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Soal Seleksi OSK Astro 2013

Soal Seleksi OSK Astro 2013

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Published by Parji Susanta
Soal Seleksi
Soal Seleksi

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Published by: Parji Susanta on Apr 18, 2013
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1
SOAL SELEKSIOLIMPIADE SAINS TINGKAT KABUPATEN / KOTA 2013CALON TIM OLIMPIADE ASTRONOMI INDONESIA 2014
ASTRONOMI
 
WAKTU : 120 MENIT
KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN DAN KEBUDAYAANDIREKTORAT JENDERAL PENDIDIKAN MENENGAHDIREKTORAT PEMBINAAN SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATASTAHUN 2013
 
 
2
KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN DAN KEBUDAYAAN
DIREKTORAT JENDERAL PENDIDIKAN MENENGAH
DIREKTORAT PEMBINAAN SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS
TES SELEKSI OLIMPIADE ASTRONOMI TINGKAT KABUPATEN/KOTA 2013Nama…………………………………….Provinsi………………………………..Tanggal Lahir……………………………….Sekolah & Kelas (saat ini)……………………………………..Kabupaten/Kota………………………………..Tanda Tangan………………………………….
1.
 
A star is located at a distance of 5,1 parsec. 1 parsec is equal to 3,26 light years. One light year is thedistance travelled by light in a year. If the light speed is 300.000 km/seconds, what is the distance of thestar?a.
 
1,7 x 10
11
kmb.
 
1,5 x 10
12
kmc.
 
1,6 x 10
14
kmd.
 
1,1 x 10
15
kme.
 
1,3 x 10
17
km2.
 
Number of leap years between 1 January 10000 BC until 31 December 2100 AD isa.
 
3020b.
 
2934c.
 
3178d.
 
2873e.
 
29803.
 
Venus achieves its half phase ata.
 
Superior conjunctionb.
 
Inferior conjunctionc.
 
Maximum West elongation and maximum East elongationd.
 
retrogradee.
 
Toward superior conjuntion4.
 
In December 2012, Voyager 2 Space Craft is at a distance if 15 billion km from the Earth or 100 timesdistances of Earth and Sun. Which law of Physics that explain why the space craft has travelled thatdistance?a.
 
Newton's law I about motionb.
 
Newton's law III abou motionc.
 
Bernouli's law about fluid mechanicsd.
 
Kepler's law II about planetary motione.
 
Thermodynamics law about the conservation energy5.
 
At the moment of mid penumbral lunar eclipse, phase of Moon is abouta.
 
180 degreeb.
 
90 degreec.
 
0 degreed.
 
270 degreee.
 
Any value between 0 to 360 degree6.
 
From the Earth, the full phase of Venus:a.
 
Can be observed at any timeb.
 
Impossible to be observedc.
 
Can be observed if Venus has already been at the maximum East elongation
 
3
d.
 
Can be observed if Venus has already been at the maximum West elongatione.
 
Sometimes can be observed as a bright celestial object7.
 
Which part of electromagnetic spectrum radiated by stars that can reach telescopes on the surface of theEarth?a.
 
Ultravioletb.
 
Radio wavec.
 
Gamma rayd.
 
X-raye.
 
Micro wave8.
 
Suppose that
Potentially Hazardous Asteroids
(PHAs) are uniformly distributed so that its relativecollision rates are constant. If all of these asteroids will be vanished due to collision with the Earth within25 million years from now, and there are 1364 PHAs known until now (data updated until 30 September2012), what is the frequency between two collisions?a.
 
Once in 8.000 yearsb.
 
Once in 13.000 yearsc.
 
Once in 18.000 yearsd.
 
Once in 23.000 yearse.
 
Once in 28.000 years9.
 
Choose the CORRECT statement about Gregorian calendara.
 
One mean year in Gregorian Calendar consist if 365,2422 daysb.
 
The year 1700, 2000 and 2100 are common yearsc.
 
Number of leap years in Gregorian Calendar is less than number of leap years in Julian calendarsystemd.
 
The year 2000, 2004 and 2100 are leap yearse.
 
The year 2000, 2004 and 2100 are common years10.
 
Gambar di bawah adalah diagram Hertzprung-Russel (HR) yang menggambarkan tempat kedudukanperjalanan hidup (evolusi) bintang.OBAFGKM menyatakan kelas spektrum bintang. Diantara kelas spektrum bintang tersebut terdapat sub-kelas 0 s.d. 9 (contoh: O2, F8). Daerah di garis diagonal (daerah (2)) menyatakan posisi bintang di DeretUtama.Hubungan antara besaran luminostas (L) dan temperatur efektif (T
eff 
) dinyatakan oleh :
4eff 2
 TR4L
,di mana R adalah jejari (radius) bintang dan
σ
adalah konstanta Stefan-Boltzmann. Berdasarkan diagramHR di atas, pilihlah jawaban yang BENAR:a.
 
Daerah (1) adalah tempat bintang-bintang berukuran besar (dibandingkan bintang di daerah (3))dengan luminositas rendah dan temperatur tinggi, disebut daerah Bintang Raksasa

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