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3161483812.pdf

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A.
Peter Hayman
Sefer Yesira
Edition, Translation and Text-Critical CommentaryMohr Siebeck
 
A.
Pe/w.If~ij~iiitri~,
orn 1941; st~~dietlheology at the University ofI>urhatu; 1968 Plill in OrientalLanguages (School of Orieiital Stuclies, University of Durham); Senior Lccr~trer n Hebrew anci.lewish Studies ai the U~iiversity f Edingburgh.ISBN 1-16-148381-2lSSN 0721-8753 (Texts and Stud~es
11
Ancient Juda~sm)Die Deutsche Bibliothck lists this p~tblication n tlie Deutsche Natio~ialbibliograp!iie;detailed bib-liographic data is available on the Internet at
htt~~://tfii/~.c/~~l~.tie.
This book may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, in any form (beyond that permitietl by copy-right law) without the publisher's writtcn permission. This applies particularly to rcprotluctions,translations, tnicrofil~us nd storage and processing in eicctronic systems.The book was typeset
by
Martin Fischer in Tiibingen, printed by Guide-Dr~~ckn Tiibingen on non-aging paper and bou~id y Buchbinderei Spinner in C)tters\veier.Printed in Germany.
Preface
Th~sdit~on f tlie text
of
Sefe~ es~~aas been
n
long t~meo~ii~ng.fi~st o~~ee~vcdtlie ~deafdo111g t n tlie ea~ly 980s when
I
wds ~eact~~ighe text w~th y studentrin a course
on
Jcw~sliMystlclvn at the Un~ve~vtyf Cdinb~l~ghhe fundamental lesearch for the book was cartied out In 1985
In
a v~s~to the M~c~ofilrnnst~t~~tef tlie Jew~sh at~onal nd Un~ve~s~tyI~I~IIn Jel ~~saleni,unded by a
giant
from theBrrt~sliAcademy My ~n~t~al
ntention
was to produce
an
ed~t~on,~anrlat~onnd both
a
text-cr~t~calommentary and a commentary on the content
In
the event ~t ilrliedout that th~s as too amb~tious p~olecto be accompl~~liedltli~n ne book and, Inany case, compctlng p~~or~tles,spcc~ally rom the ptcssures of unlverslty admin-~strat~on,~event~nglie fiom produc~ng iore than a selles of one-off papers anda~t~clesn Sefe~ eyra
I
now plan
a
sc~~csf three books fi~st,li~s d~t~on,econd, a collected ed~t~onf my papels
on
Sefe~Yes~~a,nd tli~rd, commentary on thecolitelit of'the text. Thls book, theiefo~e,
S
conce~ned olely w~thhe text
-
w~thliemanusel ~pts,lie reccnslons, the ~nd~vidualeadings w1th111he paraglaplis Issuer of lntiodi~ct~on,ate, place of orlgln, and what the text lnlght mean, w~ll e ~erervedIbr tlie late1 books, though
I
have already dealt with many ol'these In lily publ~shed13qers. Of course, no r~g~d~vtd~ng1nccan be dra\vn between these d~ffe~entp- ploaclies to
a
text and, ~nev~tably,w~lltray ~nto ~scuss~o~ifthe content liom time to tlmc, but
I
w~sh
o
stress that th~s
S
not lily
131
Imaiy pu~posen th~sookIn 2003 the UI~IVCISL~Yf Ed~nburgh llowed me a coniplete sabbat~cal ear w~tli~ellefro111 all teacli~ng nd adniln~strat~veut~es partly fi~~idedy a grant from the Brrt~sh rts and f-1~1rnan1t1esesearch Boa~d. h~save me, at last, the freedomto concentrate on produc~nghe cd~t~onf the text
I
am \/el y g~atefillo both fo~glvlng ~iich~spportun~ty.My thanks ale also due to those MI~O,
VCI
the years,have kept urglng me to p~oduce he book, especially Peter ScliBfei and JosephDan
I
am gratefill for the help of Stefan Re~fnd Plill~pAlexander In obta~nrngtlie AHRB grant. BLI~y deepest thanks are due to Ithamar Gruenwald of the Uul-vers~ty f Tel Av~vor tlie many Iio~~rse liave spent d~scusslng efer Yes~ran 111s vrslts to Ed~~~b~ilglind rnlne to Je~usalem bu~ld pon the foundat~onie la~dn 111s"Prel~m~naryr~l~caldit~on f Sefe~ cz~ra" nd his 1973
REJ
art~cle, SomeCI~t~calotes
on
tlie F~rst art of Scfcr Yez11 a
"
Finally,
my thanks are due to tlie varrous I~brar~esho have glvcn nie pernllsslonto pi~bl~slihe manuscllpts irsed In th~sdit~on nd s~lppl~edc
with
the m~crofilmrand photographs of tlie
manuscripts
the Sy~id~csf Carnbr~dge n~vers~tyI~I~I,
 
Blbl~otheque at~onale e France. Le~deii nivers~ty ~brary.he Bodleian L~brary.the Br~t~sh~brary. he L~brary f the Hebrew Un~on ollege-Jewlsh Inst~tute fRel~g~on.he Vat~canL~brary. he B~bliotheca alatma dl Parma. the Bibl~otccaMcd~cea auren~lana. nd the
Microfilm
Institute of the Jewlsh Nat~onal nd
Unl-
verslty L~braryn Jcr~~salemAbove all a111
I
grateful to three general~ons SL~brar-Inns
of
New Collegc L~brary Unlvers~ty
f
Ed~nburgh) ohn Howard. MurrayS~mpsonnd E~leen lcl<son. for the unstlntlng hclp they havc given me In obta~n-Ing the research lnater~als needed to complete th15 plOJeCtThe School of DlvinltyNew CollegeUn~vcrsity f EdinburghDecember.
2003
Peter Hayinan
Contents
.......................................................
bbreviations
XI
.......................................................
ntroduction
1
1
.
The fluid state of the text of Sefer Yesira
..............................
I
2 Why
a
new edition of Sefer Yesira'?
.................................
33 The "original text"
of
SY or "the earliest recoverable text"?
..............
64 Editing Jewish texts from the first millennium C.E
.....................
9
.................................................
The Manuscripts 12
..........................................
.1 The Long Recension 12
.......................................
.2 TlieSaadyanRecension 13
..........................................
.3 The Short Recension 136 The rules of the edition
...........................................
14
...............................
Abbreviations in the text~~alpparatus I6
..........................................
Notes on the manuscripts 15
..........................................
.1 The Long Recension 16
.......................................
.2 The Saadyan Recension I8
..........................................
.3 The Short Recension 209 The Chapter and Paragraph Divisions (Appendix 11)
....................
24I0 The Four Pre-Kabbalistic Cornnielltaries
.............................
25
..............................
0.1 The Coinmentary of Saadya Gaon2610.2 The Commentary of Dunash Ibn Tamim
.........................
2910.3 The Hakhemoni of Shabbetai Donnolo
...........................
31
10.4 The Corn~ne~itaryf Rabbi Judah ben Barzillai
....................
32
11
The Earliest Recoverable Text of Sefer Yesira and the Three
Recensions
....
33
11 I
The Biblical Material
in
Sefer Yesira
............................
34
........................................
1.2 The Rabbinic Material 34
................................
1.3 Creatio cx Nihilo
i11
Sefer Yesira3511.4 The Astrological Material in Sefer Yesira
.........................
3611.5 The Kahbalistic Readings and Additions
.........................
37
....................................
1.6 The Commentary Material 3712 The Three Recensions and the Development of the SY Text Tradition
......
39

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