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Computer Network

Computer Network

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Published by liza smktk
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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: liza smktk on Apr 22, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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TOPIC : NETWORK & INTERNETDefine Computer Networks1.0 : Network :is any method of sharing information between two systems (human or mechanical).consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources (such as printers and CD-ROMs), exchange files, or allow electronic communications.The computers on a network may be linked through cables, telephone lines, radio waves, satellites, orinfrared light beams.Define Communications :transfer of communication from a sender across a distance to a receiver-What are being transmitted- electricity, radio waves or light,information and data in the form of codes- information such as texts, voice, spund,video, graphic, images or combination of any two or more-what are the mediumBenefits of Computer Networks :-E-banking*handle transactions like account management, fund transfer and payment over the internet*transaction can be done at home or from the office-Long Distance Communication*communication via texts, voice pr video*cost cheaper than normal telephone calls*decision can be made through videoconference-E-businessConducting bussinness on the internetPayment is normally via credit card-On-line EducationStudents at any location can participate in an on-line classroom, downloading tutorial questions andsubmitting assignment++
 
Sharing devices
 
Sharing data and information
 
Sharing internet access
COMPUTER NETWORK DEVICES :
 
1.
 
Network devices
is any type of hardware capable of transmitting data, instructions andinformation between a sending and receiving device.2.
 
Examples of network devices :
 
a.
 
NIC (Network Interface Card)b.
 
Wireless Network Interface Cardc.
 
Internal Modemd.
 
External Modeme.
 
Hubf.
 
Switchg.
 
Routerh.
 
Wireless AP (Access Point)
TYPES OF COMPUTER NETWORK.:
 There are 3 types of computer networks :
LAN (Local Area Network)MAN (Metropolitan Area Network)WAN (Wide Area Network)
LAN
<!--[if !supportLists]--> : covers a small region of space typically a single building, schools or athome.- <!--[endif]-->limited geographical area<!--[if !supportLists]-->- <!--[endif]-->often share resources such as printers<!--[if !supportLists]-->- <!--[endif]-->often connected via cable
MAN
: connects LANs in city or town
<!--[if !supportLists]-->- <!--[endif]-->a connection of LANs with the same geographically area forinstant a city<!--[if !supportLists]-->- <!--[endif]-->if long distance, use fibre optic cable for best connection
WAN
: a collection of LANs or MANs or both. A very large geographical area for instant acountry or beyond the border.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->- <!--[endif]-->cover a large geographic area<!--[if !supportLists]-->- <!--[endif]-->using a communication channel<!--[if !supportLists]-->- <!--[endif]-->combine any types of media such as telephone lines<!--[if !supportLists]-->- <!--[endif]-->consist of two or more LAN/MAN connected together<!--[if !supportLists]-->- <!--[endif]--
>world’s largest WAN is i
nternet
2.0 : INTERNET ?
 The Internet, or the Net, is the worldwide, publicly accessible system of interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using the standard Internet Protocol (IP).It consists of millions of smaller business, academic, domestic and government networks, whichtogether carry various information and services, such as electronic mail, online chat, and theinterlinked Web pages and other documents of the World Wide Web.Internet is one of the uses of communication. Through the Internet, society has access to globalinformation and instant communication.

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