had in-terests similar to mine. Since Iwasn’t exactly a party animal, nei-ther were my friends. They justwere those I somehow came toknow and like.Relatives, of course, you can’tchoose randomly. You’re just bornwith them. In some cases, that is just fine. Take my Aunt Bessie, forexample. She was my mom’s sisterfrom California and a real sweet-heart. We got on extremely well to-gether, and I even stayed with herfor several months when I was sta-tioned in California during mytime in the Navy. Other relativeswere mostly okay although a fewwere marginal. You couldn’t dis-own them, exactly, but you couldchoose how much to associate withthem.Choosing business associates isalso tricky. I have taken in cattlefor people who just plain drove menuts. They were never quite satis-fied with your care of their live-stock. If there wasn’t anything re-ally wrong, they’d complain thatthe salt licks were getting low al-though they hadn’t really run outyet. Other guys would never quitelive up to their part of the deal con-cerning payment for services ren-dered etc. Then there are thosewho just never give you any trou-ble and work out great. The latteris what we currently have, thankgoodness.But, you know, we can only doour best. If we do that, we are aptto have few regrets. We can look atproducts or situations, think aboutthem, maybe do a bit of research,give ourselves some time and notrush, pray a little, and hope for thebest. I recently did some of thatconcerning the purchase of a bag of oranges. They looked and felt okay,were moderately priced, and sub-sequently came home with me.Now is crunch time. Guess I’ll gosqueeze one or two and have someorange juice. It may be great orless so, but at least it will remindme of my dear old mama whosqueezed a lot of oranges in her lifefor love of little old me. That’sworth quite a lot.
the Garden Club has changed its SenechalPark clean-up date to Saturday, May 4, at 9:00 a.m. We apologizefor any inconvenience. Volunteers are appreciated.
meets Monday, April 29, at 6:00p.m. at the Bad river Senior Citizen’s Center with a soup supper,meeting and program, which will be Guy Paulson’s “Building A Dream,” the Moorhead Stave Church. Guy Paulson is a Philip HighSchool alumni. Anyone is invited.
will be held Monday nights at 8:00p.m. at the Alano Club in Philip.
To have your NON-PROFIT meeting listed here, please sub-mit them by calling: 859-2516, or e-mailing to: ads@pioneer-review. com. We will run your event notice the twoissuespriortoyoureventat no charge. PLEASE KEEP IN MIND,if you charge for an event, we must charge you for an ad!
law enforcement––––––––––––––––––––––– 
3-7-13: Speeding:
Anthony A. Thompson, Eden Prairie, MN;fined $165.
1-30-13: Speeding:
Lynette D. Gwin, Eagle Butte; fined $125.
Failure to Maintain Financial Reponsibility:
Lynette D. Gwin;dismissed - motion by prosecutor.
1-30-13: Fail to Report Accident to Police Officer:
Steven D.Miller, Sidney, NE; fined $270.
2-27-13: Speeding:
David W. Mattke, Huron; fined $105.
3-6-13: No Driver’s License:
Marilyn Yellow Robe, Wanblee;fined $174. Conditions: Pay the fine & costs by 3-6-13.
2-27-13: Speeding:
Robert A. Houdek, Spearfish; fined $105.
Plea Date: 5-14-10: Disp. Date: 1-23-13: No Peddlers Li-cense:
Sam Boyd, Rapid City; fined $110.
