Commun. Theor. Phys. (Beijing, China)
46
(2006) pp. 639–642c
International Academic Publishers Vol. 46, No. 4, October 15, 2006
Mechanism of Gravity Impulse
WU Ning
∗
Institute of High Energy Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 918-1, Beijing 100049, China
(Received December 21, 2005)
Abstract
It is well known that energy-momentum is the source of gravitational ﬁeld. For a long time, it is generally believed that only stars with huge masses can generate strong gravitational ﬁeld. Based on the uniﬁed theory of gravitational interactions and electromagnetic interactions, a new mechanism of the generation of gravitational ﬁeld is studied. According to this mechanism, in some special conditions, electromagnetic energy can be directly converted into gravitational energy, and strong gravitational ﬁeld can be generated without massive stars. Gravity impulse found inexperiments is generated by this mechanism.
PACS numbers:
04.60.-m, 04.50.+h, 04.80.Cc, 04.90.+e, 04.30.Db
Key words:
mechanism of generation of gravitational ﬁeld, gravity impulse, quantum gravity, uniﬁed theoryof fundamental interactions
1 Introduction
Gravity is one kind of fundamental interaction whichis known by human beings in very ancient times. In New-ton’s classical theory of gravity, gravity obeys the inversesquare law and the magnitude of gravity is proportionalto the mass of the object.
[1]
In Einstein’s general theoryof gravity, gravity is treated as space-time geometry.
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In both Newton’s classical theory of gravity and Ein-stein’s general relativity, gravitational ﬁeld is generated byenergy-momentum of matter ﬁeld, and there is no otherway that can directly convert energy of electromagneticﬁeld into energy of gravitational ﬁeld.Quantum gauge theory of gravity (QGTG) was ﬁrstproposed in 2001.
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It is a quantum theory of gravityproposed in the framework of quantum gauge ﬁeld the-ory. An important breakthrough on QGTG is obtainedin 2003, when quantum gauge general relativity (QGGR)was proposed in the framework of quantum gauge theoryof gravity.
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In QGGR, the ﬁeld equation of gravitationalgauge ﬁeld is just Einstein’s ﬁeld equation, so in classicallevel, we can set up its geometrical formulation,
[10]
andQGGR returns to Einstein’s general relativity in classicallevel. In QGGR, the equation of motion of a mass point ingravitational ﬁeld is given by Newton’s second law of mo-tion, which is equivalent to the geodesic equation in gen-eral relativity.
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For classical tests of gravity, QGGRgives the same theoretical predictions as those of generalrelativity.
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In quantum level, QGTG is a perturbatively renor-malizable quantum theory, so based on it, quantum ef-fects of gravity and gravitational interactions of some ba-sic ﬁelds
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can be explored. In QGTG, uniﬁcationsof fundamental interactions including gravity can be ful-ﬁlled in a simple and beautiful way.
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Gravitationalphase eﬀects found in COW experiments
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and gravi-tationally bound quantized states found recently
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canbe understood in a natural way.
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Besides, QGTG pos-sibly solved the cosmological constant problems,
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andpredicts the gravitational Aharonov–Bohm eﬀect.
[23]
Inthe surface of a neutron star or near black hole, the grav-itomagnetic ﬁeld is relatively strong, and measuring theposition of the spectral line of the radiation or absorptioninduced by gravitomagnetic ﬁeld can help us to determinethe strength of the gravitomagnetic ﬁeld in the surface of the star.
[25]
If we use the mass generation mechanism thatwas proposed in literature,
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we can propose a new the-ory on gravity, which contains massive graviton and theintroduction of massive graviton does not aﬀect the strictlocal gravitational gauge symmetry of the theory and doesnot aﬀect the traditional long-range gravitational force.
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The existence of massive graviton will help us to under-stand the possible origin of dark energy and dark matterin the universe.There is another important quantum eﬀect of grav-itational interactions, the gravitational shielding eﬀectfound by Podkletnov.
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This eﬀect originates fromthe interactions between gravitational ﬁeld and non-homogeneous vacuum, which makes gravitational ﬁeld ob-tain a small mass term.
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In 2001, Podkletnov foundthat discharges originating from a superconducting ce-ramic electrode are accompanied by the emission of grav-itational impulse.
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Gravity impulse cannot be under-stood in Einstein’s general relativity. For a long time, itsmechanism is unknown. Some people think that the phe-nomenon of gravity impulse is not consistent with Ein-stein’s general relativity, and therefore the result is nottrue. Some even doubt the reality of the experiments. In
†
E-mail address: wuning@mail.ihep.ac.cn