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1.3.2 Voltage
1.3.3 Current
1.3.4 Power
1.3.5 Ohm's Law
1.3.6 Joule's Heating Law
1.3.7 Kirchoff's Laws
1.4.1 Resistors
1.4.2 Capacitors
1.4.3 Inductors
1.4.4 Batteries
1.4.5 Voltage and Current Sources
1.4.6 Source Equivalence and Transformation
1.5.1 Voltage and Current Division
1.6.1 Equivalence
1.6.2 Superposition
1.6.3 Thevenin's Theorem
1.6.4 Norton's Theorem
1.6.5 Maximum Power Transfer and Matching
1.7 MESH OR LOOP EQUATIONS
1.8.1 RC Circuits
1.8.2 Time Constant
1.8.3 RL Circuits
1.9 SUMMARY
2.1 INTRODUCTION
2.2.1 Phasor Analysis
2.2.2 Impedance and Phasor Relationships for R, L, and C
2.3.1 RC Filters
2.3.2 High-Pass RC Filter
2.4.3 Q-Factor and Bandwidth
2.5.1 Average Power
2.5.2 Effective or Root Mean Square (RMS) Values in Power Calculations
2.5.3 Power Factor
2.6.1 Flux Linkages and the Ideal Transformer
2.6.2 Impedance Transformation
2.7 SUMMARY
3.1 INTRODUCTION
3.2.1 Ideal and Practical Diodes
3.2.2 Half-Wave Rectifier
3.2.3 Full-Wave Rectifier
3.2.4 Rectifier Filters
3.2.5 Ripple Voltage Remaining after Filtering
3.2.6 Voltage Doubler
3.3.1 Clipping
3.3.2 Limiters
3.3.3 Clamping
3.4 ZENER DIODE VOLTAGE REGULATION
3.5.1 Introduction
3.5.2 SCR Characteristics
3.6 SUMMARY
4.1 INTRODUCTION
4.2.1 Intrinsic Semiconductors
4.2.2 Extrinsic Semiconductors
4.2.3 n-Type Semiconductors
4.2.4 Conduction in Doped Semiconductors
4.4.2 The Field Effect Transistor (FET)
4.4.3 Transfer Characteristics
4.4.4 Other Types of FETs
4.5.1 Elements of an Amplifier
4.5.2 Basic Design Considerations
4.5.3 The BJT as Amplifier
4.5.4 DC Self-Bias Design and Thermal Runaway Protection
4.5.5 Fixed-Current Bias
4.5.6 The FET as Amplifier
4.5.7 Graphical Method
4.5.8 Approximate Method for the Q-Point
4.5.9 Biasing of MOSFETs
4.5.10 Loss of Gain Due to Biasing Resistor
4.6 SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS AND GROUNDING
4.7 SUMMARY
5.1 INTRODUCTION
5.2 THE IDEAL AMPLIFIER
5.3.1 Small-Signal Model (FET)
5.3.2 Small-Signal Model (BJT)
5.3.3 Comparison of Amplifiers
5.4 DECIBEL NOTATION FOR GAIN
5.5.1 Loss of Gain at Low Frequencies
5.5.2 Loss of Gain at High Frequencies
5.5.3 Combined Frequency Response
5.6.1 Fourier Series
5.6.2 Pulse Amplifiers
5.6.3 Rise Time
5.6.4 Tilt
5.6.5 Square-Wave Testing
5.7.1 Transformer-Coupled Class A Amplifier
5.7.2 Class B Push-Pull Amplifiers
5.7.3 Class B Complementary Amplifiers
5.8.1 RF Stage
5.8.2 Mixer
5.8.3 Audio Frequency Amplification
5.9 SUMMARY
6.1 INTRODUCTION
6.2.1 The Inverting Amplifier
6.2.2 The Noninverting Amplifier
6.3 VOLTAGE FOLLOWERS AND THE UNIT GAIN BUFFER
6.4 SUMMERS, SUBTRACTERS, AND
6.5.1 Practical versus Ideal
6.5.2 Interference Signals
6.6 DIFFERENTIATING, INTEGRATING, AND LOGARITHMIC AMPLIFIERS
6.7 ACTIVE RC FILTERS
6.8.1 Comparator
6.8.2 A/D Converter
6.9 THE ANALOG COMPUTER
6.10 SUMMARY
7.1.1 Why Digital?
7.1.2 Digital Signals in an Analog World
7.2.1 Combinatorial and Sequential Logic
7.3.1 The AND Gate
7.3.2 The OR Gate
7.3.3 The NOT Gate
7.3.4 NAND and NOR Gates
7.3.5 Boolean Algebra
7.5.1 Flip-Flop: A Memory Device
7.5.2 Clocked Flip-Flops
7.5.3 Clocked RS Flip-Flop with Clear and Preset
7.5.4 Edge-Triggered Flip-Flops
7.5.5 D Flip-Flop
7.5.6 JK Flip-Flop
7.5.7 Shift Registers
7.5.8 "Serial In-Parallel Out" Shift Register
7.5.9 A "Parallel In-Serial Out" Shift Register
7.5.11 Synchronous Counters
7.6.1 RAM Cell
7.6.2 RAM
7.6.3 Decoding
7.6.4 Coincident Decoding
7.6.5 ROM
7.7 SUMMARY
8.1 INTRODUCTION
8.2.1 Computational Science
8.2.2 Microcontrollers, Microprocessors, and Microcomputers
8.2.3 Communicating with a Computer: Programming Languages
8.3.1 The Central Processing Unit
8.3.2 Clock
8.3.3 RAM
8.3.4 ROM
8.3.5 Interfaces
8.3.6 Interrupts
8.3.7 The Three Buses
8.3.9 Instrumentation Buses
8.4 THE CPU
8.5.1 Hex Numbers
8.5.3 Cache Memory
8.6.1 Controllers and Drivers
8.6.2 Operating System Stability
8.6.3 The Network Computer
8.7 SUMMARY
9.1 INTRODUCTION
9.2 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION AND THE COMPUTER
9.3.1 Traffic Light
9.3.2 Teletype
9.3.3 Speech Signal
9.3.4 Television Signal
9.4.1 Traffic Light
9.4.2 Teletype
9.4.3 Speech Signal
9.4.5 Information Rate of Television Signal
9.5.1 Bandwidth
9.5.2 Bandwidth of Signals
9.5.3 Bandwidth of Systems
9.5.4 Bandwidth of Digital Signals
9.5.5 Transmission Channels
9.5.6 Signal-to-Noise Ratio and Channel Bandwidth
9.5.7 Noise Created by Digitization
9.5.8 AM, FM, and Pulse Code Modulation (PCM)
9.5.9 Multiplexing
9.5.10 ISDN
9.5.11 Circuit Switching
9.5.12 Broadband ISDN and Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
9.5.13 Transmission Control Protocoi/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
9.5.14 ATM versus TCP/IP
9.5.15 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
9.5.16 Cable Modems
9.5.17 Ethernet
9.5.18 The Internet
9.6 SUMMARY
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Electronics and Communications for Scientists and Engineers

# Electronics and Communications for Scientists and Engineers

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07/22/2014

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