Spring snow
... by Del Bartels 
I think it took a little while for most of us to recall what the whitestuff was. Though it’s been too little this year, it did slowly came backto our memories that it is the winter moisture that our farm and ranchlands so desperately need. It took just a little bit longer to rememberthat snow can be fun.I tried to shovel the walkway, knowing that I was simply spreadingout my labor as it continued snowing, instead of doing all the work afterthe storm was over. No matter which way I turned, the windkept drilling cold snow into my face. Yet, when the storm was overthere was snow piled smartly on top of deck railings as if there hadbeen almost no wind at all.I was moaning the cold when I noticed a black lump in the middle of the yard. My son was laying there in his snow pants, boots, coat andhat. He was watching the floating, swirling flakes hover down. Theydidn’t last long against his body heat, but at only a foot or two aboveground level were getting just below the wind to hang above his facewhere he could see the individual flakes. If shoveling was not his style,at least not right then, then it wasn’t mine either.School was canceled. It didn’t matter that Friday would make up forthe snow day. Today was what mattered; popcorn, a hot drink, someTV, a board game, and periodically going back out in the snow. Somefamilies had hot chili for supper. Some found that baking was a rathercozy way to heat the kitchen.After the storm, some people told of driving like maniacs throughdrifts. Even older drivers were having a blast. A coworker had a mas-sive snowball fight with his dog; they both won. I actually saw a pathon one sidewalk that had to have been made by a bicycle. Now thatcould have been interesting. I suppose that the city crews quickly tiredof clearing the roads, but it appeared to me that, to begin with, movingthe snow might have been fun. Before it disappeared, my son had toclimb to the top of the snow pile in the courthouse parking lot. I shouldhave joined him. There were paths on the hill by the school steps wheresleds had been used.The springtime snow fascinated me. Paths as wide as a snow shovelthat had been quickly made were soon actually dry, with snow still onboth sides. Plodding over what appeared to be just snow, still somehowgot your boots muddy. Only one day and I didn’t have to clear snow off of my car. Only one day and my dog then wanted to lay on the frontstep, watching the world go by. But, there was only about one daywhere the snow was good for winter activities.Voices seem to carry easier over snow. Greeting neighbors had a clar-ity to it that was kind of nice. I did have quite a number of drivers,though, give me looks ranging from disbelief to laughter to threateningwhen I reached for snow and started packing snowballs.A gardening seminar, featuringGary Phillips, was held Thursday, April 11, in the Haakon CountyCourthouse community room.Hosted by the Haakon CountyPublic Library, Phillips of Gary’sOpen Door Greenhouse in Philip,spoke on container gardening andgreenhouse gardening, amongother gardening subjects.As an experienced gardener andformer agronomy specialist,Phillips is a good source for infor-mation when it comes to containergardening. Attendees were givensuggestions and heard experiencesfrom his own local business. All au-dience members were offered a freeheirloom tomato plant for theirgardens this season. Phillips dis-cussed tomato plants, heirlooms inparticular.The smallest container a personshould use when planting tomatoplants in containers is a five gallonbucket, he said. Determinate bushtype tomato plants are bettersuited for containers than the inde-terminate variety, which producesall season long. Larger containerswill hold more water, however, andtomatoes benefit from beingplanted deep in trenches becausethey will root all along the buriedportion which helps them duringtimes of heavy production.Due to tight spacing, containergardening offers a maximum of gardening capabilities with mini-mal space and maintenance re-quirements. Beets can be plantedin a box six feet long and one andone-half feet wide, and may be re-planted right after harvest to re-utilize the soil. A small box with aminimum depth of 12 inches will beadequate for lettuce, radishes andspinach, which can be started in asemi-heated garage (any place thatwon’t freeze). If planting onions, besure that they receive full sun dur-ing the heat of the summer whenbulbs form and keep them in lightand fluffy soil for the largest bulbspossible.Top container plants for sun in-clude sweet potato vine, geranium,purple fountain grass, lobelia,petunia and herbs. Shade selec-tions include pansies, coleus andimpatiens.Phillips also recommended refur-bishing container soil each season,which gives plants the best possiblegrowing conditions for optimal re-sults – highly desirable for SouthDakota gardeners. He likes mixinghis own soil to get the best possibleproduct, but warns that gardenersshould not use sand as part of theone-third, one-third, one-third – sand, peat and native soil combo,since heavy clay and sand com-bines into concrete. Locals are bet-ter off replacing sand with vermic-ulite.Another helpful ingredient for asuccessful container or raised bedis manure. Generally, all manuresshould be used after having beenaged for at least one year or more.Fresh manure is typically too “hot”and will burn plants, with the ex-ception of rabbit manure whichalso happens to be the number onechoice. Following in order arechicken, sheep, horse and cattlemanures.To recap, containers and raisedbeds have come into their own inrecent years for city and countrydwellers alike. As an aging popula-tion moves into tighter quarters,they can still get their hands dirtyby using raised beds with sittingledges, custom built to a person'smost comfortable gardening heightand even use portable handrails.Installing T-handles on tools allowsfor better leverage for aging backsand waning strength. Containers of all sizes will allow soil to warmquicker, smaller amounts of waterusage is a boon, weeding andmulching chores are minimizedand installation of casters makesmoving plants in and out of optimalgrowing conditions a breeze.Phillips enjoys experimentingwith new plants and is open to newideas and suggestions. Stop in forsome personal gardening advice.
