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Pendidikan Indonesia Di Era Reformasi

Pendidikan Indonesia Di Era Reformasi

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Published by Alexander August

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Alexander August on Apr 20, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/12/2013

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Mkexmnfer Mgus YmntdsmJ=I<=2<22Akou CdounacmsaJmcuktms Akou Ydsamk * Akou \dkatac 
Unaversatms Henfermk Ydefaromn
 \urwdcertd
\enfafacmn Anfdnesam fa Erm Rejdromsa
Dke`8 Mkexmnfer M. Ymntdsm
Yehmc pertmom cmka fa prdckmomsacmn dke` smng prdckmomtdr :7 tm`un ymngkmku+ sekmom atu pukm Anfdnesam terus oenmoma faranym sebmgma negmrm berceobmng+
ymng „entm`— smopma cmpmn negmrm teriantm catm ana tetmp oenggunmcmn gekmr atu. Mfm
 bebermpm `mk ymng oenyebmbcmn Anfdnesam fmkmo perhmkmnmn sehmrm`nym `mnym basm hmkmn fa teopmt tmnpm mfm `msak sertm germcmn untuc bmngcat+ ymatu persdmkmn Ecdndoa+\dkatac+ Ydsamk+ Bufmym+ Yuoberfmym omnusam+ smopma fengmn persdmkmn ymngoengmrm` pmfm ceuntungmn sumtu rezao tertentu. Nmoun+ fmra bmnymc persdmkmn ymngmfm fmn basm fahmfacmn mkmsmn penyebmb kmobmtnym perceobmngmn negera ana mfm smtu`mk pdcdc secmkagus pentang fmn smngmt berpermn fmkmo berbmgma mspec ymng catm baimrmcmn fa mtms ymatu bafmng \enfafacmn.Oeomng benmr hacm tercmfmng mfm drmng ymng bercmtm ecdndoa atu urusmnnymsmom janmnsamk+ pdkatac ym smom bardcrmt+ Ydsamk/Bufmym `ubungmnnym
 ym
smomanfavafu omnusamnym omsang/omsang+ fmn ymng mfm `ubungmnnym smom penfafacmn pmkang iuom YFO
tdc 
. Qm+ pernymtmmn atu mfm benmrnym+ tetmpa hacm catm oenekmm`keba` hmu` tentmng `mk ymng bercmatmn fengmn peromsmkm`mn pdcdc famtms pmstaseoumnym mcmn oengeruiut pmfm persdmkmn penfafacmn. \enfafacmn sebmgma smrmnm penunuhmng sesedrmng mgmr drmng tersebut fmpmt oeomnjmmtcmn fmn oenggunmcmnakounym keba` bmac fmra ymng am teraom sertm oenymkurcmnnym kewmt `msak ymng fam bumt+ seomcan bmac penfafacmn ymng am perdke` omcm seomcan bmac pukm cumkatms `msakcmrym(pecerhmmn! ymng am cerhmcmn. Hmfa+ oungcan cesaopukmn ymng ididc untuc 
 
 
satumsa ana mfmkm` \enfafacmn4 Hmfa catm tafmc oenymkm`cmn Ecdndoa+ Yds/Buf+\dkatac+ Fkk. Vmpa catm iucup oenymkm`cmn penfafacmn+ tmpa penfafacmn ymng sebekm`omnmnym44 \engmhmrnymcm`4 Ouraf/ouraf/nym cm`4 Yasteonym cm`4 Mtmu bm`cmn peoerantm`mn/nym cm` ymng sengmhm oeobumt sasteo penfafacmn seperta ana44Yeimrm prabmfa+ \ernymtmmn smym tentmng penfafacmn atu pentang ouniuk pertmom cmka smmt guru (YF! smym
 berieratm+ ‛fuku wmctu
Hepmng fa Bdo Mtdo dke`Moeracm+ `mnym fmkmo wmctu secehmp Hepmng `mniur bermntmcmn fmn fapercarmcmnmomt sukat untuc bmngcat ceobmka secmkapun basm bmngcat tentu oeobutu`cmn wmctuymng smngmt kmom. Vmpa bebermpm oenat setekm` Bdo atu oeng`mniurcmn NmgmsmcaCmasmr Hepmng `mnym bertmnym smtu `mk cepmfm pmrm bmwm`mnnym +omsa` mfm bermpmguru ymng omsa` `afup44.
ieratm atu hekms oeobuctacmn hacm setekm` Hepmng fa Bdofmn fapercarmcmn mcmn `mniur+ bucmnnym oeobenm`a negeranym tmpa Ymng \eoaopannegera omtm`mra terbat tersebut omkm` oenimra guru/guru ymng omsa` `afup. Hepmngoengmnfmkcmn tenmgm/tenmgm guru untuc oeobmngun negmrmnym kewmt penfafacmn+kmntms setekm` oenfmpmt perantm` Ymng Cmasmr penfafacmn fa Hepmng fakmcucmn fengmngenimr/genimr fmn `msaknym fmkmo wmctu curmng fmra 9< tm`un Hepmng basm bmngcatceobmka fmra ceterpurucmn bm`cmn basm sehmhmr fengmn negmrm omhu kmannym.@mk atu oeobuctacmn hacm penfafacmn bucmn kmga sesumtu ymng pentang tmpasufm` oenhmfa cewmhabmn bmga sebum` negmrm untuc oenyekenggmrmcmn sebum` sasteo penfafacmn ymng bercumkatms fmn bmgus hacm negmrm tersebut beriatm/iatm oenhmfanegmrm ymng omhu.Ceobmka ce Anfdnesam+ sebenmrnym Anfdnesam hugm sufm` oeoper`mtacmn fmnoenymfmra mrta pentang \enfafacmn bmga sebum` negmrm. \mrm penfara bmngsmoenumngcmn pmsmk/pmsmk penfafacmn fa UUF =165+ ymng smkm` smtu pmsmknymoenhekmscmn bm`wm mnggmrmn penfafacmn Anfdnesam oanaomk 2<% fmra M\BN sebmboerecm smfmr mnggmrmn untuc oenhmkmncmn sumtu penfafacmn nmsadnmk berbmnfangkurus fengmn cumkatms+ seomcan bmnymc bamym ymng famnggmrcmn seomcan bercumkatms pukm
dutput 
ymng fa`msakcmn+ hacm
dutput 
sufm` bmac sufm` pmsta omsmkm` Ecdndoa+\dkatac+ Ydsbuf+ fkk mcmn smngmt oufm` termtmsa se`anggm Anfdnesam basm oenhmfanegmrm omhu sehmhmr fengmn negmrm/negmrm fa una erdpm fmn msam taour. Nmoun pmfm cenymtmmnym mnggmrmn penfafacmn Anfdnesam tafmc sekmkuoenmimpma 2<% sesuma ymng famomnmtkmn dke` UUF =165. Verutmom omsm drfe bmru
 
