3/28/09 8:36 PMhttp://the-news-from-cameroon.com/article_print.php?article_id=1236Page 2 of 9
Southern Cameroon was terminated at midnight on 30th September, 1961, there should be a tripartiteconference between Britain the administering authority over Southern Cameroon the non-self governingterritory of Southern Cameroon and the sovereign state of La Republique du Cameroun to draw up atreaty of union embodying the undertakings and understandings made by La Republique du Camerounbefore the UN as to the terms of joining, which Ahidjo had specifically stated that it would be a two-state federation of equal partners. With each partner carrying on in the systems it had been accustomed toand that no time would he use the majority of La Republique du Cameroun to fault the people of Southern Cameroon. This is what was said.The Sun: So what are you after now, a Southern Cameroon state or a federated state of Cameroon?Mola Njoh: Well you know the founding fathers of Southern Cameroons agreed to have theirindependence by joining either Nigeria or La Republique du Cameroun. It seems to me that, that was adefinitive way of getting their self-determination. So I will start from the basis that the founding fathersagreed that they would have their independence by joining. Now independence by joining had beendefined a year before 1961, precisely on the 15th of December, 1960 when the UN a day before said theydid not want colonialism anywhere in the world. Countries like Britain said in some territories we wouldset up an administration, a civil service, a police force and an army.So if the territory is unable to pay for these services and were left abruptly in accordance with theresolution there would be total chaos. The very next day on December 15, 1960 the UN sat again withboth Nigeria and Cameroon as sitting members and said that if a country is unable to stand on its ownfeet, it can attain independence by joining. And in that case it would be deemed to attain independenceand that independence could be achieved in two ways either by association or by integration, but if it isby association the non-self governing territory maintains its constitution, retains its territorial integritybut relates to the sovereign state in areas in which it is deficient like foreign relations, setting of embassies throughout the world, defence or what else have you.But then in accordance with Article 102 of the UN Charter the terms would have been reduced intowriting and filed at the UN secretariat. That is independence by association. In the case of independenceby integration as people casually say, both the non-self governing territory and the sovereign territory itagrees to join share executive, legislative and judicial powers equally. This means to say that if theintegrated unit has one president then that position alternates between the two territories. Similarly if thenumber of delegates to the central legislature is not equal, the small delegates from the non-self governing territory would have a veto power on all legislature.The Sun: Are these assumptions or they were really written down?Mola Njoh: They are recorded. Before I finish this interview, I will give you a copy of resolution 1541of December 15, 1960. When we were still a trust territory and Cameroon had become a member of theUN in September before December and so Cameroon participated and then came the resolution of April21, which the UN said the trust mandate would terminate on September 30. Cameroon infact votedagainst that resolution led by France. So a lot of French territories with the exception of Mali voted thatCameroon should not have independence and join. Probably that is the reason why we are treated assecond class citizens because Cameroon never accepted the decision of the UN. So we were practicallycolonised because when Britain left, Ahidjo moved over his security forces and he has been here eversince.