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Weekly Assessment Cause and Effect, Figurative Language and Spiral Genres

Weekly Assessment Cause and Effect, Figurative Language and Spiral Genres

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Published by nscmanigault
Figurative Language
Figurative Language

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Published by: nscmanigault on Apr 21, 2013
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 Name: _______________________ Date: _____________________ 
The day of the big race was finally here. Sam was both excited and nervous about this track meet. Although he had easily won all of the races he had run this season, this time he would be racingagainst some tougher competition. Sam walked up to the starting line and checked out the other racers.One of the racers caught his attention. There was a boy in a yellow jersey who was at least 6 inchestaller than Sam. The boy was a giant next to the other runners. Sam got nervous by the boy's appearance.He thought the other boy would surely outrun him with his long, muscular legs. The boy looked veryconfident. He, too, had won all of his races this season. Sam stepped up to the starting blocks and got in position. The starting gun went off. The other boy bolted like lightning out of the starting blocks. Hewas off to a commanding lead. Sam was running as swiftly as he could, but he was still behind the other  boy.For the first few seconds, it appeared that the other boy might win. Sam did not want to bedefeated this easily. He mustered some strength within himself and began to run more rapidly. He ran asfast as a cheetah around the track and past the other runners. He narrowed the gap between him and the boy in the yellow jersey. Sam was determined to triumph over the other runner. He continued at hisspeedy pace until he finally caught up with his rival. At this point, the two were running neck in neck,and it was difficult to determine who would win. Then, at the last possible moment, Sam took the lead.He crossed the finish line a split second before the other boy. Sam was victorious.
1.
What is the meaning of the phrase "he ran as fast as a cheetah"?A. Sam was running very slowly.B. Sam was very sneaky.C. Sam was running 70 miles per hour.D. Sam was running very swiftly.
2.
Which sentence contains a
simile
?A. "For the first few seconds, it appeared that the other boy might win."B. "Sam was running as swiftly as he could, but he was still behind the other boy."C. "He crossed the finish line a split second before the other boy."D. "He ran as fast as a cheetah around the track and past the other runners."
3.
What is the meaning of the phrase "bolted like lightning"?A. The boy races in bad weather.B. The boy was unreal.C. The boy looked like a storm.D. The boy started the race fast.
4.
Which sentence contains a
metaphor
?
 
 
A. "The other boy bolted like lightning out of the starting blocks."B. "He was off to a commanding lead."C. "The boy was a giant next to the other runners."D. "Sam did not want to be defeated this easily."Christy and her sister Leslie were playing a board game in their bedroom. Leslie was winning. Christydid not like losing, but she tried very hard to keep a smile on her face. Underneath her smile, she was asteaming teakettle. Leslie kept getting further ahead. Then Christy ended up flipping over a card thatsent her back to the start of the board game. Leslie smiled like a clown. She was excited because she hadfinally beat her sister for the first time.
5.
Which of the following sentences is an example of a
metaphor
?A. "Leslie kept getting further ahead."B. "Christy did not like losing, but she tried very hard to keep a smile on her face."C. "Underneath her smile, she was a steaming teakettle."D. "She was excited because she had finally beat her sister for the first time."
6.
Which of the following sentences has a
simile
?A. "Then Christy ended up flipping over a card that sent her back to the start of the board game."B. "Leslie smiled like a clown."C. "She was excited because she had finally beat her sister for the first time."D. "Leslie kept getting further ahead."
To Touch the Mammoth
 Zol crept out of the shelter. He left Mammoth Camp and headed toward the hills.Zol was eleven summers old, the age when boys in his Star Dancer clan joined the men to hunt themighty mammoth. Zol could tell no one he was afraid to go on the hunt.Why should he fear Mother Mammoth? She gave the Star Dancers her meat for food, hide for shelter,and bones for tools. She gave them life.A shrill trumpeting sounded. The mammoth!At the stream, he crouched and moved silently toward the herd. He remembered to stay downwind sothey could not smell him.The willow tree next to him shook and bent over. Zol's heart hammered against his chest, but heremained perfectly still. A young mammoth had strayed away from the herd and was feeding on the tree.Spotting Zol, she stopped chewing and pointed her trunk at him as if trying to smell him.She took a step toward Zol, stretching out her hairy trunk. Zol closed his eyes and held his breath.Something touched his hair. Then he felt her warm, smelly breath on his face.A blaring cry split the air so suddenly that Zol screamed, too. He clapped his hand over his mouth,wild-eyed with fear."I did not touch the mammoth," he said, "but the great mammoth touched me." A smile stretchedacross Zol's face. "And I did not run away!"
 
Who Was Zol?
 Zol was a Clovis boy whose people lived in North America during the Ice Age (ten to twelvethousand years ago). Scientists can only guess that Clovis people hunted woolly mammoths with stone-tipped spears. This story is fiction. It did not really happen . . . or did it?
 Adapted from "Touch the Mammoth" by Patricia Nikolina Clark 
 
7.
What is the
best
way to classify this piece of fiction?A. science fictionB. ghost storyC. mysteryD. historical fictionIt is not an easy job to plan the Olympics. It is a lot of work to hold the Olympics in a city. Just ask the people of Atlanta, Georgia. In 1996, athletes from over 100 countries participated in Atlanta. Peoplewere sent from newspapers, radio, and television stations to cover the games. Changes had to be madeall over the city. Athletes and coaches needed places to stay. Fans and the media needed somewhere tostay, too. A lot of healthy food had to be ready for the participants. Teams of people had to make thefood. Other teams cleaned up after people ate. Visitors wanted to shop and eat at nice places. Places hadto be built for different events.The first modern-day Olympics were very different. They were held in 1896. Only thirteen countriescame to the Olympics in Athens, Greece. Ten athletes competed for the United States. However, we wonnine out of ten events! This started America's tradition of winning a lot of Olympic events.
 From Grolier: Story of America and Heath Literacy: Skill Practice and Assessment 
 
8.
What is one effect of so many people coming to Atlanta for the Olympics?A. The athletes had to participate in more events.B. Many workers had to prepare large amounts of food.C. The athletes needed more time to practice.D. The Olympics were moved to Athens, Greece.
9.
Volcanoes are special mountains that build themselves. They are made from very hot melted rock called magma. The pressure of gas from deep inside the earth pushes the magma up and out of theground. When magma forces its way to the earth's surface, a volcano erupts. When the volcano erupts,the melted rock flows out of the ground. The melted rock is called lava.
 From Childcraft: World and Space and SRA Science Connection Center: Volcanoes
 What causes volcanoes to be formed?A. melted rock flowing out of the groundB. gas pushing magma out of the groundC. pressurized rock flowing out of the groundD. lava running out of the ground

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