Gardening seminar by Gary Phillips
A statewide tornado drill will beconducted for South Dakota by theNational Weather Service between9:00 a.m. and 9:30 am MDT,Wednesday, April 24.Because the exercise is used toensure communications and warn-ing systems are functioning prop-erly before storm season, peoplewill see and hear the actual alertsused for tornadoes.Outdoor warning sirens will besounded in many towns. The sirensmay not be heard inside homes andoffice buildings, as they are in-tended to alert people who are out-doors away from radio or TV.The drill will also include activa-tion of the Emergency Alert Sys-tem, which will interrupt localmedia broadcasts. The publicshould be aware that the scroll onbroadcast television and cable TVchannels will look like a real warn-ing, while the National Oceanicand Atmospheric AdministrationWeather Radio and broadcastaudio will be identified as a test.Local emergency response agen-cies may practice their responseprocedures and many schools willconduct safety drills for their stu-dents.Individuals do not need to takeany action during the drill, butthey are encouraged to make plansto protect themselves and theirfamilies before storms develop. Donot wait until the storm is headedtoward you, as there will not betime.Information about storm safetyis available from county emergencymanagement offices, or visit thefollowing web sites: the Rapid CityNational Weather Service atwww.weather.gov/rapidcity, BlackHills Chapter of the American RedCross at www.blackhillsredcross.org, and the South Dakota Depart-ment of Health at www.bReadySD.com.
Tornadowarningssystems test to beApril 24
The annual spring hunter safetycourse put on by Kit Graham willbe held Saturday, May 4, at thePhilip Ambulance Service buildingat 100 S. Larimer Avenue.The course will run from 8:00a.m. to approximately 5:00 p.m. Itis sponsored by the South DakotaGame, Fish and Parks department.Lunch will be provided by Branch85 of National Mutual Benefit.Parents can get more informa-tion and register their children bycontacting Graham in person at hisoffice in the Haakon County Court-house or by calling 859-2850 or859-2325. Signed permission slipsmust be turned in before the classbegins.Parents are not required tostay while their sons or daughtersattend the course.Assisting Graham this year willbe the area’s new GF&P conserva-tion officer, Zach Thomsen. He maybe contacted at 859-3006. “Pleasecome join us on May 4,” statedThomsen. For more information of this course or others, phone theseindividuals or view the GF&P web-site www.gfp.sd.gov and look underoutdoor learning and then huntereducation.The course is for youngsters ages12 or older, but the course will ac-cept 11 year olds if their birthdayis before the end of this year. Adults are more than welcome toalso attend.Upon successfully completingthe course that day, attendees willreceive a hunters safety card.Other items will be distributed,such as orange hunter’s caps, uponthe discretion of the S.D. GF&P.Successful completion of aHunter Safety Course is requiredby law of every person under theage of 16 who wishes to hunt inSouth Dakota.The hunter safety course will beprovided only twice in HaakonCounty this year – this spring inPhilip and again this fall in Mid-land. The course teaches the safehandling of firearms, proper hunt-ing ethics and introduction intowildlife management and huntinglaws.
Hunter safety class May 19
The snow had to go someplace. At the high school, it piled up on the downwindside just outside the windows. The sidewalk was soon not only bare of snow, butwas very quickly dry.
