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Chapter 10

Chapter 10

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Published by anil.gelra5140

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Published by: anil.gelra5140 on Mar 26, 2009
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05/30/2010

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V
ISUALISING
S
OLID
S
HAPES
 
153
DO THIS10.1 Introduction
In Class VII, you have learnt about plane shapes and solid shapes. Plane shapes have twomeasurements like length and breadth and therefore they are called two-dimensional shapeswhereas a solid object has three measurements like length, breadth, height or depth. Hence,they are called three-dimensional shapes. Also, a solid object occupies some space.Two-dimensional and three-dimensional figures can also be briefly named as 2-D and 3-D figures. You may recall that triangle, rectangle, circle etc., are 2-D figures while cubes,cylinders, cones, spheres etc. are three-dimensional figures.Match the following: (First one is done for you)
ShapeType of ShapeName of the shape
3-dimensionalSphere2-DimensionalCylinder3-dimensionalSquare2-dimensionalCircle
 
 Visualising SolidShapes
CHAPTER
10
 
154
M
ATHEMATICS
DO THIS
Match the following pictures (objects) with their shapes:3-dimensionalCuboid3- dimensionalCube2-dimensionalCone3-dimensionalTriangleNote that all the above shapes are single. However, in our practical life, many a times, wecome across combinations of different shapes. For example, look at the following objects.
A tentA tinSofty (ice-cream)A cone surmountedA cylinderical shellA cone surmounted by aon a cylinderhemisphereA photoframeA bowlTomb on a pillarA rectangular pathA hemispherical shellCylinder surmountedby a hemisphere
Picture (object)Shape
(i)
An agricultural field
Two rectangular cross paths inside arectangular park.
 
V
ISUALISING
S
OLID
S
HAPES
 
155
(ii)A grooveA circular path around a circular ground.(iii)A toyA triangular field adjoining a square field.(iv)A circular parkA cone taken out of a cylinder.(v)A cross pathA hemisphere surmounted on a cone.
10.2 Views of 3D-Shapes
You have learnt that a 3-dimensional object can look differently from different positions sothey can be drawn from different perspectives. For example, a given hut can have thefollowing views.
A hutFront viewSide viewTop view
similarly, a glass can have the following views.
A glassSide viewTop view
Why is the top view of the glass a pair of concentric circles? Will the side view appear different if taken fromsome other direction? Think about this! Now look at the different views of a brick.
TopSideFront

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