Again recall that an
is formed when lines or line segments meet. In Fig 5.1,observe the corners. These corners are formed when two lines or line segments intersectat a point. For example, look at the figures given below:
In Fig 5.3 (i) line segments AB and BC intersect at B to form angle ABC, and againline segments BC and AC intersect at C to form angle ACB and so on. Whereas, inFig 5.3 (ii) lines PQ and RS intersect at O to form four angles POS,SOQ, QOR and ROP. An angle ABC is represented by the symbol
ABC. Thus, in Fig 5.3 (i), the three angles formed are
BAC, and in Fig 5.3 (ii), the four angles formed are
POR. You have already studied how to classify the anglesas acute, obtuse or right angle.
While referring to the measure of an angle ABC, we shall write m
ABC as simply
ABC. The context will make it clear, whether we are referring to the angle or its measure.
5.2.1 Complementary Angles
When the sum of the measures of two angles is 90°, the angles are called
(i)(ii)List ten figures around youand identify the acute, obtuseand right angles found in them.
Whenever two angles are complementary, each angle is said to be the
of the other angle. In the above diagram (Fig 5.4), the ‘30° angle’ is the complement of the‘60° angle’ and vice versa.
Are these two angles complementary?No
Are these two angles complementary?Yes