Photos by Del Bartels
Snow welcomed to area
The Philip airport automatedweather station recorded 0.91inches of moisture during the lastsnow storm. The total so far thisyear is 2.18 inches, which is still0.30 inches below normal, but wellabove what it had a year ago, 0.75inches.Milesville had 13 inches of snowwith 1.12 inces of moisture; 2.11inches so far this year; normal yearto date is 2.88 inches.Kirley had seven inches of snowand 0.94 inches of moisturethrough the afternoon of April 9.There may have had more later,but not reported as of yet. Therehas been 2.19 inches this year witha normal of 2.99.Cottonwood had 19.3 inches of snow with 1.75 inches of moisture;3.47 inches this year; normal is2.65 inches.Wind gusts during the snowstorm were reported up to 40 milesper hour.This information is from SusanSanders, warning coordination me-teorologist, National WeatherService, Rapid City.
Thursday, April 18, 2013 The Pioneer Review •
Page 3
Rural Livin’
Cropping Choices and WaterUse Relationships
The precipitation from the re-cent snow storm provided welcomerelief in terms of soil moisture.Standing stubble certainly showedits value as fields with stubblecaught a uniform layer of snowthat will help replenish dry soilswith an inch or more of valuablemoisture.Depending on what moisture isreceived over the next month or so,farmers may be wise to considerthe water/yield relationship forvarious crops as they are makingplanting decisions this spring. TheUSDA-Agricultural ResearchService has conducted research ex-ploring the moisture needed toproduce the first bushel of grainand the bushels per inch of mois-ture for various crops. This infor-mation can be highly valuablewhen making cropping decisionswhen moisture is limited.Corn is very efficient in usingwater as it can produce just over10 bushels per additional acreinch, but also requires just overnine inches of water to produce thefirst bushel. Grain sorghum, ormilo, is also relatively efficient inproducing bushels once the initialrequirement is met, at ninebushels per additional acre inch,but takes only 6.5 inches to pro-duce the first bushel. That is whygrain sorghum has historicallybeen a popular crop in marginalrainfall areas. Grain sorghum lostsome popularity in the 1990’s, par-tially due to a volcano eruptionthat resulted in cool summers forseveral years, above average rain-fall during the same period of time(which favored corn production),and improved drought tolerance incorn hybrids. Summer tempera-tures have returned to higher lev-els in more recent years, and theuncertainty of rainfall may bringresurgence in the interest insorghum.Sunflower requires slightlymore water to produce the firstbushel/pound of grain thansorghum at 6.9 inches, and fewerequivalent bushels (6.3) per inch of additional water. Sunflower ismarketed on a different price perunit structure than corn andsorghum, so it’s not directly com-parable on a bushel/pound basisregarding yield.Wheat, millet and soybean arefairly similar in both their waterrequirement to produce initialgrain yield and efficiency inbushels per additional acre inch of water. To produce the first unit of grain, wheat requires 5.2 inches,millet 3.5 inches, and soybean 3.7inches. With each additional inchof moisture, wheat will produceabout 4.7 bushels, millet 4.2bushels, and soybean 3 bushels. Again, the price per bushel of eachcrop varies, and if one were to eval-uate each crop fairly regardingwater use efficiency, this wouldneed to be taken into account.According to this research, fieldpeas are a remarkable crop in thatthey require less than 1 inch of water to produce grain. They canproduce three bushels of grain foreach additional inch of moisture.These numbers are not exactand each crop will perform best if moisture is available at the righttime and suffer if it is short at acritical time, like corn at pollina-tion and soybeans at flowering.This information could provevaluable as producers are makingcropping plans while they watchthe skies and weather reports formore precipitation, which will benecessary for a successful growingseason.
