Brief Description of the Disease Condition
The body is made up of many types of cells. Normally, cells grow, divide and die. Sometimes,cells mutate (change) and begin to grow and divide more quickly than normal cells. Rather thandying, these abnormal cells clump together to form tumors. If these tumors are malignant(cancerous), they can invade and kill your body's healthy tissues. From these tumors, cancer cells can metastasize (spread) and form new tumors in other parts of the body. By contrast, benign (noncancerous) tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Nasopharyngeal (say:"nay-zo-fair-in-gee-al") cancer is a malignant tumor that develops in the nasopharynx (say:"nay-zo-fair-inks"). The nasopharynx is the area where the back part of your nose opens intoyour upper throat. This is also where tubes from your ears open into your throat. Nasopharyngeal cancer is rare. It most often affects people who are between 30 and 50 years of age. Men are more likely to have nasopharyngeal cancer than women. You are most likely to getthis cancer if you or your ancestors came from southern China, particularly Canton (now calledGuangzhou) or Hong Kong. You are also more likely to get this cancer if you are from a countryin Southeast Asia, like Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia or Thailand. No one knows for sure whatcauses nasopharyngeal cancer. Eating salt-preserved foods (like fish, eggs, leafy vegetables androots) during early childhood may increase the risk of getting this form of cancer. The Epstein-Barr virus may also make a person more likely to get nasopharyngeal cancer. This is the samevirus that causes infectious mononucleosis (also called "mono"). You may also inherit atendency to get nasopharyngeal cancer.
Reason for Choosing the Case
Nasopharyngeal Cancer is one of the unusual terms for a lay person and a rare case that a nursewould encounter. Acquisition of cognitive knowledge regarding the topic would enable theresearchers in providing optimum care for clients suffering such and in delivering appropriateinterventions that would promote health and wellness for the client.1