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Table Of Contents

Learning Objectives (Cont.)
Mud Circulating System
Downhole Functions of Mud
Pressure Control: Downhole Pressure
Transport Cuttings and Sloughings
Clean Beneath the Bit
Cool and Lubricate Bit and Drillstring
Seal Permeable Formations
Stabilize Borehole
Control Corrosion
Lesson Objectives
Drilling Fluid Design Focus
Clean the hole and deposit a good quality filtercake and you will be successful!
Lesson Outline
Mud Components
How do you make a water-based mud?
Weight Materials
Typical Bentonite Water-Base Mud Composition
14 ppg Fresh Water Mud
How do you make a non aqueous mud?
Typical Non Aqueous Mud Composition
14 ppg Mineral Oil/Synthetic Mud
Rheology
Shear Rates in Circulating System
Bingham Plastic Parameters
Rheology Applied to Your Job
Filtration and Filtercake Quality
Static Filter cake Characteristics
Effect of Solids
Temperature Effect on Filtrate Viscosity
Static and Dynamic Filtration
Drilling Fluid Types, Costs, and Selection
Rheology and Filtration Materials
10.5 ppg Mud
Bentonite Fluids
Actual Clay Minerals
Low Bentonite / Polymer Fluids
Non Aqueous Drilling Fluids
Non Aqueous Drilling Fluids* (NAF)
Why Use NAF?
General NAF Formulation Issues
Classes of Synthetics
Drilling Fluid Selection
Drilling Fluid Selection Criteria
Lesson Summary
Mud Property Review
Sources of Mud Test Procedures
Mud Properties
Downhole Density Behavior
Downhole Rheology Behavior
Drilling Fluid Rheology
6-rpm Dial Readings
Drilling Fluid Static Filtration
pH
Mud Salinity (Chlorides)
Carbonates and Sulfides
Garrett Gas Train Monitors Carbonates and Sulfides
Solids Analysis (Retort)
Non Aqueous Fluid Properties
INTERPRET A MUD CHECK
REFERENCES
Manuals / References for Presentation
Suggested Range of Plastic Viscosity at 120°F
Suggested Range of Yield Point
Water Mud Contamination Summary
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Drilling Fluids Presentation

Drilling Fluids Presentation

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Published by Leopard Eyes
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Published by: Leopard Eyes on Apr 22, 2013
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06/30/2015

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