4/24: Drought Management We-binar, 10:00 a.m. CST, SD Re-gional Extension Centers
Extension News
by Bob FanningField Specialist, WinnerRegional Extension Center
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by Laurie Hindman
Taylor Mohnen joined the Crew Agency Ltd crop insurance agencylocated at Cactus Flat on April 1.Taylor is currently studying to be-come a crop insurance agent. He joins a team of six other agents,Rusty Olney, Maurice Handcock,Tanner Handcock, Heidi Porch,and Grady and Bernice Crew.Taylor grew up near Parkston ona farm. He graduated from Park-ston High School, and attendedMitchell Technical Institute, grad-uating in 2003 with a Telecommu-nications degree. Mohnen pre- vi-ously worked at Golden WestTelecommunications in Wall andthe Parkston grain elevator as anagronomist.Taylor serves on the Wall Cele-bration Committee and assistswith Wall AAU wrestling.“When Crew Agency approachedme about coming to work for themI jumped at the opportunity,” saidMohnen. “I enjoy getting out visit-ing with farmers and also am ex-cited to get back into the ag com-munity.”Grady Crew, along with his wife,Bernice, established Crew Agencyin 1984 and have expanded thecrop insurance business to includepartners, Rusty Olney, MauriceHandcock and Tanner Handock aswell as Business Manager HeidiPorch.“We are very proud to bring Tay-lor into our team,” said GradyCrew. “We feel his ag and businessbackground will make him a goodfit working with farmers andranchers in western South Dakota.We know Taylor with his caring,common sense personality will pro-vide great service and knowledge of the ever-changing crop insurancerules and regulations.”
Mohnen joins Crew Agency
South Dakota Farm Bureauhosted a meeting Wednesday, April3, in the Wall Community Centermeeting room, about the changesthat are taking place in the agricul-tural land productivity valuationand commodity prices assessments.Michael Houdyshell, director,property and special taxes divisionfrom South Dakota Department of Revenue, was on hand to informfarmers and ranchers about howtheir land values will now be basedupon its productivity value startingin the 2011 tax payable year.In front of a crowd of about 50people, he stated, “The Departmentof Revenue contracts with the eco-nomics department of SouthDakota State University to producethe “productivity value” or the “for-mula value” for the productivityvaluation system. This value is thestarting point for valuing all agri-cultural land in the state. Thisstarting value is adjusted by thecounty director of equalization toensure uniform and fair valua-tions.”The productivity formula iswhere they begin in figuring thegross revenue per acre. Thisprocess uses an eight-year periodfrom data that was collected by theUnited States Department of Agri-culture’s National AgriculturalStatistics Service to figure thegross revenue per acre in eachcounty. The 2011 tax payable yearwould use values from the year2001 to 2008.With cropland, the productivityvalue is established by eachcounty’s information based onUSDA/NASS. According to theSouth Dakota Department of Rev-enue “this price is weighted basedupon the quantity of the commod-ity sold each month during themarketing year; actual productionof each crop is multiplied by thecommodity price for the crop to de-termine the gross revenue for thecrop. The gross revenue of all of thecrops is added together and dividedby the number of acres, to get thegross revenue per acre in thecounty.” The prices also do not in-clude deficiency payments, Com-modity Credit Corporation loansoutstanding, or purchases by thegovernment.Cash rents are used to figure thegross revenue with noncroplandalso using the eight year average.The USDA/NASS determined cashrents in counties across SouthDakota from the years 2001through 2007 by using a survey.They had hoped to have enough re-sponses to publish the cash rentsfrom every county by 2008, butthey did not get enough responsesfrom every county. They used pastcash rent prices and rent from sur-rounding counties to help establishthe cash rent for the counties with-out a published 2008 number. Lis-teners were told that the depart-ment is currently working to findan alternative to get the cash rentdata.Houdyshell also reminded every-one that “the transition to produc-tivity valuation does not changethe appeal rights of property own-ers. In South Dakota, property can-not be assessed for more than itsmarket value and must be assessedequitably in relation to other prop-erty in the county. If you disagreewith the assessment of your prop-erty, you can appeal the valuationthe same way you would have ap-pealed a valuation based upon themarket.” The farmer or ranchershould first contract the county di-rector of equalization. He or shewill be able to explain the new sys-tem along with showing similarvalued property, and recent sales of similar property.Although the statewide amountof agricultural value in the produc-tivity system is the same as thatfrom the old valuation system, in-dividual counties increase or de-crease significantly, stated the De-partment of Revenue. To preventsudden large shifts in values, andto ensure they had time to addressany unanticipated problems, theLegislature limited increases or de-creases to 10 percent a year.”South Dakota Farm Bureau is agrassroots agriculture organizationrepresenting more than 13,000member families across the state.Founded in 1917, it works to repre-sent, uphold and improve ourstate’s number one industry – agri-culture.
