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Introduction to Chemical Engineering Processes

# Introduction to Chemical Engineering Processes

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04/18/2013

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Contents
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1 Chapter 1: Prerequisites
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1.1 Consistency of units

1.1.1 Units of Common Physical Properties

1.1.2 SI (kg-m-s) System

1.1.2.1 Derived units from the SI system

1.1.3 CGS (cm-g-s) system

1.1.4 English system
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1.2 How to convert between units

1.2.1 Finding equivalences

1.2.2 Using the equivalences
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1.3 Dimensional analysis as a check on equations
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1.4 Chapter 1 Practice Problems

2 Chapter 2: Elementary mass balances
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2.1 The "Black Box" approach to problem-solving

2.1.1 Conservation equations

2.1.2 Common assumptions on the conservation equation
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2.2 Conservation of mass
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2.3 Converting Information into Mass Flows - Introduction
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2.4 Volumetric Flow rates

2.4.1 Why they're useful

2.4.2 Limitations

2.4.3 How to convert volumetric flow rates to mass flow rates
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2.5 Velocities

2.5.1 Why they're useful

2.5.2 Limitations

2.5.3 How to convert velocity into mass flow rate
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2.6 Molar Flow Rates

2.6.1 Why they're useful

2.6.2 Limitations

2.6.3 How to Change from Molar Flow Rate to Mass Flow Rate
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2.7 A Typical Type of Problem
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2.8 Single Component in Multiple Processes: a Steam Process

2.8.1 Step 1: Draw a Flowchart

2.8.2 Step 2: Make sure your units are consistent

2.8.3 Step 3: Relate your variables

2.8.4 So you want to check your guess? Alright then read on.

2.8.5 Step 4: Calculate your unknowns.

2.8.6 Step 5: Check your work.
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2.9 Chapter 2 Practice Problems

3 Chapter 3: Mass balances on multicomponent systems
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3.1 Component Mass Balance
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3.2 Concentration Measurements

3.2.1 Molarity

3.2.2 Mole Fraction

3.2.3 Mass Fraction
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3.3 Calculations on Multi-component streams

3.3.1 Average Molecular Weight

3.3.2 Density of Liquid Mixtures

3.3.2.1 First Equation

3.3.2.2 Second Equation
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3.4 General Strategies for Multiple-Component Operations
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3.5 Multiple Components in a Single Operation: Separation of Ethanol and Water

3.5.1 Step 1: Draw a Flowchart

3.5.2 Step 2: Convert Units

3.5.3 Step 3: Relate your Variables
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3.6 Introduction to Problem Solving with Multiple Components and Processes
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3.7 Degree of Freedom Analysis

3.7.1 Degrees of Freedom in Multiple-Process Systems
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3.8 Using Degrees of Freedom to Make a Plan
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3.9 Multiple Components and Multiple Processes: Orange Juice Production

3.9.1 Step 1: Draw a Flowchart

3.9.2 Step 2: Degree of Freedom analysis

3.9.3 So how to we solve it?

3.9.4 Step 3: Convert Units

3.9.5 Step 4: Relate your variables
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3.10 Chapter 3 Practice Problems

4 Chapter 4: Mass balances with recycle
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4.1 What Is Recycle?

4.1.1 Uses and Benefit of Recycle
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4.2 Differences between Recycle and non-Recycle systems

4.2.1 Assumptions at the Splitting Point

4.2.2 Assumptions at the Recombination Point
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4.3 Degree of Freedom Analysis of Recycle Systems
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4.4 Suggested Solving Method
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4.5 Example problem: Improving a Separation Process

4.5.1 Implementing Recycle on the Separation Process

4.5.1.1 Step 1: Draw a Flowchart

4.5.1.2 Step 2: Do a Degree of Freedom Analysis

4.5.1.3 Step 3: Devise a Plan and Carry it Out
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4.6 Systems with Recycle: a Cleaning Process

4.6.1 Problem Statement

4.6.2 First Step: Draw a Flowchart

4.6.3 Second Step: Degree of Freedom Analysis

4.6.4 Devising a Plan

4.6.5 Converting Units

4.6.6 Carrying Out the Plan

5 Chapter 5: Mass/mole balances in reacting systems
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5.1 Review of Reaction Stoichiometry
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5.2 Molecular Mole Balances
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5.3 Extent of Reaction
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5.4 Mole Balances and Extents of Reaction
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5.5 Degree of Freedom Analysis on Reacting Systems
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5.6 Complications

5.6.1 Independent and Dependent Reactions

5.6.1.1 Linearly Dependent Reactions

5.6.2 Extent of Reaction for Multiple Independent Reactions

5.6.3 Equilibrium Reactions

5.6.3.1 Liquid-phase Analysis

5.6.3.2 Gas-phase Analysis

5.6.4 Special Notes about Gas Reactions

5.6.5 Inert Species
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5.7 Example Reactor Solution using Extent of Reaction and the DOF
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5.8 Example Reactor with Equilibrium
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5.9 Introduction to Reactions with Recycle
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5.10 Example Reactor with Recycle

5.10.1 DOF Analysis

5.10.2 Plan and Solution

5.10.3 Reactor Analysis

5.10.4 Comparison to the situation without the separator/recycle system

6 Chapter 6: Multiple-phase systems, introduction to phase equilibrium

7 Chapter 7: Energy balances on non-reacting systems

8 Chapter 8: Combining energy and mass balances in non-reacting systems

9 Chapter 9: Introduction to energy balances on reacting systems

10 Appendix 1: Useful Mathematical Methods
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10.1 Mean and Standard Deviation

10.1.1 Mean

10.1.2 Standard Deviation

10.1.3 Putting it together
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10.2 Linear Regression

10.2.1 Example of linear regression

10.2.2 How to tell how good your regression is
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10.3 Linearization

10.3.1 In general

10.3.2 Power Law

10.3.3 Exponentials