Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012United States Department of State •Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor
The government generally took steps to prosecute and punish officials whocommitted abuses, whether in the security services or elsewhere in the government.
Section 1 Respect for the Integrity of the Person, Including Freedom from:a. Arbitrary or Unlawful Deprivation of Life
There were no reports that the government or its agents committed arbitrary orunlawful killings during the year.In September 2011 Efraim Zuroff, director of the Jerusalem-based SimonWiesenthal Center, provided information to Hungarian authorities implicating 97-year-old Laszlo Csatary, a former police commander in Kassa (now Kosice,Slovakia) in war crimes. According to Zuroff, Csatary played a key role in thedeportation of 15,700 Jews from Kassa to Auschwitz in 1944. In 1948 thepeople’s tribunal of Kosice (then Czechoslovakia) convicted Csatary of war crimesand sentenced him to death in absentia. In 1948 Csatary fled to Canada under afalse identity and remained there until Canadian authorities revoked his citizenshipin 1997 after learning of his past. In September 2011 the Budapest InvestigativeProsecutor’s Office launched an investigation of Csatary. On July 16, journalistsfrom the British newspaper,
, located and interviewed Csatary at hisBudapest residence. On July 17, detectives detained and questioned Csatary at thebehest of the Budapest chief prosecutor, and the Buda Central District Courtordered his house arrest on July 17. The investigation remained pending at year’send.On February 28, two members of parliament (MPs) from the radical nationalist Jobbik party formally accused Bela Biszku, executive committee member of theSocialist Workers Party in 1956 and interior minister from 1957 to 1971, of crimesagainst humanity. On February 28, the Budapest Chief Prosecutor’s Officeordered an investigation into allegations that Biszku ordered security forces inBudapest and Nyiregyhaza to open fire on crowds in 1956, resulting in multiplecivilian deaths. On September 10, the Budapest Investigative Prosecutor’s Officedetained Biszku. On September 18, the Budapest Metropolitan Tribunal orderedBiszku’s house arrest. The investigation remained pending at year’s end.
There were no reports of politically motivated disappearances.