Changes in ag land productivity valuation
Michael Houdyshell, director, propertyand special taxes division, SouthDakota Department of Revenue.
Senator John Thune (R-S.D.) ex-pressed deep concern about the AirForce’s decision to ground B-1BLancer bombers at Ellsworth AirForce Base for the remainder of thefederal fiscal year due to the deepdefense cuts in President Obama’ssequester.In a recent statement, Ellsworthofficials cited that the across-the-board spending cuts have forcedthe Air Force to cut 45,000 traininghours from its operations, ground-ing the aircrafts through Septem-ber.“One of my greatest concernswith the president’s sequester planand its disproportionate cuts to theDepartment of Defense was the im-pact it would have on our military,which is why I have supported leg-islation in the Senate to replace thesequester with smarter cuts else-where in the budget,” said Thune.“I have reached out to Air Forceleadership requesting additionalinformation on this unprecedentedmove and the impact it will have onour combat readiness. The B-1sand their crews stationed atEllsworth have played a significantrole in the nation's ability to projectpower and have provided vital sup-port in Iraq, Afghanistan, andLibya. The men and women atEllsworth have proven themselvestime and time again as the best wehave to offer and we should be sup-porting them, not making it moredifficult for them to do their jobs.”The Continuing Resolution (H.R.933), which funded the governmentfor the remainder of the 2013 fiscalyear, included the 2013 Depart-ment of Defense appropriationsbill, which restored $10 billion tothe DoD’s operations and mainte-nance budget. Thune is a cosponsorof the Down Payment to ProtectNational Security Act of 2013 (S.263) which would replace the se-quester with a reduction in the fed-eral workforce through attrition.Thune also voted for S. 16, whichwould have given DoD more flexi-bility to make spending cuts with-out hurting military readiness.
Thune expresses concernover Air Force B-1 plan
The South Dakota Farm Bureaureminds everyone that the deadlineis approaching quickly for the En-vironmental Protection Agency’s oilspill prevention, control and coun-termeasure (SPCC) program,which requires compliance by May10.Rebecca Perrin, EPA Region 8agriculture advisor, Denver,stated, “Although EPA can’t beginenforcement of the SPCC rule forfarms, as defined in the statute,until after October 1, 2013, it is im-portant for farmers to rememberthat the deadline for SPCC compli-ance is still May 10.”According to the United StatesEPA, farms or ranches that storemore than 1,320 total UnitedStates gallons of oil or oil productsin above ground containers sized55 gallons or larger, or more than42,000 gallons in completely buriedcontainers, and could be reason-ably expected to discharge oil towaters of the United States, are re-quired to have an SPCC plan inplace. May 10 is the newlyamended compliance date by whichfarms must prepare or amend andimplement their SPCC plan.If a farm was in operation before August 16, 2002, and theowners/operators do not alreadyhave a plan, they must prepare andimplement a plan as soon as possi-ble. For more information on com-pliance with the SPCC program,visit http://www.epa.gov/emergen-cies/content/spcc/spcc_ag.htm.“EPA is committed to workingwith the agricultural community tofind efficient and practical solu-tions to environmental challenges,”said Perrin. “Every farm or live-stock operation is required to deter-mine if they need an SPCC plan inplace to reduce the risks, and costs,associated with potential oil spills.EPA is offering assistance to makesure that those who need a plan aretaking appropriate steps to meetthese requirements. We encourageproducers to call us directly withany questions.”
Oil spill plan deadline May 10

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