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Beyond Religious Pluralism Chung

Beyond Religious Pluralism Chung

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Published by Ilkwaen Chung
Beyond Religious Pluralism Chung
Beyond Religious Pluralism Chung

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Ilkwaen Chung on Apr 19, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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종교다원주의 신학을 넘어서
기독교와 불교 대화신학에 대한 비판적 연구
종교다원주의 신학을 넘어서
기독교와 불교 대화신학에 대한 비판적 연구
한국개혁신학회 논문집 제
) (2013), pp.117-51 (
Ilkwaen Chung, “Beyond Religious Pluralism. A Critical Evaluation of Buddhist-Christian Dialogue,”
 Korea Reformed Theology
37 (Korea Reformed Theological Society), 2013, pp. 117-51 (in Korean) 
Beyond Religious Pluralism
- A Critical Evaluation of Buddhist-Christian Dialogue -
Ilkwaen Chung (Handong Global University)
The emerging multireligious societies are characterized by a new intensity of interreligiousencounter with all its constructive and destructive potentials. For the understanding of the complexities inthe encounter of different religions, the more complex and dramatic hermeneutic for the interreligiousdialog is necessary.The similarity between Christ and Bodhisattva was commonly pointed out in the Buddhist
Christian studies. The image of Jesus suggests that of a bodhisattva, the embodiment of selflesscompassion for sentient beings. Whereas bodhisattvas are free of the attachment to self owing to their 
insight into the Emptiness of persons and all things, Jesus was, according to Keel, free of preoccupationwith himself owing to his complete trust in the God of unconditional love. Some Buddhists believe JesusChrist was a bodhisattva. But the exceptional breaking and transgression of Bodhisattva in the path of initiation can be understood as the staged crimes and methodical transgression of taboos on the side of thereconciliatory victims. The initiatory vows of Bodhisattva involve exceptional breaking of basic moral or disciplinary precepts in order to accomplish a higher aim.These examples of exceptional licence to break the basic rules of morality in special cases of alturistic motivation is to be read from the perspective of genetic mechanism of surrogate victim. Oedipusthe surrogate victim is unique in at least one respect: he alone is guilty of patricide and incest. He is presented as a monstrous exception
to the general rule of mankind; he resembles nobody, and nobodyresembles him. Faure has pointed out the ideology of transgression and the apparent transgression of the buddhas, bodhisattvas, and saints. Transgression constitutes a determining hagiographical motif in EastAsian Buddhist chronicles. There are two basic types of antinomianism: a naturalist or spontaneisttendency, according to which the saint´s hubris places him above ordinary moral rules – as in the case of Tantric or Chan madmen; and a systematic ritual inversion of the rule.In the course of Westernization, Zen has been theologized, psychologized, and systematized.“Reinterpretation of Zen Buddhism in the sense of Western existential philosophy and very desperateattempt to translate Zen in the categories of contemporary European philosophy can be well illuminated by Girard’s mimetic hermeneutics, especially more dynamic and complex process of interculturalmimesis. The resemblance between the Western existentialist and Buddhism has been pointed out. BothBuddhism and the Western existentialism are said to focus attention on tragedy and anxiety. But so
calledBuddhist existential philosophy of (nothingness and emptiness) represents originally and mostly theanthropologically very specific existence of sacred and liminal world
renouncer. The originallycontextual meaning of the the Buddhist nothingness and emptiness should be comprehended within thesocial anthropological context of world
renouncer’s world
negating dharma. There is only a superficialsimilarity between forest world
renouncer’s sacrificial meditation on essential impermanence or finitudeof the phenomenal world and western existential philosophy.Key words: Religious pluralism, R. Girard, Christ and Bodhisattva, Kyoto School, fascism.

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