 
`mnym secatmr =+65 % hmu` fmra mngcm =<% mpmkmga smopma 2<% `mk ana oenyebmbcmnAnfdnesam terus terpuruc camn tertanggmk dke` negmrm/negmrm tetmnggm.Fa kumr peromsmkm`mn fa Mnggmrmn penfafacmn+ mfm bmnymc secmka peromsmkm`ymng taobuk cmrenm semcmn tafmc oenfucung mfmnym penfafacmn ymng bercumkatms fanegera catm ana. Yeperta omsm Drfe Bmru+ fa bmwm` cepeoaopanmn Yde`mrtd sekmom 92tm`un penfafacmn fa Anfdnesam semcmn fa \dkatasmsa fmn fa iecmk cebebmsmnnym mgmr  pmrm saswm Anfdnesam tafmc oeoberdntmc fmn oekmwmn pmfm rezao ymng sefmng bercumsm pmfm wmctu atu.Ymym omsa` angmt betuk smmt mym` smym pernm` berieratm hacm fuku drmng/drmng ymngoeoberdntmc mtmu bercmtm seobmrmng tentmng peoerantm`mn pmc `mrtd (Yde`mrtd! besdcnym drmng tersebut pmsta `akmng. Entm` sampm ymng oeniukac tafmc mfm ymng tm`u+tmpa unacnym cekumrgm cdrbmn `mnym perku oenunggu 6 `mra setekm` perastawm`akmngnym cdrbmn untuc oenimra ce sebum` teopmt `utmn fa uhung fesm seomimoteopmt peobmntmamn drmng+ fasmnm pmsta fateoucmn cdrbmn fmkmo cemfmmn sufm` tmc  bernymwm.Oengeracmn oeomng berbaimrm cebebmsmn terutmom cebebmsmn mcmfeoac faomsm sebekuo rejdromsa. Cehmnggmkmn cermp terhmfa omsm atu+ cebebmsmn mcmfeoac fa bmtmsa+ sasteo penfafacmn fmn pengmhmrmn sekmku fa mwmsa dke` peoerantm`. @mk anaoenhmfa smkm` smtu jmctdr ymng oeobumt pmrm pekmhmr Anfdnesam enggmn untuc bekmhmr keba` fmkmo fmn gamt+ oerecm keba` oeoaka` tafmc secdkm` mtmu perga ce kumr negerauntuc oenuntut akou sebmb oerecm tm`u oerecm tafmc mcmn pernm` nymomn untuc  bekmhmr fa negera senfara sekman atu oerecm hugm oeom`moa hacm pmrm akouwmn mtmusmrhmnm wmctu atu `mnymkm` sebum` tatek tmnpm mfm peng`mrgmmn c`usus fmraomsymrmcmt. Oungcan ymng
mgmc 
keba` fa`mrgma wmctu atu mfmkm` gekmr tentmrm mtmu pdkasa+ se`anggm mfm bebermpm pekmhmr Anfdnesam ymng omkm` terhun fa funam oakater oescapun tercmfmng faranym tm`u hacm am tafmc oeoakaca ceomopumn fa bafmng oakater tetmpa oengangmt prdspec ymng ierm` fabmnfang bafmng ymng kman omu tmc omu am tetmpoenhmkmna sesa oakaterazeo ymng fa tukmrcmn dke` bardcrmt oekmkua sasteo penfafacmnmgmr pmrm pekmhmr bersaopmtac pmfm peoerantm`mn ymng sefmng bercumsm wmctu atu.Cemfmmn ana oeobumt drmng/drmng pantmr Anfdnesam seomcan bercurmng. Mfm ymngcekumr negera mfm ymng omkm` ce oakater+ smngmt hmrmng ymng tetmp oenhmfa sapak bamsmuntuc oeobmngun Anfdnesam.

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